China Country Information
China is a country where everyone can feel like a moneybag. For example, he bought himself a collectible Rolex for ten bucks and a pair of Levi’s, but a little more expensive, for twelve dollars. Then, having eaten excellently and inexpensively, go to look at a dozen or two sights (with a strange UNESCO postscript). Well, only then, having ample amusement of the pride of a wealthy white man, take care of yourself on the island of Hainan. And to make sure that the phrase “You can’t save on your health” was said by a person who obviously had never been there. According to itypemba.com, Beijing is the capital city of China.
The Chinese economy, despite the global crisis, swine flu and global warming, is growing at a monstrous pace, which in turn has a beneficial effect on the tourism industry. New hotels are being built in Hainan, exhibition centers are expanding in Hong Kong, cultural monuments are being restored, and Macau’s casinos are getting richer and richer. For tourists, this also turns into solid pluses: prices remain “at the level”, and the choice of accommodation and entertainment is more and more extensive.
In addition, two completely different architectural styles miraculously coexist here: huge concrete and glass monsters of skyscrapers overwhelming with their size and small houses with sloping roofs, figurines of lions and incense.
Geography of China
In terms of its territory, China ranks third in the world, behind Russia and Canada. Its area (9.6 million sq. km) is almost equal to the area of Europe. The eastern and southern parts of China are washed by the Pacific Ocean, forming a maritime border 18,000 km long. The area is dominated by lowlands. In the western part of the country there are endless deserts, the world’s largest plateaus and the highest mountain ranges. The landscape of northern China is represented by vast Mongolian steppes. Mountainous regions account for more than 2/3 of the country’s area.
The world’s highest peak is located in China – Chomolungma Peak, whose height is 8848 m. The main water arteries of the country are the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers. The Yangtze is the second longest in the world after the Nile. China borders on Russia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and other East Asian states. China’s western border is with India, Afghanistan and Nepal, the south with Vietnam, Bhutan, Laos and Myanmar, and the northeast with North Korea. At sea, the country borders the Philippines and Japan.
Climate of China
The climate in different parts of the country, stretching along three climatic zones, varies greatly: from temperate continental with hot summers and harsh winters in the west and north to subtropical in the central regions of the country and tropical monsoon on the southern coast and islands. Humidity is very high in summer in many central and southern regions. The average temperature in the northern regions in winter is about -7 ° C (not uncommon -20 ° C), in summer it is about +22 ° C and it is quite dry. In the central part of China in winter from 0 ° C to -5 ° C, in summer – about +20 ° C. In the southern regions in winter from +6 °C to +15 °C, in summer – above +25 °C.
The best time to travel to China is late spring (April and May), as well as autumn from September to October, (in the south from November to December). But on the island of Hainan it is quite possible to travel all year round. The average annual temperature there is +28 °C, sea water temperature is +25.6 °C.
The import of the national currency is limited to 6000 RMB. Import and export of foreign currency is unlimited. If during the stay in China the tourist has not spent all the local currency, before leaving he can exchange it back for the desired foreign one by presenting a certificate of the original exchange (such a certificate is valid for six months). Duty-free import of 400 cigarettes, 100 cigars or 500 g of tobacco, 1.5 liters of alcoholic beverages, household electrical appliances and other household items is allowed – up to 2000 RMB. Personal items are imported duty-free, as well as cameras, portable tape recorders, portable video cameras and laptops – one item per tourist if their value does not exceed 5000 RMB (things must be presented upon departure). Citizens arriving and departing from airports in China, must report on their valuables and other goods in a special customs declaration. The rules do not apply to children under 16 accompanied by adults, and to persons not subject to customs inspection. The import of weapons, pornography, explosives, drugs and poisons is prohibited. It is forbidden to export historical documents, valuable objects and works of art, as well as paintings and graphics without a store receipt confirming the legality of the purchase, or an export permit from the Chinese Administrative Department for Cultural Property under the Ministry of Culture of the PRC. In Macau, the import and export of currency values, including casino winnings, antiques, antiques and art, gold and jewelry, and electronics is not limited.