Arkansas History

Arkansas History

Arkansas is a state in the United States. The state capital and largest city is Little Rock. In 2012, the state had 2.9 million residents.

Most of Arkansas’ eastern border is formed by the Mississippi River except in a small area where St. Francis River forms the boundary. Arkansas borders Louisiana to the south, Missouri to the north, Tennessee and Mississippi to the east, and Texas and Oklahoma to the west.

According to anylistintheus, Arkansas was admitted as America’s 25th state on June 15, 1836. Arkansas motto is Regnat Populus (English The People Rule, or in Danish: the people controls ).

During the American Civil War, Arkansas refused to become part of the Confederate States of America until Abraham Lincoln called in troops to respond to the Confederates’ attack on Fort Sumter, South Carolina, and Arkansas broke out of the Union on May 6, 1861.

Arkansas has many caves, and the Trail of Tears runs through the state.

TIMELINE:

1541 – The first European to arrive in Arkansas was the Spaniard Hernando de Soto, who made expeditions in the late 16th century.

1673 – The Jesuit father Jacques Marquette and the explorer Louis Jolliet were the first Europeans to explore and map the northern part of the Mississippi River. There they traded with the Quapaw towns “Akansae” and “Kappa”.

1686 – The Arkansas Post is established as the first white settlement on the Mississippi River.

1700 – French Catholic missionaries arrive to convert the local natives.

1721 – Colonists leave the Arkansas Post.

1738 – The French begin a two-year war against the Chickasaw Indians.

1811-12 – The New Madrid earthquakes first occurred on December 16, 1811 (2 times), and could be felt over about 130,000 sqm2 and nearly 3 million. sqm2. Then twice more on January 23, 1812, and February 7, 1812. Compared to the later San Francisco earthquake of 1906, this could only be felt over 16,000 sq. M2.

1817 – The first post office is built in Davidsonville ; The Cherokee Indians landed in northern Arkansas ; Fort Smith was established.

1821 – The capital, Arkansas Post, is moved to Little Rock.

1822 – The first steamboat on the Arkansas River reaches Little Rock.

1826 – The chickenpox epidemic reaches Arkansas.

1836 – Arkansas becomes the 25th state in the United States.

1859 – A signed law releases all slaves. Read here.

1862 – The battles of Pea Ridge and Prairie Grove take place, respectively. on 6-8. March and December 7th. The Union won.

1866 – Laws are approved, which deprive blacks of the right to sit on the jury and serve in the militia or attend public white schools.

1868 – Ku Klux Klan violence leads to a state of emergency in most of the state.

1876-1965 – The Jim Crow laws were a set of laws in the United States that were in effect in various U.S. states during this period. The legislation formally equated black and white Americans, but mandated a separation of the publicly accessible areas in which black and white Americans could move, such as schools, hospitals, buses, and restaurants. In fact, the laws meant that the black population suffered a number of disadvantages compared to the white population. The laws are a good example of racism, as much was done to prevent blacks from being in contact with whites.

1877 – A park is established in the town of Hot Springs. It was not until 1921 that the area was transformed into a national park, which is also the smallest park in the United States.

1887 – Bauxite is discovered southwest of Little Rock.

1906 – Diamonds are found near Murfreesboro.

1919 – Racial unrest in Elaine. Read more here.

1927 – Over one-fifth of the state is flooded by the Mississippi River.

1942 – Detention camps are set up for use by Japanese Americans from the west coast.

1957 – ” Little Rock Nine “, was a group of African Americans who went to Little Rock Central High School. A crisis arose as a result of students being prevented from entering the school by Orval Faubus, Arkansas’ governor, but President Dwight D. Eisenhower then deployed national troops on September 25 to escort the nine students. The event led to Little Rock’s high schools being closed for the rest of the school year. By the end of 1959, however, all high schools were open to everyone regardless of race.

1962 – The first Wal-Mart was opened in Rogers, Arkansas by the company’s founder, Sam Walton. Wal-Mart has been most strongly represented in the United States, but has expanded to South America and Asia (particularly China ). In Europe, Wal-Mart has been weakly represented, but has for a number of years worked to enter the market – this is i.a. occurred through acquisitions in Germany and the United Kingdom.

1992 – Bill Clinton is elected the 42nd President of the United States. With his 46 years at the inauguration was Bill Clinton the third youngest US president ever, only Theodore Roosevelt and John F. Kennedy were younger. Clinton was re-elected in 1996.

1994-2000 – The Whitewater case, was an investigation into whether the presidential couple Bill and Hillary Clinton in 1978-91 had been guilty of bribery, fraud and abuse of office in connection with a failed construction project in Whitewater, Arkansas. Neither congressional committees nor investigative judges could detect such illegalities. As a follow-up to the Whitewater case, the so-called Lewinsky affair followed, which in 1999 led to a federal lawsuit against Bill Clinton. Here, too, the president was acquitted.

2007 – A tornado injures more than 40 people, damaging dozens of homes and jobs in the town of Dumas.

2008 – On February 27, there were shootings at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock, in which two people were arrested after one person was shot and wounded. It was later decided that this had nothing to do with the “school shootings” as it did not involve students.

On October 26, four people went on a rampage in shootings at the University of Central Arkansas in Conway. Two were killed and one wounded. Read about more “school massacres” here.

2010 – A violent and rapid flooding on June 12, at the Albert Pike Recreation Area in Langley, killed 20 people. See pictures here.

2011 – The Mississippi River once again flooded, covering $ 1 million. barrels of land; 63 counties were declared disaster areas.

Arkansas History