Egypt Country Information

Egypt Country Information

Probably no other country in the world has such a long history as Egypt, which Herodotus called “Gift of the Nile”. The history of Egypt has more than 5 millennia. This is a country of myths and intriguing mysteries, the cradle of an ancient civilization, an amazing country of contrasts, which, on the one hand, has preserved a huge number of majestic architectural monuments that amaze the imagination of people from all over the world, and, on the other hand, has given rise to the splendor of resort towns. The combination of the land permeated with the spirit of history and fashionable hotels in resort areas gives the feeling of a fairy tale. But the great pyramids, the mysterious Sphinx and the sacred Nile are not the only pride of Egypt. This is a country of unique nature, endless deserts and fabulous mirages. The swimming season here lasts all year round, and unreal peace emanates from the endless sandy beaches.

Official name: Arab Republic of Egypt
Geographical position:
Egypt is located in the northeast of Africa and the Sinai Peninsula in Asia. It is washed by the Mediterranean and Red Seas, borders Israel, Sudan and Libya
Main river: Nile
Head of State: President
Capital: Cairo
Area: 1001.4 thousand sq. km
Population: about 69.5 million people
Official language:
Egyptian dialect of Arabic
(Most Egyptians in towns and resorts can easily communicate in English)
Islam (93% – Sunni Muslims, 7% – Coptic Christians). Islam has a great influence on the life of society. Egyptian legislation is based on the code of Islamic law
mostly tropical desert. Warm and dry. Average annual air temperature +26 C, water in the Red Sea +23 C
Monetary unit:
Egyptian pound. There are 100 piastres in one pound. Freely exchanged for dollars and other convertible currencies in hotels, banks and exchange offices.
1$ USD = 3.8 Egyptian pounds.
Mains voltage: 220 V
(Wall sockets for two pins. The adapter can be taken at the reception of your hotel) contrary to the norms of Islam, morality and morality. It is strictly forbidden to export corals and other marine flora and fauna. If you violate this prohibition, you will be fined. Be prudent!
purchased at the airport upon arrival in Egypt


And the Lord said to Moses: “Take off your shoes from your feet, for the place on which you are standing is holy ground”, “And the Lord descended on Mount Sinai” (Exodus, chapters 3,5,19). Since then, the Sinai Peninsula has remained a special place. It doesn’t matter what religion you are, it doesn’t matter if you believe everything that is written in the Old Testament or other sacred books, because at Sinai you will be pierced by a keen sense of those ancient historical events.

The land of charms, the land of legends and legends, the realm of greatness and oblivion, “a God-given place”. Some scholars argue that the word “Sinai” comes from the Semitic “sen”, which means “tooth” – in the shape of its mountains. Others believe that from the moon goddess Sin, who was worshiped by the prehistoric inhabitants of the desert. Be that as it may, enchanted and inspired by the beauty and grandeur of Sinai, people created one of their best creations, breathing life and soul into it, filling it with happiness and warmth. And they called him a name as light as the rustle of a sea wave, a name that has flown around the whole world, one of the few fairy tales that has become a reality – Sharm el-Sheikh, a living legend of Sinai!


Cairo, the largest city in Africa, a metropolis of 14 million, which swallowed up several cities of different eras – ancient Heliopolis and Egyptian Babylon, medieval Fostat. It is called the city of “Thousand Minarets” and “Gate of the East”. It is in it that the achievements of the culture of all 6000 years of Egyptian civilization are concentrated. Divided by the Nile and surrounded by sands, Cairo contains both the old and the new history of Egypt. The city came close to the Great Pyramids of Giza and the Great Sphinx. In their proud appearance, the idea of ​​immortality, power and power of the pharaohs is embodied.

In the evening, witnessing the fantastic “sound and light” performance, being on the edge of the Libyan desert, in the atmosphere of the African night, you will undoubtedly feel the meaning of the Arabic proverb: “The world is afraid of time, and time is afraid of the pyramids!”

Modern Cairo is also famous for its unique Egyptian Museum, in which there are more than 100 rooms, each of which is full of stunning masterpieces of antiquity (exhibits from all the dynasties of the Pharaohs, the golden mask of Tutankhamun, etc.)

Continuing the tour – the famous citadel of Saladin and the Mohammed Ali Mosque or the Alabaster Mosque, then the Cairo Institute of Papyrus, the perfume factory of the famous Egyptian fragrant oils, the Khan el-Khalili bazaar…


A magnificent open-air museum, a treasury of monuments, in front of which you stop in involuntary awe. Luxor (Al-Uqsor) is located on the site of the ancient capital of the “city of palaces” Thebes.

