Andorra – key data
Area: 468 km²
Population: 84,825 (2011 estimate, CIA). Composition: Spanish 43%, Andorran 33%, Portuguese 11%, French 7%, others 6% (1998).
Population density: 181 people per km²
Population growth: 0.33% per year (2011, CIA)
Capital: Andorra la Vella (24,574 residents, 2007)
Highest point: Coma Pedrosa (Golem Korab) 2,946 m
Lowest point: Riu Runer, 840 m
Form of government: constitutional monarchy. Andorra has been sovereign since 1993, the constitution dates from the same year. Thathouses of Parliament(Consell General de las Valls) consists of 28MPs, the legislative period is 4 years. Andorra has been independent since 1278 and a sovereign state since 1993.
Administrative division: 7 parroquies (singular parroquia): Andorra la Vella, Canillo, Encamp, Escaldes-Engordany, La Massana, Ordino and Sant Julia de Loria
Head of State: Co-Prince Bishop Joan Enric Vives i Sicília (since May 12, 2003) and Co-Prince François Hollande (since May 15, 2012)
Head of Government: Head of Government Antoni Martí (since May 12, 2011)
Language: the official language in Andorra is Catalan, French and Spanish are also spoken
R eligion: mostly Roman Catholic
Local time: CET. Between the last Sunday in March and the last Sunday in October, Andorra has summer time (CET + 1 hour).
The time difference to Central Europe in both winter and summer 0 h.
International phone code: +376
Mains voltage: 240 V, 50 Hz
The small principality of Andorra – Principat d’Andorra – is located in a high valley of the eastern Pyrenees between France and Spain. With a total area of 468 square kilometers and around 83,000 residents, Andorra is the largest of the six European dwarf states Liechtenstein, Monaco, Malta,San Marinoand the Vatican and about half the size of Berlin. The principality has only been accessible from Spain via a pass road since 1913; From France, a trunk road was built in 1931 over the 2408 meter high Port d’Envalira to Andorra.
The north and east of the country is delimited by the main ridge of the Pyrenees of France, which also forms the west and south Mountain range the natural border with Spain, to which the deeply cut valley of the Valira has created a connecting road through the mountain range. The predominantly mountainous country has a geologically very diverse rock formation, the origins of which go back to Ice Age glaciers. The glaciers widened the once narrow valleys and deposited the debris and rubble they carried with them as moraines. This created a typical high mountain landscape with trough valleys, moraine walls and karen. About two fifths of the area of Andorra is above 2400 meters and over a third of the national territory is above the tree line. A little over sixty mountain peaks reach the 2000 meter limit, which Coma Pedrosa leads with an impressive 2946 meters as the highest peak in the country. Opposite is Andorra’s lowest point at 840 meters, which is located on the southern border with Spain near Sant Julià de Lòria. Below the bare mountain landscape, extensive pine forests alternate with pastures and meadows, the latter of which are mainly used for cattle, sheep and horse breeding. But Andorra’s main source of income is not only tourism but also trade and hydropower. While in the high areas of the principality only alpine mats thrive due to the rough mountain climate, which are replaced down the valley by coniferous forests with juniper and heather, in the lower areas of the country you can find Mediterranean-style vegetation with evergreen oak and pine forests.
The small state of Andorra has enormous hydropower, which it owes mainly to the two poor of the Valira. The Valira del Nord joins the Valira d’Orient in the middle of the principality to form the Valira River, which is used to generate electricity by means of hydroelectric power stations. The resulting amounts of energy not only supply the country itself, but are also exported to Spain as a lucrative source of income. The Arinsal and the Riu Madríu are also important rivers in Andorra. Most of the villages in the principality settled mainly along the Valira and in the high valleys of the two source rivers Valira del Nord and Valira d’Orient. The capital Andorra la Vella is a bit wedged in the valley of the Gran Valira at the eastern foot of the Pic d’Enclar.
Andorra – traveling in the country
Car: in Andorra the maximum speed in populated areas is 40 km / h and otherwise 90 km / h. It is important to mention the inconsiderate driving style of local drivers. In the capital Andorra la Vella, traffic jams are also a major problem. One way to avoid this is to use the bypass in the south of the city. Visit computerdo for South Europe Tourism.
Bus: from the capitalAndorra La Vella, six bus routes operate on routes along the country’s three main roads. Timetables are available free of charge from all tourist offices.