Azerbaijan is a country of centuries-old history, deep traditions and strong morals. This is a kind of near east for Russia, where you can get acquainted with oriental traditions and philosophy, eat delicious halva, try the right pilaf and buy home a handmade patterned carpet, while speaking your native Russian. Azerbaijan is a place of cultural and natural wealth, colorful, original and unforgettable. The only healing oil in the world is pulled out from the bowels of the earth, the ancient architecture impresses with its history, and the mountain serpentines are dizzying.
Geography of Azerbaijan
According to smber, Azerbaijan is washed by the waters of the Caspian Sea, on land it borders on Russia, Georgia, Armenia and Iran. More than half of the country’s territory (86.6 thousand km²) is made up of mountains. The Caucasus mountains are located in the north of Azerbaijan, the Kura-Arak lowland is in the center, the Talysh mountains and the Lankaran lowland are in the southeastern part. The geographic involvement of Azerbaijan has not yet been precisely determined, some attribute it to the Middle East, some to Western Asia, someone generally believes that part of the country is already Eastern Europe.
The area of Azerbaijan is 86,600 km. sq., occupies the 112th place in the world by area.
The state currency is the Azerbaijani manat (AZN).
The official language is Azerbaijani.
Visa to Azerbaijan
Citizens of the Russian Federation and CIS countries do not need a visa to stay in Azerbaijan for up to 90 days. The rest can apply for an electronic tourist visa to Azerbaijan for a period of 30 days and a cost of 20 US dollars. Its confirmation takes no more than 15 days.
Weather in Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan has 9 out of 11 climatic zones that exist on the planet, so the territory is completely heterogeneous in terms of weather conditions and climate. In the coldest month of the year, January, the temperature here varies from -10°С to +3°С. In summer the difference is even greater from +5°С to +27°С. The absolute winter minimum in Azerbaijan is -40°С, and the absolute summer maximum is +45°С! The amount of precipitation in different regions varies from 200 mm/year in the mountains to 1200-1700 mm/year in lowlands. Such a variety of climatic zones makes Azerbaijan an ideal place for tourism, accessible throughout the year! Whatever month you come here, you can always find an area with a comfortable and pleasant temperature for relaxation. Traditionally, the tourist season in Azerbaijan is the period from April to October.
Currency exchange in Azerbaijan
In large cities of Azerbaijan, there will be no problems with the exchange of cash or the use of bank cards. There are also separate exchange offices, and ATMs (sometimes around the clock), and banks directly. The exchange rate in large cities is almost the same. In small shops and market stalls you will have to pay in cash, but in hotels, restaurants and large stores you can pay by card or cashier’s check. When withdrawing funds from an ATM, you can choose the currency: US dollars or Azerbaijani manat. Try to withdraw from an ATM and buy only the amount you want to spend in exchangers, the Azerbaijani manat is not the most liquid currency. If possible, have small bills; large ones can be difficult in small outlets.
Voltage 220/240V, 50Hz. Type C (typical European) and F (European grounded) sockets.
Islam is the official religion of Azerbaijan, it is preached by 99.2% of the local population. Most of them belong to the Shia branch of Islam, a minority – to the Sunni.
Azerbaijan is a safe country for tourists, it is enough to follow the standard rules of behavior, for example, not taking pictures of strangers on the street and not walking alone at night in remote areas. The Azerbaijanis themselves are very friendly and hospitable, the crime rate in the country is low.
Even tap water in Azerbaijan is suitable for drinking, but it is still recommended to drink bottled or boiled water. The healthcare system is well developed, pharmacies have all the basic medicines. First aid is provided free of charge. Traditionally, the Ministry of Health of Russia recommends that you be vaccinated against typhoid, polio, yellow fever, hepatitis A and B, tuberculosis, diphtheria and tetanus before traveling. In remote and isolated mountain areas, there is a theoretical risk of contracting meningitis and rabies.