Georgia Population, Politics and Economy
Population in Georgia
According to directoryaah, Georgia has around 3.7 million residents. Since independence in 1991, more than a million people have left the country. Between 2000 and 2005, the Georgian population decreased by approximately one percent each year. Above all, residents with a high level of education who were initially able to find jobs in other CIS countries – later also in Western Europe and the USA – left Georgia. The largest Georgian community outside the country with around 300,000 people exists in Moscow. Civil wars in Abkhazia and South Ossetia resulted in around 250,000 people fleeing or being displaced from their homes. In 2004, Georgia hosted around 230,000 displaced persons from Abkhazia and 12,200 from South Ossetia. There were also around 3,000 refugees from Chechnya.
More than 26 ethnic groups traditionally live on the territory of Georgia: 83.8 percent of the population are Georgians, 6.5 percent Azerbaijanis, 5.7 percent Armenians, 1.55 percent Russians, 0.9 percent Ossetians, 0.1 percent Abkhazians, 0.1 percent Assyrians and 1.51 percent belong to other ethnic groups such as B. Pontus Greeks, Lasen, Kurds, Jews and others.
The official language is Georgian, which belongs to the South Caucasian language family with its own alphabet and is spoken by around 4 million people. In addition, 23 languages from six different language families are spoken in Georgia. The most important are Azerbaijani (approx. 300,000 speakers), Armenian (approx. 250,000 speakers), Abkhazian (approx. 100,000 speakers), Ossetian (approx. 100,000 speakers) and Russian.
Georgia is a Christian country, Christianity was declared the state religion of Iberia as early as 337.
Politics and Economy in Georgia
Georgia is a democratic republic with a strong presidential system and centralized administration. Georgia is viewed by critics as a defective democracy. Admittedly, access to politics is formally secured through free and secret elections, but political and civil rights, as well as the control of violence, are often restricted.
Georgia, like Israel and some other Eastern European and Asian states, is described as an ethnic democracy in which “the dominance of an ethnic group is institutionalized”.
According to ebizdir, Georgia’s economic strength has so far been based on tourism in the Caucasus and on the Black Sea, the cultivation of citrus fruits, grapes and tea as well as the mining of hard coal, manganese and copper. Cattle were raised in the west and sheep in the east. There was a small industrial sector that produced metals, machines, chemicals, and textiles. After the recession of 2009 and another slump in 2012/13, the Georgian economy was able to recover. through the opening of the Russian market. Around 2014, 300,000 Russian tourists traveled to Georgia every year.  The gross domestic product (GDP) of Georgia was around 17 billion US dollars in 2015. The gross domestic product per capita was $ 3,918 in the same year.
Transport network in Georgia
As in most of the successor states of the Soviet Union, the road network in Georgia is relatively poorly developed. Four-lane sections are mainly to be found in the metropolitan region of Tbilisi. In 2006, the total length of the Georgian road network was 20,329 km, of which around 39% were paved.
The hearts of European drivers will almost stop in Georgia. Sometimes it seems as if there are no regulations known to us. People honk, swear and shoved in the cities. It is strongly recommended to hire a driver with your own car.
Cities and regions in Georgia
Georgia is divided into the nine regions of Mingrelia and Upper Svaneti, Guria, Ratcha-Letschchumi and Lower Svaneti, Imereti, Samtskhe-Javakheti, Mzcheta-Mtianeti, Inner Cartlia, Lower Cartlia, Kakheti, the capital region of Tbilisi and the two autonomous republics of Abkhazia. From an administrative point of view, the South Ossetia area is mainly part of the Inner Kartli region.
The largest cities in Georgia are Tbilisi with 1,082,400 residents, Batumi with 154,600 residents, Kutaisi with 147,900 residents, Rustavi with 126,000 residents, Sukhumi with 63,300 residents, Gori with 48,300 residents, Zugdidi with 42,700 residents and Poti with 41,500 residents (status: 2016). Approx. 54% of the population of Georgia live in cities or the surrounding metropolitan areas.