The population, based on the 2011 census, is 231,626 – There are 113,603 men and 118,023 women in the city. There are 58,476 households in Gaborone. In 2001, the median household size was 3.11 people. The city of Gaborone is home to more than 10% of the population of Botswana. Almost half of the citizens of Botswana live within 100 kilometers of Gaborone.
Gaborone’s population growth rate is 3.4%, the highest in the country. This is more likely because the city has a more developed infrastructure, making it more livable. Gaborone is one of the fastest growing cities in the world. Much of the growth is based on the network of migration from the rest of Botswana.
Gaborone’s sex ratio is 96.3, which means that there are 963 men for every 1,000 women. The majority of marriages in Botswana have been registered in Gaborone, 15% of all marriages in Botswana were registered in Gaborone in 2007. On average, there are 3.3 people per househould in Gaborone. This is a low number compared to the rest of Botswana. See population of Botswana.
In the city is The Diocese Roman Catholic Gaborone, which is under the Archdiocese Roman Catholic in Pretoria,. The diocese has the southern half of Botswana, and the bishop of the diocese is Bishop of St. Valentine Tsamma Seane who was consecrated on April 25, 2009 – The previous bishop was Bonifacio Tshosa Setlalekgosi. The mother church of the diocese is the Cathedral of Christ the King.
There is a Hindu temple in Gaborone, nicknamed Hindu Hall, as well as a gurudwara and several mosques. Construction began in May 2001 on a Venkateswara temple in Gaborone West for a local community of Telugu people by the Botswana Hindu Charities Trust and was completed in September 2007 – The High Commissioner of India, and former President Festus Mogae visited the temple after its completion.
There are several mosques in Gaborone serving a very diverse Muslim population.
Since 1971, with the beginning of the exploitation of the Orapa mine (where the lions rest), Gaborone began to transform and already at the beginning of the 90s of the last century diamonds dominated the national economy. These precious stones represent revenue for Botswana in excess of three billion dollars a year. The mining whole (also copper, gold and nickel) provides 50 percent of state revenue. Thanks to its mining exports, the country went from being one of the poorest in the world at the time of its independence in 1966, to have today a per capita of almost eight thousand dollars annually. A few years ago, the existence of uranium was discovered, which has helped alleviate fears that, in a period of 20 years, the diamond mines will begin to run out.
According to abbreviationfinder, Gaborone is the center of the national economy. The headquarters of major financial institutions such as the Bank of Botswana, Gaborone Bank, BancABC, and the Botswana Stock Exchange are located in the center, as well as the headquarters of Air Botswana, Consumer Watchdog, Botswana Telecommunications Corporation, and Debswana, mining diamonds joint venture between De Beers and the Government of Botswana. The South African Development Community is headquartered in Gaborone, the organization was formed in 1980 to increase economic cooperation among its members and reduce dependence on South Africa.
Several international companies have invested in the city: Hyundai, IBM, Daewoo, Volvo, Owens-Corning and Siemens. Orapa House, owned by Debswana, is that diamonds mined from Debswana are sorted and valued. Orapa House, located at the intersection of Khama Crescent and Nelson Mandela Drive, has a unique style of architecture that allows the perfect amount of indirect sunlight to shine through the windows in order to accurately classify diamonds. The Botswana Resource Conference is held annually at the Gaborone International Conference Center.
The unemployment rate in Gaborone is 11.7% as of 2008. 19.7% of the population in Gaborone is employed in the financial sector. According to the 2011 Mercer Worldwide Cost of ECV, Gaborone has the highest cost of living for expats in the world, up from 203% in 2010 – Gaborone stands between Chennai, India, and Quito, Ecuador. Gaborone is the fourth cheapest city for expats in Africa, ranking above Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, at 211, Kampala, Uganda at 202%, and Windhoek, Namibia at 198.
There are more people who have obtained a degree or postgraduate degrees in Gaborone than anywhere else in Botswana. 70.9% of the Gaborone population have earned at least a high school education 2.6% of the Gaborone population have never attended school. Gaborone has many elementary and secondary schools, both public and private. These include Westwood International School, a Maru Pula School, Legae Academy, Northside Elementary School, and Thornhill Primary School. Seventeen of the sixty private schools in Botswana are located in Gaborone.
The main campus of the University of Botswana, established in 1982, is on the east side of the city. Other universities are the Limkokwing University of Creative Technology, which also has a campus in Gaborone. The Botswana Accounting College, which caters for both accounting and IT students, Gaborone Technical College, Boitekanelo College, and Botswana College of Agriculture is also located in Gaborone. Gaborone College of Universal Law, opened in 2006, has its main campus in Gaborone. The university celebrated its first graduation in 2010 for its first class of graduates.