Dodoma, Tanzania

Dodoma, Tanzania

According to abbreviationfinder, Dodoma is the third largest city in Tanzania and capital of the African country, it is also the capital of the Dodoma region. The city covers an area of 2,669 km² and is located at 1,135 meters above sea level, it is located between the coordinates: 6 ° 10′19 ″ S 35 ° 44′29 ″ E ?.

The name of the city is derived from the word “Idodomya”, which in Chigogo means “has sunk” which according to legend comes from the story of an elephant who came to drink water from a small river that passed through there, and he got stuck in the mud and at the end in his tireless struggle to get out little by little he sank into the mud until he disappeared and the villagers, seeing that scene before their very eyes, exclaimed in amazement “idodomya!” and it is from then on that the place was known as Idodomya, the place where the elephant “has sunk” and has remained thus recorded in history to this day.

Dar es Salaam was the former capital of the country but in 1974, it was decided to move it to Dodoma. However, most government offices continued to function in Dar es Salaam and the headquarters of the National Assembly was transferred in February 1996.

History

Dodoma was founded in 1907, around the time the Central Tanzania Railroad was being built under German colonial rule in East Africa. After World War I the British occupied the region and Dodoma became the administrative center of the entire region until in 1964 Tanzania achieved independence.

In 1974, by means of a Referendum, it was decided to move the capital of the country that until now was located in Dar es Salaam and the reason for the new location was the location of Dodoma in a central area of the country, which facilitated a better operation of everything. the state and government, however the National Assembly of Tanzania, did not move until 1996 and still most government offices remain in the former capital.

Geography

The city is located in the center of the country 486 kilometers west of the old capital, specifically between the coordinates: 6 ° 10′19 ″ S35 ° 44′29 ″ E, and at a height of 1,135 meters above sea level (meters above the level of the sea), covering a total area of 2,669 km².

Climate

Annual mean maximum temperature: 29 ° C Annual mean minimum temperature: 16.4 ° C Annual mean temperature: 22.7 ° C Annual mean rainfall: 579mm

Population

Dodoma has a population of 180,551 residents of which 48.5% are men, while 51.5% are women. See population of Tanzania.

Tanzania

Economy

It is in a stage of underdevelopment due to the lack of infrastructure for industrial growth and the occupation of more than 4/5 of the active population in the agricultural sector, in which subsistence agriculture predominates. Agriculture (38% of GDP, 5% of the area) has export-oriented plantations, whose crops provide banana, papaya, sugar cane, coconut for the production of copra, coffee, tobacco, cotton, sisal, tea, spice cloves and peanuts, while subsistence farming contributes cassava, sweet potato,irrigated corn, millet, sorghum and rice, insufficient to cover domestic demand. The unprofitable raising of cattle, sheep and goats is traditionally practiced by the Maasai. Fishing contributes a significant part of the food base and is practiced mainly in the lakes. There is a little prominent mining production of gold, diamonds, tin and salt. The industrial sector, poorly developed, has factories located in Dar es-Salaam: an oil refinery, textile plants for the production of sisal (ropes and sacks), cement plants and agri-food industries (sugar, beer, clove oil and cigarettes). There are also factories for the first handling of wood, supplied by forest areas (more than 40% of the surface) rich in ebony, cedar and bamboo. Cloves and coffee are the main exported products, which also include tea, cotton, sisal and tobacco, while oil accounts for more than 50% of the value of imports. The main customers and suppliers are the EEC, USA and Japan. 75% of the energy is hydroelectric, although development is insufficient in this sector as well. Adding to the serious problems in the Tanzanian economy is a poor road network, most of which are in poor condition. A notable tourist flow runs through the tracks of the inner region of Kilimanjaro and the reserves (Selons, Ruaha, Serengeti). There are two railways linking Dar es-Salaam with the mining area of Zambia and the northern region of Lake Tanganyika-Mwanza. The most important ports are Dar es-Salaam, Tanga, Mtwara on the Indian Ocean and Mwanza on Lake Victoria. The international airport is located in Dar es-Salaam.

Culture

The Asian population constitutes a significant minority, especially in towns and cities. Europeans (descendants or expatriates) make up a smaller minority. Most of the residents that do not correspond to the Bantu, belong to the Masai (whose language is Nilotic), and they populate the northeast of the country. The most widely spoken languages ​​are Swahili and English; the second is the most used in commerce. Similarly, there are a large number of tribal languages such as Aasax that reflect the ethnic diversity of the nation. Beyond large populations, English speakers are scarce, unlike Kenya. Zanzibar’s Swahili is claimed to be much purer than elsewhere, and quite a few travelers head to the island to learn it. The majority of the population professes either Christianity or Islam; Hinduism is practiced by a quarter of its residents. The bulk of the Muslims are concentrated along the coast and on the islands. Compared to Islam, Christianity took a long time to make its mark, and even then (during the XIX century) was only practiced by various tribes in the interior. Today, numerous clans remain that do not follow any of the major religions and that revere the ancient spirit of their cult. The Maasai believe in the god Engai and in their messiah Kindong_oi, the progenitor of the priests of their creed. At present, and it is claimed, there is no religious bias in the civil and political administration of the country.

Dodoma, Tanzania