It is believed that not to visit here – not to see Egypt! In modern Luxor on the east bank of the Nile, in the “city of the living”, two grandiose temples meet the dawn: Luxor and Karnak.
On the west bank of the Nile, the sunset casts shadows over the famous “city of the dead”. On the edge of the plateau, tourists are greeted by stone 20-meter figures of the Colossus of Memnon, which once guarded the entrance to the posthumous temple of Amenhotep III, which does not exist today. Behind them lies the Valley of the Kings and Queens. At the foot of the cliff stands the well-preserved funerary temple of Queen Hatshepsut (Deir-al-Bahari). History is everywhere: statues with the heads of gods and animals, columns with capitals in the form of lotus flowers…

In a word, a grandiose open-air museum!


The ancient Egyptians called this city Svenet, and the Greeks called it Siena. Agatha Christie drew inspiration for her novel Death on the Nile here.
Aswan is famous for such historical monuments of antiquity as the Mausoleum of the Aga Khan, the Aswan Dam, the grandiose Abu Simbel Temple Complex, which was built 3.5 millennia ago by one of the greatest pharaohs – Ramses II. It is Aswan that serves as the starting point for almost all cruises on the Nile.


“Gulf of the Sheikhs” or “Royal Bay”, whichever you prefer – this is how Sharm el-Sheikh sounds in Arabic. From the very name of this most beautiful place, it smells like an oriental fairy tale. This is a place where fountains start to beat from stones, and roses bloom on the sand. The most prestigious resort in Egypt is located on the southern part of the Sinai Peninsula, washed by the waters of the Red Sea gulfs – Aqaba and Suez, and consists of three bays.

Na`ama Bay is the most popular tourist destination, which is a wonderful bay with luxurious hotels (such as Hilton, Mariott, Movenpick, etc.); beloved by all tourists, the most beautiful palm alley along the coast of the Red Sea; night clubs and discos, casinos, restaurants, shops and shows in every hotel.

Sharm El`Maiya, a bay with a cozy harbor where snow-white yachts and pleasure boats are waiting for their tourists. The bay is famous for its beaches, excellent hotels and many water activities. On the other side of Na`ama Bay, in the town of Ras Nasrani, there is another bay that has become popular recently, thanks to the prestigious 5-star hotels that have opened here, such as Hyatt Regency, Pyramisa, Conrad, New Novotel, etc.

As you can see, most of the hotels in Sharm el-Sheikh, immersed in greenery and flowers, are located on the shores of cozy quiet bays – a kind of gateway to the mysterious underwater world, where its inhabitants shimmer with thousands of colors and shades. The cleanliness of the bay is maintained by special environmental services. Here you can swim with a mask and fins right from the beach, enjoying the unique underwater beauty.

The unique nature of the Sinai Peninsula is complemented by the ancient history of these places. Saint Helena, the mother of Emperor Constantine, built a chapel in the mountains of Sinai in the place “Burning Bush”, where God appeared to the prophet Moses. Near this place, the ancient monastery of St. Catherine grew up, where a collection of early Christian icons is now kept. Mount Moses, where the prophet received 10 famous commandments from God, is a famous place of pilgrimage for millions of people from all over the world. Here, according to legend, at the moment of sunrise, God forgives all sins!

A variety of outlandish flowers and emerald green lawns, trees and palm trees, burdened with hanging dates, beaches with soft warm sand, turquoise sea and blue lakes of pools – all this is in a peculiar contrast and at the same time in amazing harmony with colorful canyons, fabulous rocks and ancient monasteries of beauty. resort, whose name is SHARM EL SHEIKH!


Hurghada is the most popular and democratic Egyptian resort city, located 500 km southeast of Cairo. The bright sun and warm sea, the splendor of coral reefs, oriental dances – a holiday that awaits you in Hurghada all year round.

Sports: this is an ideal place for all types of recreation, including active ones. Almost all hotels have aqua and diving centers, several swimming pools, gyms, the opportunity to play volleyball, billiards, table tennis. Many hotels are equipped with tennis courts, squash courts.

Scuba diving: in Egypt, this sport is transformed into entertainment, and the main attraction, and art. In any diving center, with the help of instructors, you will not only learn the basics of diving, but also be able to obtain an international certificate.

Nightlife: Most of Hurghada’s most famous restaurants and discos are located within the hotel grounds. The Sindbad Beach Hotel’s disco is considered the best, where you can dance all night long to the most famous European hits. You can also have a great time at the discos of the Inter – Continental, Hilton Plaza and Hilton Resort hotels.

True gourmets are invited to visit the Felfela restaurant, the most famous in Hurghada, not only because of the excellent cuisine, but also because of its good location: the mountain slope descending to the sea is divided into separate terraces. You can taste dishes of European and national cuisine, enjoying the view of the sea. A wonderful fish restaurant next to the Grand Hotel will delight you with a variety of seafood dishes. There are several Chinese restaurants nearby.

Egypt Country Information