Abidjan, Ivory Coast

Abidjan, Ivory Coast

According to abbreviationfinder, Abidjan is the main city and capital of the Ivory Coast, it is in turn the most important commercial and financial center of the country, it is also the capital of the homonymous department.

The city is built on the edge of the Ébrié lagoon, on various peninsulas and adjacent islands, connected by bridges. It has 3,796,677 residents according to the 2006 census, making it the most populous city in West Africa after Lagos (Nigeria) and one of the most inhabited on the African continent.

With the start of the civil war in 2002, the city went from being one of the most prosperous and peaceful cities on the African continent to one of the most dangerous on the continent, with a dangerous increase in crime and frequent uprisings against the foreign population..

History

With the construction of a new pier in 1931 the city experienced a moderate growth which increased when it was designated in 1933 as the capital of the French colony, then in 1951 the inauguration of the Vridi canal allowed an important growth of its port, which passed to be connected to the sea.

In 1983, Yamoussoukro was designated as the capital of the country but most of the government offices and embassies of foreign countries remained in Abidjan.

Geography

The city is located at 5 ° 25 ‘N and 4 ° 2’ W, and was built on the edge of the Ébrié lagoon, on various peninsulas and adjacent islands, connected by bridges. Its weather is warm

Population

It has a population of 3,796,677 residents (according to the 2006 census) but reaches 5,060,858 if the metropolitan area is taken into account, which makes it the most populous city in West Africa after Lagos (Nigeria) and one of the most inhabited on the African continent. See population of Ivory Coast.

Economy

Abidjan’s economy is based on its important port connected to the coast of the Gulf of Guinea, which is one of the main in the region. Its main industries such as food, automobile, textile and chemical also stand out, and within its most important sources of income we must reflect an important oil refinery.

Districts

Before 2002, Abidjan had the category of city but after the civil war the city was subdivided into ten communes, each with its town hall and its mayor. The city of Abidjan was in the department of Abidjan, made up of the city of Abidjan and three sub-prefectures outside the city. The department of Abidjan was in turn within the Lagunes region.

In August 2001, the city was dissolved by the new government and in its place the ten communes of Abidjan were merged with the three sub-prefectures that were beyond the city to create the District of Abidjan, whose limits coincide with those of the department from Abidjan. The 10 communes of Abidjan are: Abobo, Adjamé, Attécoubé, Cocody, Koumassi, Marcory, Plateau, Port-Bouët, Treichville, Yopougon.

Social development

Education

The city is home to the University of Abidjan, various technical institutes and the National Library.

Culture

The city is home to several museums. And among the most outstanding places are the Cathedral of San Pablo, the Municipal Museum of Contemporary Art of Cocody and the Forest Reserve of the Parque du Banco.

Other places of interest are: The district of Le Plateau, Abidjan’s business center, which is known for its skyscrapers, an unusual fact in West Africa.

Capital and most important city

Abidjan: Main port, capital and the largest and most populous city in the Mrfil Coast, Abidjan is located next to the Ebrié lagoon, separated from the Golgo de Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean by a sand barrier, called Vridi beach. The present capital was barely a village in 1898. The situation began to change in 1904 with the construction of the railway, making Abidjan the coastal terminus of the line. In 1934 it succeeded Bingerville as the capital of the French colonial empire.

Around 1950, ten years before independence, Abidjan became the commercial and financial center of French West Africa, thanks mainly to its port facilities and its railway.

Abidjan has a museum of traditional country art, a national library, and several agricultural and scientific research institutes. The capital currently has 2 million residents.

Yamoussoukró: Hometown of President Félix Houphouet-Boigny, it is located in the department of Buaké, in south-central Ivory Coast, approximately 274 km from the capital.

Due to the fact that it is the hometown of the country’s first president, Yamoussoukró is considered the second capital of the country. And in fact in 1983 the process of transferring the capital to Yamoussoukró began.

The city is home to the national headquarters of the ruling Mafil Coast Democratic Party and in the last decade it has become a major urban center, with good roads and public services.

Its main industrial activities are fishing, marine extraction and perfumery. But the city’s biggest attraction is its imposing basilica, Nôtre Dame de la Paix, the world’s largest Catholic temple, commissioned by Houphouet-Boigny and inaugurated by Pope John Paul II in 1990. The city has 120,000 residents.

Abidjan, Ivory Coast