Brazil Country Information
The jungle of the Amazon, the gold of the beaches of Rio de Janeiro, the delicate aroma of coffee, the roar of mighty waterfalls – all this, like a magnet, attracts millions of tourists from all over the world to Brazil. In addition, the beaches in the country are all world-famous (Copacabana alone is worth something), the sea is warm and clear, and Brazilian cuisine, like Brazilian women, is invariably spoken by tourists with a breath. According to simplyyellowpages.com, Brasilia is the capital city of Brazil.
Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Belo Horizonte, Fortaleza, Brasilia
Brazil is the largest country in Latin America, ranking fifth in the world in terms of area. The area of the country is 8.511.965 sq. km. In the north it borders on Guiana, Venezuela, Suriname and French Guiana; in the northwest – with Colombia; in the west – with Peru and Bolivia; in the southwest – with Paraguay and Argentina, and in the south – with Uruguay. In the east, southeast and northeast, the country is washed by the Atlantic Ocean. 93% of Brazil is in the southern hemisphere and 92% in the intertropical zone. In the north, the equator line crosses the country, and in the south, near the city of São Paulo, the Tropic of Capricorn. The highest point in Brazil – Neblin Peak (3014 meters high), is located in the north near the border with Venezuela.
The climate in the country is typical for tropical countries, it varies greatly in different areas: from equatorial to subtropical. On the coast of Brazil, you can drive all year round. Winter happens only in the extreme south (Sao Paulo and below), and even then, winter here is when the temperature can suddenly drop below + 10 °. The rainy season (in Rio – from January to March, in Salvador – from April to June) means, as a rule, not so much tropical showers as increased cloudiness, and also does not pose a particular hindrance to tourist trips. The “peaks” of the tourist season fall on the New Year and carnival (in February): hotels for this time are booked in advance, at least 4 nights – and are several times more expensive.
Cuisine and restaurants:
Brazilian national cuisine was formed from three, at first glance, poorly combined components: European, African and Indian culinary traditions. Popular in the country are “feijoada” (a kind of assortment of black beans, meat, vegetables, flour and spices), thick tutu puree from beans and meat, marinated and fried liver “sarapatel” with various sauces, sun-dried meat “carne- doo-sol.” In the Amazon, the cuisine is purely Amerindian, with little or no European influence, giving its dishes an original taste. Dozens of types of soft drinks from fruits and fruits of the rainforest are produced throughout the country. Of the alcoholic beverages, beer is popular (many connoisseurs consider Brazilian varieties to be the best on the continent), rum, cachaca vodka (more similar to moonshine) and lemon caipirinha cocktails.
Entertainment, excursions and attractions in Brazil
Rio de Janeiro (“January River”) is the former capital and most visited city in Brazil.
Sao Paulo is the largest industrial center not only in Brazil, but throughout Latin America. The Museum of Modern Art, the Pakaembu stadium, where the “king of football” Pele often performed, as well as the Butantan snake reserve, are of interest there.
Brasilia is a “airplane city”: the center of the “fuselage” occupies the Three Powers Square, the “wings” are residential areas, and in the very “nose”, away from the center, is the Aurora Palace – the residence of the President of the Republic.
Attractions of the city of Manaus, the capital of the state of Amazonia: Museum of the Indians, City Theater (1896), the colossal Palacio Negro Palace, the Church of San Sebastian, the Museum of Man, the Numismatics Museum, the Teatro Amazonas Opera House, numerous floating markets, as well as many magnificent houses decorated with blue azulejos ceramics. 12 km from Manaus, a unique natural phenomenon is observed – the confluence of the Solimoes and Rio Negro rivers, whose waters do not mix with each other at all due to different densities, but flow side by side with colorful ribbons for a hundred kilometers.
Iguazu Falls are a real wonder of the world, they are located in the Iguazu National Park at the meeting point of the Parana and Iguazu rivers, on the border between Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay, and are an impressive sight of cascades of water falling from a height of 72 meters up to three km wide. The sound of the waterfall can be heard for many kilometers, and huge whirlwinds of spray create a rainbow of extraordinary beauty. A little less known is the Guaira waterfall (or Seti-Kedas) on Paran.
The city of Salvador is famous for the richness of its churches and the beauty of its historical buildings, crazy festivals and rich history. The sights of the city include the historic quarter of Pelourinho, the old port of Barra (Vila Velha), the Afro-Brazilian Museum, the Museum of Carlos Costa Pinto, the Museum of the Carmelite Order, the Medical Memorial, the Abelardo Rodriguez Museum.
Recife, the capital of the state of Pernambuco, is located 835 km north of Salvador. This city is often compared to Venice. Olinda is located 7 km from Recife, one of the best preserved colonial cities in Brazil, famous for its old quarter, which is under the protection of UNESCO.
Belo Horizonte is the first city in the country that was created from scratch, thus paving the way for the modern capital. The historical museum of Abilio Bareto, the Palace of Liberty and the religious center of Congonhas do Campo, 80 km from the city with the famous “cross road” of 78 statues, are of interest here.