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Why the Library is an Important Institution in the Future?

 
Over the past decade have come countless reports on public libraries in Denmark - about how they are being used, and how they should be arranged in the future. The public library has with its democratization of knowledge and information traditionally a culture-bearing institution in Danish society, and the library has first and foremost been a place where you could immerse themselves in books. The question has been how the library can maintain its central feature in tomorrow's digital world, where users are increasingly finding information and knowledge on the Internet and may no longer be read so many books.

Cultural Agency's report "Public libraries in the knowledge-based society" from 2010 stresses that the public library is a child of modern society, and that it has helped "support formation, empowerment, democracy and social mobility".

The same report stresses that the library today has got some new tasks. Firstly, the Library help citizens to get it skills so that they can fend for themselves in a future digitalized world. In future, all communication between the citizens and the public administration be done digitally. In addition, the report mentions that the library is increasingly to act as spaces for experiences and inspiration, just as the library should be a place where people can meet each other across ethnic, religious and cultural divides. The late modern society is culturally complex compound, according to the report, and we are constantly confronted with new knowledge and information as a result of rapid knowledge sharing of new media. In this context, the library can be an instrument for the citizen to navigate in the flow of information and impressions and be a platform, where there is room for both community and diversity. The report concludes, "that the library and its employees in the future must be able to create opinion between a diversity of values and understandings. And finally, contribute towards the experience society and customer communities to a greater extent to focus on both dissemination and user orientation.

How should the physical library function in the future?

There has been a discussion about the last decade, what will happen with the public library's physical space. Library Agency's Director Jens Thorhauge did in 2008 it is clear in an article in the newspaper Politiken, "Libraries will get fewer books", to the library in the future not only will house books, but also to a greater extent cultural activities (see sources): "the physical library and the book has a huge force, which must be grown, but not by miles of shelving. The books should be presented in topics that constantly changes, and it must be linked with the fact that something happens at the library. Multiple author events and more debates. "

The article came in the wake of the Copenhagen Main Library's decision to move large parts of their book collection in the depot in order to create more space for digital media and new and popular books. The resolution created the discussion, Berlingske Tidende and brought a few weeks later "nekrologen over the good old public library", where silence and contemplation will be ousted in favor of a new time-experience culture.

The publishing industry with gyldendals Director Johannes Riis in charge believes in contrast to management at Copenhagen main library and Jens Thorhauge, that libraries do not fulfil their obligation to disseminate literature, if not there is a wide selection of books on the shelves.

If you ask users, puts the emphasis on the fact that the physical book also in future have a prominent place in the library's space, but at the same time, the fact that they expect to be inspired and get experience when they come to the library. It shows a report from 2014, which has been drawn up for the think tank "future libraries". Figures from Statistics Denmark also shows a new behavior with library users in relation to the traditional use of the library. In recent years, there has been a tendency for the libraries have had more and more visitors, while at the same time they have experienced a decrease in lending of materials.


The debate has the "open directories"?

Library users across the country have thoroughly embraced the libraries extended opening hours with self-service, but when libraries began to introduce model, criticized several, that it was also a front for savings in the library area. For while the users good enough were able to borrow and deliver materials at their local library around the clock, in many cases, it also meant that the librarian's hours at the library became fewer.

It criticized the President for Librarian connected, Pernille Drost, in 2009 in the article "Lending: self-service libraries is smokescreen for cuts" (see sources): "self service can be an excellent Consolas, but in reality it is a front for savings and cuts on the entire library area [...] It fits perfectly with what we from the Librarian has said, namely that you linked has been articulated the library savings, as if the money stays in the system. "

The President believes that librarians are essential at the library in relation to mentor and advise users.

The public library should continue to be free?

As has been the case in relation to other welfare services in the Danish society, POPs question on user fees on the libraries regularly. public libraries have experienced large reductions in their budgets in recent years, and as a response has some libraries around the country aired the idea of user fees. This applies, among other things. Left-politicians on the island of Funen, which has proposed user fees on movies, music and other services apart from books.

But also Mayor of Nyborg Municipality Erik Christensen from the Socialists have supported the proposal that it should be possible for libraries that charge because he did not see the library as a core provision in the welfare society.

Payment principle in libraries is still a principle that is widely supported by politicians and scientists. Professor, Department of political science at the University of Southern Denmark Kurt Klaudi K says in an interview to the Fyens Stiftstidende, "there can be no democracy without an informed people" that user fees pills by a fundamental right in the Danish welfare society: "If we impose user fees on libraries, we are introducing a discrimination, which means that those who have the best advice, also have best access. It is contrary to the universal rights, as our welfare society is built around - so that, regardless of social status, gender, age, race, and so on must have equal access to society's goods.

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