When a woman gets pregnant, medical follow-up is critical. Not because pregnancy is an illness, quite the opposite, but because it is important to carefully follow the process in order to ensure the health of the expectant mother, and to provide all conditions for the fetus to develop normally.
The first quarter is very important and should be followed closely.
In medical follow-up, exams are essential. They will give the obstetrician the information they need.
In this article you will be able to know the various exams of the first trimester of pregnancy.
First trimester pregnancy exams
As soon as you know that you are pregnant, you should consult an obstetrician, who will follow you and take the necessary tests for proper medical follow-up. Then you can know the usual tests of the first trimester of pregnancy.
This blood test will check your blood levels, levels, and other morphological aspects. The level of platelets is one of the most important points in this examination. In addition, since anemia is a common complication in pregnancy, this test will help to prevent possible onset of the disease.
Blood group and Rh factor
Made by blood collection, this test is of great importance, since it allows to prevent the blood incompatibility between the fetus and the mother, also called fetal erythroblastosis.
Also done through a blood collection, fasting blood glucose allows you to understand what the chances of the pregnant woman developing gestational diabetes. Knowing the concentration of glucose in the blood, it is possible to verify the tendency of this type of diabetes to arise.
Immune blood tests
In the first trimester a blood collection is also carried out to find out if the pregnant woman has several diseases, including rubella, hepatitis B, HIV, toxoplasmosis and syphilis.
This test will check the presence of urinary tract infections and the presence of bacteria.
Screening for hemoglobinopathies
In this test, there is a possible presence of hemoglobin, a protein that is part of the red blood cells (cells that carry oxygen to the cells).
This exam may or may not be done in the first trimester. With the ultrasound it is possible to observe the fetus.