Cyprus has long served as the center of Mediterranean trade, and in the Middle Ages this place was the intersection of many sea routes. On the territory of Cyprus there is an innumerable number of historical sights. A wonderful warm climate and a clean sea coast have allowed it to become one of the centers of world tourism. The area of the island is not too large, so if you wish, having spent quite a bit of time, you can fully get acquainted with the history and culture of this state.
Geography of Cyprus
According to collegesanduniversitiesinusa, Cyprus lies in the northeastern part of the Mediterranean and is the third largest among all the Mediterranean islands. The island is divided into two parts: Greek (Republic of Cyprus) and Turkish (Northern Cyprus). The northern part of the island is characterized by excessive indentation of the coast and rocky terrain, and flat sandy beaches in the south.
The area of Cyprus is 9,250 km. sq., occupies the 162nd place in the world by area.
The national currency is the euro (EUR).
The official language is Greek, Turkish.
Visa to Cyprus
Residents of Russia must have a visa to visit Cyprus. If you plan to fly to Paphos or Larnaca airport, then you can apply for a visa online. To do this, you must fill out a form on the website of the Embassy of Cyprus. After checking your application, you will be sent a unique number by e-mail, which must be presented at the airport in Cyprus, after which a special stamp will be placed in your passport. At the same time, personal presence at the Embassy is not required. If you have a valid Schengen visa and you have already visited the Schengen countries, then you can arrive in Cyprus with this visa. If you have a single-entry Schengen visa, then you can enter Cyprus only from the territory of the Schengen countries. You do not need a visa to enter Northern Cyprus. The only exception is the citizens of Armenia.
Weather in Cyprus
Throughout the year, the temperature on the island is kept at approximately the same level. The climate is Mediterranean subtropical. Winter in Cyprus lasts very little, at this time the temperature is +17 +19 C, and in summer +25 +35 C. Precipitation is very rare, usually most of it falls on December-February. It is best to come here in April-May or September-October.
In almost all cities of both the Turkish and Greek parts, the main mode of transport is a bus and a minibus, but it is worth considering that in the Greek part, buses run only until 17.00 on weekdays, on Saturday only until lunch, and on Sunday transport does not run generally. On the Turkish part, buses run daily until 20.00. Ordinary taxis can be easily taken on the street, or ask the hotel administrator to order one for you. You can often meet taxis outside shops and restaurants. When traveling by taxi, you should be careful, as there are quite frequent cases of cheating tourists on both parts of the island.
Currency exchange in Cyprus
As of October 2011, the national currency rate is 1 USD = 0.72 EUR. The official currency is the euro. In Cyprus, you can easily change currency at banks, hotels, post offices and ATMs. The exchange rate can vary significantly in different places, so it is better to choose in advance those places where a fixed percentage is charged from the exchanger (within 1-2%). In ATMs working with foreign currency, the commission is high – 3-4%.
240V/50Hz (English type sockets).
The island of Cyprus is clearly divided into two parts, where different ethnic groups live, so there are also two main religions here: Orthodox Christians live on the Greek part, and Sunni Muslims live on the Turkish part. There are small villages where these two religions still coexist.
The island has a high level of security, according to experts, crime here is six times lower than, in general, in Europe. However, you should be wary of scammers and pickpockets operating in crowded places.
If prior to arrival in Cyprus you were in an area where yellow fever is common, then you need to present a certificate stating that you have been vaccinated, otherwise you must undergo a medical examination. Both state medicine and medical services provided by private individuals are developed here. It is advisable to have health insurance.