Ecuador Country Information

Ecuador Country Information


Most of the self-sufficiency and domestic economy products come from the Sierra.

On the Costa, bananas, coffee, cocoa and sugar cane are grown for export, which are then processed by the industrial sector.

However, 35% of the country’s revenues come from oil production. The oil is pumped from the Amazon with a pipeline over the Andes to the coast to Esmeralda, where it is shipped. Another high-growth branch of the country is fishing or shrimp farming. However, aquaculture causes considerable damage to the mangrove stocks.

A new branch of industry has arisen through the cultivation of cut flowers. The steep angle of incidence of the sun’s rays makes it possible to grow flowers, especially roses, on a large scale. Ecuador exports 70% of the cut flowers to the USA.


Ecuador currently has memberships with the World Trade Organization (WTO), the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).


About 14 million people live in Ecuador today. A special feature is the high number of Indian descendants as well as mixed race between Indians and whites, who are called mestizos. This population group makes up approximately 40% of the population of Ecuador. Many of them still live in the Amazon rainforest and in the Andes. Due to the strong population growth, the Indian families still living traditionally are forced to leave their traditional farmland, as otherwise they could no longer feed their families. The erosion of the fields on the mountain slopes is also causing the Indian population to migrate from the Andes to the cities. They are forced to look for work in the plantations or in the big cities with their industrial centers. In Quito and Guayaquil now live around a quarter of the total population. 15% of them are white, 5% black or mulatto. Ecuador also has an exceptionally high rate of emigrants all over the world, as poverty is very high. Religion

Due to the influence of the Spaniards, around 90% of the population is Roman Catholic. Protestants, Muslims, Jews and natural religions form the minority.


The official language in Ecuador is Spanish. The indigenous population prefers their tribal language Quechua, which can have different colors in the individual regions. The old Indian language has been preserved in its purest form among the tribes in the Amazon lowlands, as they had little contact with the outside world due to the Andes ridge. Visit securitypology for Ecuador Arts and Literature.

English is also understood in hotels, at the airport and in other institutions that are important for tourism.

Food and drink

The most widespread is probably rice with chicken or fish or seafood. Coriander is used to spice a lot in Ecuador. Anyone who has always wanted to know what guinea pigs (“ cuy ”) tastes like has come to the right place. It is usually grilled whole and then served with peanut sauce. Another traditional dish is “ ceviche ”, which is seafood with lemon sauce.

You can drink fresh juices almost everywhere, but they are often very sugary and should therefore be ordered with less sugar. There are also drinks such as “ colada morada ” (bright red Indian drink made from corn and fruits) or “ paico ” (lime mix drink).

Money / currency

Please note: shops and banks no longer accept 100 and 50 dollar bills, as counterfeit money has repeatedly been in circulation. Please note this when importing US dollars in cash.


To enter Ecuador, travelers need a passport that is valid for at least 6 months after entry. No visa is required for stays of less than 90 days. Children need their own passport. It is also compulsory to show travel health insurance for the duration of your stay.

Medical advice

Current information on vaccinations can be obtained from your family doctor or on the website of the Center for Travel Medicine (CRM).


The voltage is in Ecuador at 110/120 V. An adapter is therefore urgently required.

Security / drugs

The Federal Foreign Office has the current travel advice for Ecuador available on its website

There is an urgent warning against drug use and trafficking, even in the smallest quantities. Violation threatens high penalties between 4 and 16 years. Since there is no extradition agreement between Germany and Ecuador, the sentences must be served in Ecuadorian prisons!


In Germany:
Embassy of the Republic of Ecuador
Kaiser-Friedrich-Str. 90
10585 Berlin
Tel.: (0 30) 2 38 62 17

General and honorary consulates also in Bremen, Frankfurt / M., Hamburg and Munich

In Austria:
Embassy of the Republic of Ecuador
Goldschmiedgasse 10
1010 Vienna
Tel: (01) 5 35 32 08

In Switzerland:
Embassy of the Republic of Ecuador
Ensingerstr. 48
3006 Bern
Tel: (0 31) 3 51 17 55

Honorary consulates in Geneva, Lugano, Puidoux-Gare and Zurich

For written inquiries, please enclose a stamped return envelope (DIN A5)!

Ministry of Foreign Affairs:

In Germany

Foreign Office
Citizens Service
Unit 040
11013 Berlin
Tel: (0 30) 50 00-0

In Austria:

In Switzerland:

Frequently asked questions about Ecuador

What are the entry requirements for Ecuador?

German citizens require a passport that is valid for at least 6 months upon entry if the stay does not last longer than 90 days.

What vaccinations do you need to travel to Ecuador?

No vaccinations are required when entering Germany directly. A valid vaccination against yellow fever is required for all travelers older than 12 months when entering from a yellow fever area (e.g. neighboring countries). A yellow fever vaccination is recommended when traveling to provinces in the Amazon (Orellana, Morona, Napo, Pastaza, Sucumbíos and Zamora) and other areas east of the Andes. In addition, vaccination against tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough (pertussis) and hepatitis A is recommended for stays in Ecuador, and against hepatitis B, rabies and typhoid fever for long-term stays over 4 weeks. We definitely recommend taking out health insurance abroad with repatriation.

Ecuador Country Information