Albania Children and School
Education in Albania earlier
During the communist rule in Albania, the school system in the country was expanded. Above all, the government aimed to literate the population. So you wanted to get more people to read and write. In the 1950s, around 15 out of 100 people went to school, that doesn’t sound like a lot, but at least it was an improvement on the previous figures. 40 years later it was around 23 out of 100. Unfortunately, in addition to subjects such as German and math, there was also propaganda for the communist regime in schools, which tried to influence people politically.
Problems with education
As you may know, the planned economy in Albania has not been as successful as one would have liked. The state was spending less and less money on social projects and education. When the country moved from a planned economy to a market economy, there was hardly any money to pay teachers or to equip and renovate schools. To date, the state does not have enough money for the education of children. Therefore teachers are often very poorly trained and there is hardly any teaching material available.
The school system in Albania
The school in Albania can be divided into four levels. The first stage is pre-school education on a voluntary basis. Then comes compulsory school, which, as the name suggests, must be attended. Schooling is compulsory for children between the ages of six and 16.
The next level is the intermediate level, which often prepares you for the job. There is also the special school for children with learning difficulties. In a European comparison, Albania comes off worst of all countries. This is mainly because the government does not have enough money to train teachers and equip schools.
Grading system in Albania
The grading in Albania seems pretty strange. Instead of grades like 1 to 6, in Albania you are graded from 4 to 10. Anything worse than 6 will fail you. The closer the grade is to 10, the better the certificate. Confusing isn’t it?
Too few students, too few schools
As in other poor countries, the introduction of compulsory schooling is not enough to ensure that all children actually go to school. Less than half, namely only about 43 out of 100 children, still go to school at the age of 15. Instead of going to class, many children beg or work to support their families. Because so many people move to the cities, the few classrooms in cities like Tirana are completely overcrowded and a teacher has to teach 40 to 50 children at the same time. Check topschoolsoflaw to see schooling information in other European countries.
What does the privatization of universities in Albania mean?
Because many schools and universities in Albania are so poorly equipped, more and more wealthy Albanians are willing to invest a lot of money in a better education for their children. To this end, small groups set up their own private universities, for example. A law in Albania stipulates that half of all universities should be operated privately. For the state this is initially a relief, because it no longer has to pay for the schools itself. But in the long run it also brings problems.
At the moment Albania is doing very badly economically and well-educated people could help to improve the current economic situation. But when the universities are privatized, they are no longer free and not everyone can afford the tuition fee. So poor families no longer have access to higher education. That is why many in Albania are protesting for free access to education in the country, so that everyone has the same opportunities to attend school or university.
Women who dress up as men
It is estimated that a few dozen so-called “sworn virgins” still live in Albania. These women take on the role of head of the family in the family, which traditionally belongs to a male family member. In doing so, she renounces relationships with men, marriage and children.
Before these women can call themselves burrnesha, they must take an oath before the elders of the congregation. From then on, they behave and are treated like a man. They own weapons, go hunting, dress like men and are allowed to drink alcohol and smoke tobacco.
Why do some women in Albania do this?
In Albania it was and is still valid today that every woman should get married once. If a woman does not do this, she and her family are considered dishonored. However, if a woman becomes a burrnesha and thus in a sense becomes a man socially, she bypasses marriage. So if a woman in Albania does not want or does not want to get married, life as a Burrnesha offers an alternative. In addition, especially in northern Albania, women hardly have any rights and are oppressed (see also Problems).
Another reason is that because of the blood feud, many families lacked the male head of the family. Families kill the male members of another family in order to “preserve their honor”. Here, too, a burrnesha can take on the role of head of the family.