Which Camera To Buy?

This innocent little question haunts me between messages that get more of those just starting out in photography. My response, though it seems radical, is simple: buy any.

A lot of people gets angry when I say such a thing and says that the camera does have influence on the quality of a photo. I can’t disagree: a cell phone camera offers less control and lower quality than a specialized equipment.

However, when we started, we still don’t know everything a camera does. For a long time is inevitable under-commit the full potential of queer.

I like to compare the photo to the profession of Cook: who is professional chef can make a good dish even in a homemade stove, but to work with it and put together a restaurant you will need to have a stove that allow more control over the result, as he needs to be more robust and strong enough to withstand constant use.

The person who is starting to cook can even buy an amazing stove, but that won’t help you at all, since you will be learning how to cut an onion. The 50 combinations of temperature, humidity and ventilation of the oven will not make any difference in this initial phase.

If you are starting the shooting won’t make a difference the camera you are using. Initially, the objective will be to learn the basics: chopping onions! Or, going back to photograph, measure the light, focus and compose. And that’s to do with any camera that has manual controls.

So, for those who want to begin to understand the concepts of photography, always suggest start with any camera that allows manual controls. The experience showed me that the best cost/benefit ratio is in buying more basic models and already used.

Of course if you have money left over, I can buy the more expensive stove soon: what you can’t do is think that it will be of some use in time chopping onions!

Types Of Cameras: Advantages And Disadvantages

I know very well that “any” has not responded to your question, so let’s look at the types of cameras that we find in the market today, looking at some important points: the image quality, the possibility to use different lenses, control of settings and portability.


Remember when cell phones started coming with camera? Well, these cameras have improved and some mobiles come in today in the category: quality cameraphones is so good that are considered mobile cameras, and not the other way around. The biggest advantage of this type of camera is that you probably already take everywhere, facilitating the daily practice of photography. The downside is that even getting a lot better a few times here, the quality still isn’t as high in large prints or in low-light moments.

Quality: (It’s almost useless in low light situations)
Exchange the lenses? No, but there are accessories to fit on your phone and play games.
Control of the settings? No, but you can do some ugly hacks with applications.
Portability: super portable.
Examples: Iphone, Samsung Galaxy, etc.

Of Pocket

These cameras usually have a better quality control and image compared to cameraphones. They are portable, but with a slightly higher quality and more settings options than cameraphones. The flash of these cameras is often powerful enough for portraits and are a great option for personal encounters.One of its biggest flaws is the interval between the click and the picture: lost exact moments because it doesn’t make the picture any time you hit that button.

Quality: Average (does not behave very well in low light and it takes time to do the photo.)
Exchange the lenses? No.
Control of the settings? Not much, but you can use default settings depending on the type of picture.
Portability: Super portable.
Examples: Sony cybershot, Nikon coolpix, Fuji finepix.


Also sold as superzoom bridge cameras, are considered as a middle ground between the Pocket and the professionals. Its biggest advantage is has more customizable settings ensuring enough control. However, does not permit the exchange of lenses and their sensors have a lower quality in critical situations, such as low light.

Quality: Average (does not behave very well in low light.)
Exchange the lenses? No, but it has one fine lens versatile with great zoom.
Control of the settings? Yes.
Portability: It’s not very portable.
Examples: Canon powershot, Sony alpha, etc.


Digital single lens reflex cameras are cameras that allow full manual control. Among them, have been around since input options (cheaper and smaller) until full frame options (that have larger sensors and with better quality.) I’ll talk more about sensors and their differences in the next topics. Are the cameras more used by professionals, at least until the popularization of the mirrorless, allow full control of settings, good usability of equipment and several options of interchangeable lenses. Its main disadvantage is the size and weight, especially when we have a kit with various lenses to load in the back.

Quality: Superior.
Exchange the lenses? Yes.
Control of the settings? Yes.
Portability: The camera and the lens are heavy and bulky.
Examples: Canon 7 d, Canon Rebel, Nikon D300, Nikon D90, etc


The mirrorless cameras are compact size, but with superior quality. Unlike the DSLR cameras, they do not have an optical device (with mirror and Prism), so are so small. Although it is a new technology, a lot of people already use them professionally. Its biggest advantage is to have a quality comparable to the larger cameras, but in a smaller size. This can be a problem for those who got used to how to hold larger cameras and also for those who like the optical viewfinder.

Quality: superior.
Exchange the lenses? Yes.
Control of the settings? Yes.
Portability: Super portable.
Examples: Sony alpha mirrorless, Panasonic lumix, Fujifilm mirrorless X-T1, etc

Medium Format

Are cameras that use very large sensors, offering superior image quality. Their prices are from the thousands of dollars. If you are starting out in photography and thinking about which camera to buy, probably this option is a lot of sand pro your truck.