Myanmar (Burma) is a relatively small state in terms of its area (its size slightly exceeds well-known Thailand). Many people are attracted by the mystery and mystery of this country, located on the Indochina peninsula (Southeast Asia). Over the many centuries of existence, Burma has become a real treasury of the values of ancient civilizations and cultural heritage. Nowadays, Myanmar is gradually becoming more and more attractive for any tourist. Several resorts with luxury services have appeared in the country, capable of competing with the leading and generally recognized European counterparts. This is the amazing and magnificent Inle Lake, the cities of Ngapali and Ngwe Sauna. And the nature preserved here in its original and untouched form will not leave indifferent not only eco-tourists.
Geography of Burma
According to Listofusnewspapers, Myanmar’s neighbors are Bangladesh and India to the west, China to the northeast, Laos to the east and Thailand to the southeast. The southern and southwestern part of the coast is washed by the Bay of Bengal and the Moutama Bay, as well as the Adaman Sea. By the way, an interesting fact with the name of the country should be noted: there are two of them – Myanmar and Burma. Locals call themselves “Bama”, and the name Burma of external origin and internally is not at all relevant. Since March 27, 2006, the capital of the state has been considered the city of Naypyidaw, which was rebuilt on the site of a small settlement in close proximity to Pyinmana. About the administrative division of the state, it should be said that Burma is divided into 7 districts (taying) and 7 states (pui-ne), which in turn are subdivided into regions (myone). Smaller administrative units – cities (myo), rural volosts (subdistricts).
The area of the country is 670,200 km².
About 48 million people live in Myanmar.
The official currency is Myanmar Chat (kyat) (MMK).
The official language is Burmese.
Visa to Burma
There are 3 types of visas to Myanmar: C – short-term, A and B – transit and D – national. The most common and easiest to obtain are short-term type C visas, this category also includes tourist visas. As for the terms of registration – there are no problems, as in most cases – 3 working days. Visa to Myanmar for Ukraine is handled by the embassy in the Russian Federation
Weather in Burma
The climate of the country is monsoonal and tropical. Two seasons a year are pronounced: dry from November to May (influence of the northeast monsoon) and rainy tropical from June to October (southeast monsoon). The temperature ranges from 16 degrees Celsius to 40-45 on hot summer days. Its topography also contributes greatly to the formation of the country’s climate. Precipitation is distributed very unevenly: if the resort area is characterized by 5000 mm per year, then the central regions often suffer from drought (about 1000 mm).
The huge advantages of Myanmar as a resort and tourist center include a developed transport network. Almost all types of transport known in the modern world are provided to the services of numerous guests of the country: sea, air, river, rail and road. An interesting fact is that airplanes and ships in Myanmar are the property of the state, and local residents buy tickets for them for chats, while foreigners can only pay in dollars and the cost of such a ticket will be many times higher. Also, a special card is issued here for foreigners, which indicates which cities entry will be closed to them. Not too good news for vacationers will be the lack of public transport in the country as such. But instead, cycle rickshaws will be very kind. Curious, that literally a few years ago they tried to get rid of auto rickshaws, but still a more economical, traditional, affordable and environmentally friendly mode of transport prevailed in the struggle for existence. Now, cycle rickshaws are a kind of symbol of Myanmar. They work like a taxi – you can catch it just by walking along the streets, but there are also specially designated places for mass parking. In a word, tourists are satisfied with this way of transportation. And for local residents to this day, the car remains really a luxury. In a word, tourists are satisfied with this way of transportation. And for local residents to this day, the car remains really a luxury. In a word, tourists are satisfied with this way of transportation. And for local residents to this day, the car remains really a luxury.
Currency exchange in Myanmar
Chat is the national currency. As of June 2011, 1 USD = 6.41 MMK. Banknotes in denominations of 100, 200, 500, 1000 and 90 pya and coins in denominations of 1 kyat, 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 pya are common. The American dollar is a freely convertible currency in major centers, shops and hotels. The pricing policy of many hotels is from $ 2 per night, a higher class and meals are about $ 10. Those who want something special – a day will cost from $ 25 to $ 300. Tipping is not perceived as a mandatory gesture. It is strictly not recommended to exchange currency on the street, as exchange scams are common. Be sure to immediately count all the money yourself after the exchange. You can exchange currency in banks or exchange offices, as well as in most hotels.
Local power supply services are stable and traditional for us: voltage 220 V, frequency 50 Hz. In hotels, you can easily find sockets of all known connectors.
Religion in Burma
The basis for religion is Buddhism (86% of the population), there are also Christians and Muslims (about 4% each).
You don’t have to worry about your safety. Most of the locals are very friendly and peaceful, even sometimes friendly and smiling. They believe that the white man is able to bring them good luck and happiness. Many will want to take a picture with you and even invite you to their own home. Even if we take into account the military regime introduced in the country, it can be unequivocally noted that for tourists it will not manifest itself anywhere and in no way. There are a lot of territories and cities that are closed for active visits by foreign tourists. But, as a rule, the main routes are laid far from these places. Remember also that you should not buy gems on the streets from merchants – this promises problems at the border with customs and a high probability that the stones will turn out to be fake.
Preventive action against malaria would be highly recommended. Cases of ascariasis, hookworm, trachoma, etc. are quite frequent. It is recommended to be vaccinated against hepatitis A, B and E, cholera, tetanus and poliomyelitis. As in other countries, it is worth taking extra care with water from the tap, as well as ice that is popular on the streets.