Denmark Children and School
School in Denmark
Two thirds of Danish children attend a day nursery between the ages of six months and two years. 94 percent of the children then go to daycare at the age of three. All children have to attend preschool for one year.
Danish children go to school together for nine years. This is called elementary school, in Danish: Folkeskole. Students do not receive any grades until 7th grade. The Folkeskole ends with a final exam, the FSA. This is the abbreviation for: Folkeskolens Afgangsprøve. The pupils can still do 10th grade voluntarily. Or they switch to high school. After a further three school years, the Danish Abitur can be obtained there, i.e. student-approved. Around a quarter of Danish students attend a private school.
The Folkeskole subjects are those that are also taught in Germany: math, biology, geography, history or English. In addition, Danish children have lessons in Danish (just like you in German). A curriculum with specific goals is developed for each student. On average there are only 20 students in a class, more than 28 are not allowed.
The Danish pupils also get grades, from -3 to 12 points. With -3 or 0 you did not pass. You have passed with 12, 10, 7, 4 or 2 points. 12 points would be a 1+ in the German grading system. Check searchforpublicschools to see schooling information in other European countries.
There is also the Efterskole. This is a boarding school for 8th to 10th grade students. After all, 15 percent of Danish children attend such a school. In German the name means “Nachschule”. It was originally a school that began after compulsory schooling was seven years old. Coexistence plays an important role here. Creativity is often particularly encouraged. There are many offers for art, music and theater.
Children in Denmark
Girls born in Denmark are often called Sofia, Ida, Isabella or Emma. Freja, Anna and Caroline are also popular first names.
Danish boys are often baptized William, Lucas, Victor or Noah. Frederic, Emil and Liam are also popular. When Ida and Emil meet, they say “Hey!” – that means “hello” in Danish.
One of the most famous toys that you’ve probably played with comes from Denmark: Lego ! The small building blocks have been around since 1949, but they looked a little different back then. Since 1959, the stones have had the shape they still have today. The name is derived from “leg godt”, which is Danish and means “play well”.
The first Legoland also opened in Denmark in 1968: a large amusement park that not only features wild carousels and roller coasters, but also Miniland. World-famous buildings on a scale of 1:20 to 1:40 were recreated here from 20 million Lego bricks.
But Danish children don’t just like to play with Lego. Because the water is so close from almost everywhere, they also like and like to batheWater sports. Football is also very popular in Denmark.
Hans Christian Andersen knows every Danish child. He lived from 1805 to 1875 and he is arguably the most famous poet in the country. He wrote a lot of fairy tales. Perhaps you know one of these: “The Ugly Duckling”, “The Emperor’s New Clothes” and “The Princess and the Pea” are the most famous.
And what do Danish children like to snack on? Soft ice cream and liquorice !
Childcare in Denmark
Danish children are entitled to care in an institution from the 26th week of their life, i.e. the 7th month. Almost 70 percent of Danish parents both work full-time – in Germany it is only 25 percent. This applies to households with children under the age of 14; the figures are from 2014. Childcare has a much longer tradition in Denmark than here. There are hardly any closing times during the summer holidays, so that the children can be looked after in the day care center or in the after-school care center.
How do Danes celebrate Christmas?
Advent wreaths and advent calendars are just as common in Danish families as they are here. The calendar candle is also an advent custom. It is divided into 24 sections and will be burned down until Christmas Eve. In addition, cookies are baked in the run-up to Christmas, for example gingerbread.
From Sweden, the Lucia festival has also spread to Denmark. It is celebrated on December 13th. Lucia can be a girl. She is accompanied by other girls. They all wear white robes and wreaths with candles in their hair. They come to schools or factories and sing songs.
Christmas means Jul in Danish. Christmas Eve is then Juleaften. The living room is decorated and the Christmas tree is set up. As with us in Germany, these are the gifts. Often red and white braided Christmas hearts hang on it, the Julehjerten that the children made. Sometimes the trees are decorated with small Danish flags. Many families have roast pork, duck or even goose to eat. There is also potatoes, red cabbage and brown sauce.
Traditionally, there is almond milk rice for dessert. A whole almond is hidden in it. Anyone who finds them will receive a small present, for example a marzipan pig. You can find a recipe for this in the participation tip !
After dinner there is dancing around the Christmas tree, the Juletrae. Christmas carols are sung, for example “Nu er det jul igen” and “Et barn er født i Bethlehem”.
A bowl of red fruit jelly is placed in the attic or in front of the door for Christmas. Who that is? Nits are goblins, little guys with white beards. The Christmas nibs helps Santa Claus and expects a gift from the families in return…
Glædelig jul – Merry Christmas!