- Although most Spaniards would like to have 2.3 children on average, the reality is that the fertility rate in Spain is only 1.3 children / woman.
- In Spain 114,000 children born less than in 1980 despite the increase in population by nearly 9 million people since that year.
- Increase life expectancy and the average age of the Spaniards.
- According to a study by the Institute for Family Policy, the consequences of demographic winter in 2050 will be catastrophic.
Asturias (0.99), Canary Islands (1.04), Galicia (1.07) and Cantabria (1.15) have a fertility rate of just one child per woman, which puts them in a situation of critical birth, according to the study ‘Demography and birth rate in Spain’, the Institute for Family Policy. Although most Spaniards would like to have 2.3 children on average, which would ensure the replacement level (2.1 children / woman), the reality is that the fertility rate in Spain is only 1.3 children / woman, which places our country in the caboose of the birth rate in Europe. 260,000 births over those who have annually to ensure the replacement level in Spain are born 114.000 children less would be needed in 1980 despite the increase in population by nearly 9 million since that year and injection foreign birth mothers (75,714 births in 2014), without which we would be at 1995 levels.
According to the study, the low birth rate in our country is so large that it would take at least 260,000 more than those who have annually to ensure generational replacement level birth.
The Spanish, EU women who have their children later
The Spanish are the EU women have their children later, hindering the possibility of an increase in births in the coming years. Childbearing age has risen by more than 3.5 years since 1980. In addition, half of communities (Basque Country, Galicia, Castilla y Leon, Madrid, Navarra, Cantabria, Asturias and Aragon) have an average age of maternity above 32 years. Spain recorded 108,690 abortions in 2013, ie, 1 abortion every 4.8 minutes and has become the third EU country after France and the UK, with the highest number of abortions, which has become one of the main causes of low birth rate. Since its legalization in 1985, they counted more than 1.9 million abortions.
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The Spanish population has grown from more than 47 million people in 2010 to 46.4 million in 2015, which meant a decrease of 600,000 people.Also, it has grown from 410,000 births of Spanish mothers in 2008 to 350,000 births in 2014, which meant a decrease of 60,000 births. This has caused natural growth of the Spanish take 3 years in negative, reaching in 2014 the negative record of 32,777 (350,555 births and 383,742 deaths).Despite the decline of 1.3 million immigrants, mainly due to the economic crisis, the immigrant population in Spain is 4.4 million (9.5% of the total population), this means that one in ten people in our country is an immigrant.
Million and a half more seniors young
Spain has become an old nation, because there are more than 1.5 million higher than young people. One in five Spaniards (18.5%) is greater than 65, and people over 80 are more than 2.7 million and represent 6% of the population. In addition, life expectancy is growing at an average of 1.3 years every 5 years, and life expectancy at birth is 83 years.
The low birth rate and increased life expectancy (greater population) has led to the increase in the average age of the Spanish population, which has exceeded 42 years and the collapse of the Spanish population pyramid. Thus, the population segment with the highest percentage has passed between the ages of 20-24 in 1996 to be of 40-50 years in 2015. According to the study, this demographic population aging scenario is historically unprecedented and , to follow this trend, the consequences of demographic winter in 2050 will be catastrophic. Specifically, one of three Spaniards (32.1%) will be over 65 years and one out of nine will be over 80 years, it reached 6 million people.
the population pyramid is inverted
In turn, the population pyramid will have reversed so that those over 80 years will be the largest age segment, and will be a great disproportion with respect to the active population, because for every three over 65s only be five people of working age. Given this scenario, from the Family Policy Institute made a number of proposals, including a compact state by birth and demography, development of a white paper on the birth rate in Spain, creating a non-permanent subcommittee on Congress to analyze the aging population and low birth rate in Spain. At the same time, they raise the creation of a sectoral conference birthrate and population; conducting public awareness campaigns, awareness and promoting the importance of motherhood and fatherhood, birth and pregnancy, and conducting surveys of regular and specific CIS on the needs and problems of Spanish families in general and in particular the situation of women and families at the time of pregnancy. Also, they ask for the increase in the provision of direct aid for dependent children up to the amount that reaches the average of the European Union; the annual update of direct and tax benefits to the CPI, thus avoiding inflation depreciation; and universalization of direct and current and future fiscal aid eliminating income limits that prevent access to such aid to most Spanish families.