A member state of the United States of America located in the mountainous region of the Southwest of the country.
Arizona is bordered by Mexico in the south and is also bordered by the states of New Mexico in the east, Colorado in the northeast, Utah in the north, Nevada in the northwest, and California in the west. It covers an area of 295 000 km2 and has a population of 4,486,500 (2004). The capital of Arizona is Phoenix.
Are you interested in getting the list of public libraries in Arizona? On AllPublicLibraries.com, you can find a full list of Arizona libraries by county which are free. Also, you can check the following resources, such as county list, state abbreviation, and top schools in the state of Arizona.
- Countryaah: Offers a full list of counties and county equivalents in Arizona featuring the oldest, newest, largest and smallest counties by population and area, as well as county seals and political map of Arizona.
- AbbreviationFinder: Presents the abbreviations and acronyms that stand for Arizona. Also includes other English words or phrases that have the same initials as state name of Arizona.
Phoenix – an eventful past
For over 1000 years (around 1300) the Hohokam Indians lived in the area where today Phoenix is located.
They used the Salt River as irrigation for their agriculture. They built many canals, some of which are still preserved or have been expanded. It is believed that the Indians left this area due to drought and periods of drought. Most of them now settle in the Colorado River area.
At the beginning of the 19th century, Europeans came to this area to settle. The area became a popular destination for hunters as there were valuable beavers and otter furs to be found here. During the Revolutionary War, Arizona and the Salt River Valley were contested areas. However, there was hardly any active fighting and so the cities were largely spared.
After the American Civil War (1861-1865), people began to settle and build a city in what is now Phoenix.
They found optimal conditions and were able to use or renew the old canals to irrigate their fields. The city was eventually named Phoenix. The name refers to the fact that a new civilization had emerged from the remains of an old one.
In the 20th century, the area was developed more and more through the construction of many dams and more and more people settled here. In 1912, Phoenix was made the capital of Arizona, making it even more attractive to immigrants. During the Second World War, many weapons and war materials were produced here. In 1942 the city was shaken by strong unrest when after a boxing match there was a fight between supporters of the army of different skin colors. The military quickly began to violently counter this uprising, resulting in many deaths.
After 1950, the city became more and more popular with tourists and grew bigger and bigger as the climate attracted many people. For a long time, Phoenix was known for its high crime rates and violence. Today, however, the less popular parts of the city have also experienced an upswing.
Tucson – history and nature of a busy city
Tucson is a city in the United States and is located in the state of Arizona. Tucson is located on a plateau and is surrounded by several mountains or mountain ranges. It is the largest city in southern Arizona. The city is traversed by the Santa Cruz River. The river is dry most of the year and only carries some water during the summer monsoons. There is a dry desert climate here with extremely hot summers. The monsoons occur between June and July and bring most of the rainfall to Tucson.
The story: from Indians to the invention of air conditioning
The area of Tucson was settled by Indians early on. As early as 12,000 BC Paleo-Indians settled here. Remnants of their settlements have been found near today’s city center. Since then this region has been populated almost continuously.
In 1699 an Italian mission was founded here. The Jesuit missionary Father Eusebio Francisco Kino built a missionary station here (Mission San Xavier del Bac). Also an astronomer and cartographer, Kino made some important discoveries related to America and founded a number of missions throughout the region.
The actual city wasn’t founded until 1775. That year a fortress was built here by the Spaniards. For a long time the city was not a popular place to live for people. The dry, hot climate put many off. With the introduction of air conditioning, however, the population grew rapidly. While 8,000 people were still living here in 1880, it was already 120,000 in 1950. A number of former soldiers settled here, especially after the First World War, as the conditions here were particularly good for the treatment of respiratory diseases.
Today, a major problem in this region is sustainable water management. In these arid areas, water is a precious commodity that needs to be handled with care. Since there is only so little precipitation here, groundwater is mainly used here. However, this groundwater does not regenerate sufficiently. In the last hundred years, the groundwater has been used excessively and thus greatly reduced. Today, other aquifers are used, and water is drawn from the Colorado River to Tucson. These measures are intended to ensure a long-lasting water supply for the city.
Tucson and the surrounding area – A paradise for fans of the rugged landscapes
In and around Tucson, the landscape is determined by arid conditions. A number of different activities are available to the visitor here in the southwestern United States. For hikers there are large and small tours for every taste. Since Tucson is surrounded by mountains, there are a large number of hiking trails in the immediate vicinity of the city, which can offer every nature lover many unforgettable moments. In the north are the Santa Catalina Mountains, in the east the Rincon Mountains, in the south the Santa Rita Mountains, in the west the Tucson Mountains and in the northwest the Tortolita Mountains. Due to the extensive terrain and the variety of paths, long and rather shorter tours can be undertaken here, even if it is only intended for one day. In addition to hiking, there are also good areas for extensive climbing tours, cycling tours, riding out on horseback and there is also a lot to see for cave fans. The many mountains offer a variety of cave systems, some of which are very well developed for tourists. But there should also be a couple of quieter corners without crowds.
Tucson has a number of interesting things to offer that are interesting for every visitor. Since the history of the city and the life of today’s residents are closely linked to the climatic conditions, many of the museums and sights that are here revolve around the desert. So does the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum. In this museum not only the history is shown but also the nature, the animals and the plants that live in the desert. Due to the scientific orientation of the city, there are also some sights that deal with aviation. There are several places where old and antique airplanes can be seen, for example the Pima Air Museum. There are a large number of old military aircraft here. The is located close to the city Saguaro National Park. There are the famous giant cacti that are always worth a visit.
Tucson by night – a city full of student life
Tucson’s nightlife is largely influenced by its many universities and young people. Most of it takes place through them at bars, small music clubs and especially around University Boulevard. The area is easy to reach from most hotels and the city center and offers not only the typical nightlife but also more upscale clubs without a strong tourist influence. In addition to the bars, there are also numerous cinemas here and an international film festival takes place every April.
Public Libraries in Arizona by County
- Arizona Apache County Public Libraries
- Arizona Cochise County Public Libraries
- Arizona Coconino County Public Libraries
- Arizona Gila County Public Libraries
- Arizona Graham County Public Libraries
- Arizona Greenlee County Public Libraries
- Arizona Kane County Public Libraries
- Arizona La Paz County Public Libraries
- Arizona Maricopa County Public Libraries
- Arizona Mohave County Public Libraries
- Arizona Navajo County Public Libraries
- Arizona Pima County Public Libraries
- Arizona Pinal County Public Libraries
- Arizona Santa Cruz County Public Libraries
- Arizona Yavapai County Public Libraries
- Arizona Yuma County Public Libraries