Election Fraud and Riots in Kenya Part II
From the polling stations, the sealed ballot boxes with the ballot papers on them were transported to a larger polling station in each constituency. Systematically, the results from each of the polling stations for the presidential and parliamentary elections were read out and recorded overnight. At the end of the count, the results for each constituency were announced, approved by the party agents and entered in a special form.
4: Still election fraud
It was during the transfer of the results from the 210 constituencies to the ECK’s headquarters in Nairobi that the problems started. At first, suspicions were fueled that not everything was as it should be when it came out with the aggregation of the results in Nairobi. The head of the election commission said openly that several of the election officials had “disappeared” with the official census lists – a pretty incredible admission.
During the transfer of results from a number of constituencies to the headquarters, election fraud has clearly taken place. The number of votes for the incumbent president was systematically falsified and raised. This has probably been possible through cooperation between some of the commissioners and people in the secretariat. In two of the constituencies where the EU had observers, it was discovered during a check that Kibaki’s turnout had been significantly increased.
When the final result of the presidential election was announced in a closed room where only the state broadcast was present, the “adjusted” figures showed that Kibaki had “won” by a narrow margin. Secondly, in record time, Kibaki was re-elected president; one even forgot to play the national anthem! In retrospect, the head of the election commission has said that he acted under pressure and that he was not sure whether Kibaki had won the election.
5: A divided people
The election divided the population in two. ODM, led by Odinga, claimed that Kibaki “stole” the election winner by cheating and first wanted a new count of votes. Kibaki’s camp, for its part, claimed that the election had gone straight for them and that if anyone was dissatisfied, they had to go to court. From an ethnic point of view, Kibaki is supported by its own numerous peoples, the Kikuyu, as well as the closely related peoples Embu and Meru. These groups live mostly in the Central Province and around Mount Kenya.
After the election, the Kamba people who supported their own candidate in the presidential election, Musyoka, joined Kibaki when Musyoka was given the vice-presidential position.
The opposition ethnically includes the ethnic groups in the west of the country: luo, luhya and kalenjin. ODM also has significant support on the coast and in the Northeast Province. The opposition is also strong in all the major cities.
It may seem that the conflict is purely ethnic. But it is not the case that people from different ethnic groups fly in each other’s throats. On the contrary, cross-ethnic marriages have become commonplace, especially in cities. Nevertheless, it is fair to say that ethnic thinking is prevalent among ordinary people. There are countless jokes and stories that speak their clear language about how different ethnic groups view each other. The Kikuyu are perceived by others as money-loving exchangers and heartless traders. But they perceive themselves as enterprising and hardworking.
Similarly, luos are perceived by other groups as inactive without the ability to invest in productive business, while viewing themselves as intellectuals. The truth is not so one-dimensional. But as long as these are widespread perceptions in the depths of the people, many will act politically on this basis. An ethnic hatred has apparently come to the surface in a way that has shocked many.
6: Under the ethnic contradictions
Although ethnicity and loyalty are a living reality in Kenya, a country located in Africa according to areacodesexplorer.com, such attitudes often have a material basis . The ethnic settlement pattern often coincides with geographical differences. The Luo people live mainly around Lake Victoria, while the Kikuyu people, as mentioned, live in the Central Province. The Luhya live in the west towards the border with Uganda, while the Kalenjin live in the Rift Valley.
The ethnic contradictions have historical roots dating back to colonial times under England. White settlers settled in the best agricultural areas with the protection of the colonial state and displaced the indigenous people. After independence in 1963, they were “released” with British aid money. The new government under Jomo Kenyatta – a kikuyu – ensured that many got land back, but in the process there was also a lot of corruption. This led to the economic and political elite acquiring large land estates.