Haiti Market Entry
- Market entry
- Forms and conditions of operation on the market
- Marketing and Communications
- Issues of intellectual property protection
- Public procurement market
- Payment terms, payment ethics and resolution of commercial disputes
- Visas, fees, specific conditions of travel to the territory
- Employment of citizens from the Czech Republic
- Fairs and events
Although Haiti is an open economy, there are significant barriers to the development of foreign trade and investment in the country. They are corruption, lack of transparency, long-term political instability, high unemployment and burdensome bureaucracy.
It is recommended to establish business cooperation through local representatives and distributors. Under Haitian law, two parties can negotiate a contractual agreement and do not require Haitian government review or approval. Local agents are usually paid on a commission basis.
Forms and conditions of operation on the market
According to cheeroutdoor.com, Haitian legislation encourages foreign direct investment and the Haitian Investment Code provides equal rights, privileges and equal protection to local and foreign companies. There are two types of foreign investment incentives in the country: customs incentives and income tax incentives. Import and export policies are non-discriminatory and unaffected by nationality.
The Center for Investment Facilitation (CFI) is an institution that ensures the process of foreign investment in Haiti and allows companies to establish their businesses more efficiently. All companies incorporated in Haiti must have a minimum of three shareholders, one of whom must be a Haitian national and a member of the company’s board of directors. Haitian law does not set a minimum percentage of Haitian nationals as owners of shares of capital stock. The value of the share capital must be at least 25,000 HTG if the company is limited to services and commercial operations, or 100,000 HTG if the company is involved in industrial and agricultural activities.
Marketing and communication
There have been significant improvements in marketing in recent years. There are several new companies using various advertising techniques including text messages, emails, flyers, print ads, promotions. Direct mail marketing is practically non-existent due to the inefficiency of email services in Haiti. Haiti has several marketing agencies (eg Blue Mango Studios, Dagmar).
Issues of intellectual property protection
Haitian law protects copyrights, inventions, patent rights, industrial designs and models, trademarks and trade names. The law penalizes persons or businesses involved in infringement, fraud or unfair competition. In order to ensure the protection of these rights, the law requires certain formalities, such as registration with the Ministry of the Interior and Territorial Communities. The Constitution recognizes certain intellectual property rights – scientific, literary and artistic. However, weak enforcement mechanisms, inefficient courts and judges’ lack of knowledge of commercial law threaten the effectiveness of legal protection.
Haiti is a signatory to the 1910 Buenos Aires Convention, the 1883 Paris Convention on Patents, and the Madrid Convention on Trademarks. Haiti has ratified the Berne Convention on Copyright.
Public procurement market
Public contracts are advertised mainly through newspapers and on some government websites. Bids only apply to Haitian companies if the goods and services needed to implement the project are located in Haiti. However, when the government procures goods and services that are not produced in Haiti and must be imported, tenders are also open to international participation.
Payment terms, payment ethics and resolution of commercial disputes
In Haiti, there are weak enforcement mechanisms and a lack of up-to-date laws to deal with modern trade disputes, seriously compromising protections and safeguards for foreign trade and investment.
Visas, fees, specific conditions for traveling to the territory
Information on the conditions of entry into the territory of Haiti will be provided by the Embassy of Haiti in Berlin.
Embassy of Haiti in Berlin Meinekestrasse 5 10719 Berlin Tel.: (030) 88554134 Fax: (030) 88554135 e-mail: [email protected]
Employment of citizens from the Czech Republic
The employment of the workforce is governed by the Labor Code of 1984. Normal working hours are 8 hours. In September 2017, the government of Haiti adopted a new labor law that allows three eight-hour shifts in 1 workday.
Fairs and events
There are no regular fairs in the country.