Armenia Country Information
Armenia is a country of legends and biblical stories, a country of miracles and eternal discoveries. Armenian architecture is often real works of art, like a symphony, a symphony of stones. Armenia has hundreds of unique Christian monuments, waterfalls, mountains, and the most important wealth of the country is incredibly hospitable people. According to itypemba.com, Yerevan is the capital city of Armenia.
Armenia is one of the most ancient states of Transcaucasia and the first country to adopt Christianity as the state religion. Centuries-old Christian traditions are reflected in numerous monasteries, churches and khachkars (stone sculptures with crosses carved on them), the oldest of which date back to the 4th century AD. No less interesting are the ancient cities of the state, whose age reaches 3000 years, ancient fortresses and, of course, picturesque mountain landscapes abounding in deep gorges, turbulent rivers, waterfalls and lakes, among which is the largest lake in Transcaucasia – Sevan.
Armenia covers an area of 29.74 thousand square kilometers. It borders on Georgia in the north, Azerbaijan in the east, and Turkey in the west and south. Armenia is a mountainous country located on the Armenian Plateau, the average height of which is about 1800 m above sea level. In the South-West is the intermountain Ararat valley.
Continental dry. In the foothills, the average temperature in July is from +24 C to +26 C, in January +5 C, precipitation is 200-400 mm. per year, in mountainous areas the average temperature in July is from +18 C to +20 C, in January from 2 C to +14 C, severe frosts are frequent, precipitation falls up to 500 mm. More than 90% of the territory of Armenia lies at an altitude of over 1000 meters above sea level, which determines the climate of the country. In summer, tropical continental air masses invade from the Iranian Highlands, and in winter the air is very cold. In the Ararat Valley, the average monthly temperature in July is +25 +27 degrees, in January – -5-7. The best time of the year in Armenia is autumn.
It is 3.34 million people. More than a third of them live in Yerevan. 96% of the population are Armenians; minorities – Russians, Yezidis, Kurds, Assyrians, Greeks, Ukrainians, Jews and others.
The main part of the believers are Christians (monophysites) of the Armenian Apostolic (Orthodox) Church, as well as the Russian Orthodox Church, Muslims and other confessions.
Holidays and non-working days
- January 1 – New Year
- January 6 – Christmas
- January 28 – Army Day
- March 8 – International Women’s Day
- April 24 – Day of Remembrance of the Victims of the Armenian Genocide of 1915
- May 1 – Labor Day
- May 9 – Victory and Peace Day
- May 28 – First Republic Day
- July 5 – Constitution Day
- September 21 – Independence Day
- December 7 – Day of Remembrance for the Victims of the 1988 Earthquake
Armenian cuisine is an independent attraction of the country. One of the oldest in the world, it still preserves the centuries-old traditions of the Armenian people, deservedly considered one of the most original culinary traditions of the planet.
Armenian cuisine is greens (a lot of greens!), cheeses, vegetables, meat and, of course, lavash! Hundreds of types of herbs that any Armenian housewife with rare art uses for cooking are simply considered weeds in the rest of the world. And here, without them, neither an appetizer, nor cheese, nor a meat dish is inconceivable. And at the same time, the recipe at first glance is extremely simple – the products are minimally processed, vegetable oils are practically not used, and, of course, ready meals are accompanied by a huge amount of herbs and seasonings. From time immemorial, sour-milk “matsun” and its version diluted with cold water – “tan”, all kinds of salted vegetables and herbs, twisted cheese “chechil” and soft cheese “zhazhik” with herbs and green garlic, all kinds of salads with legumes, “shepherds”, “amich”, various pilafs – with pomegranate (“nrov plav”), with smoked fish (“plav aphtats dzkov”) or dried fruits (“chrov plav”), etc. One of the “most Armenian” dishes – Sevan trout “ishkhan khorovats” fried on a spit. Also good are “kutan”, “fish kchuch” and “ishkhan in wine”. Preliminary preparation of meat is complex and multi-stage, so all Armenian meat dishes have a completely unique taste.
Local sweets and confectionery are good – a traditional wide flatbread made of puff pastry stuffed with “gata” (kyata), “nazuk”, “yugatert”, cookies “nshablit”, “bagarj”, “shpot”, “sharots”, candied apricots ” shalakh”, dried apricots and figs, homemade halva stuffed with various nuts, sweet “sujukh”, numerous types of cookies with nuts and fruit jams, pies and various jams.
The country’s national drink is cognac. Since ancient times, Armenians have been able to make good wine, but nowadays its production has been significantly reduced, and it is mainly used only within the country. But the Armenian mulberry vodka, which is produced both industrially and artisanally (in almost every yard), is considered a healing drink, which also has a great taste. Of the non-alcoholic drinks, without a doubt, the most famous is “tarragon” (not at all what you can buy in a plastic bottle). The country’s excellent mineral waters and fruit juices are also very popular. Coffee and tea – on every corner and excellent quality.
The resorts of Hankavan, Arevik, Arzni, Vanadzor, Jermuk, Dilijan, Tsaghkadzor and others are famous throughout the Transcaucasus for their beautiful landscapes, mineral springs and healing mountain air. Only 10 km. to the north of the capital lies the famous balneological resort of Arzni, famous for its carbonic hydrocarbonate-chloride sodium mineral waters.
40 km north of Yerevan, in the picturesque valley of the Marmarik River, at an altitude of more than 1700 m above sea level, lies the once famous mountain resort Tsaghkadzor (1900-2100 m). There are about 12 km of ski slopes, several lifts, a large sports complex, several swimming pools (including a 50-meter indoor one), an athletics stadium, a stable, a sauna and many other sports facilities, as well as bars, restaurants and cafes with Armenian cuisine. and original folklore programs. Nearby is the monastery complex Kecharis (XII-XIII centuries).