Harare, Zimbabwe

Harare, Zimbabwe

According to abbreviationfinder, Harare is the largest city in Zimbabwe and capital of the country, also known as the old Salisbury is the administrative, commercial and communications center of the entire country. The streets of the city are adorned with a tree called jacaranda that when they bloom, they paint the entire city a beautiful pink color that gives it a unique and beautiful touch for which it is famous.

History

The city was founded in 1890 by a mercenary group called the “Pioneer Column” which was led by Cecil Rhodes who established a fort there that later became a city. It obtained city status in 1935.

Harare was originally called “Salisbury” in honor of the Third Marquis of Salisbury, who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom at the time. From 1953 to 1963 Salisbury was made the center and capital of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. The 18 of April of 1982, in the 2nd or anniversary of the independence of Zimbabwe her name was changed by the city of Harare is a derivation of Neharawa, name of the chief of the tribe shona that inhabited the region.

Harare was greatly affected by the political and economic crisis that dominated Zimbabwe at the beginning of the 21st century, especially after the difficult 2002 presidential election and the 2005 parliamentary elections.

In May of 2005 the Government of Zimbabwe carried out without any prior notice an operation called Operation Murambatsvina ( “Drive Out Rubbish” in Shona) through which demolished several informal settlements in Harare and other cities in the country, this operation caused a strong opposition and reaction through the international community because it was carried out without notifying the population that it would be affected and without any plan that contemplated an alternative accommodation for all those who would be displaced.

The government stated that the operation was carried out to try to reduce crime, prostitution and epidemics, however it is believed that it was part of a campaign to punish, reduce and expel poor people who support the Movement for Democratic Change that he was against the government, thus protests and actions against the government were also reduced.

Geography

Harare is located at the coordinates: 17 or 51’50 “of South latitude and 31 or 1’47” of East longitude. It has a moderate climate and its maximum elevation has an altitude of 1483 meters.

Population

The city has an estimated population of 1,600,000, with 2,800,000 residents according to the 2006 census. See population of Zimbabwe.

Economy

Harare’s economy is closely linked to the tobacco, corn, cotton and citrus trade and its main industries are textiles, steel production, and chemicals. The region is also rich in gold which gives great value and importance to its geographical position.

Districts

Despite the renaming of the city, most of the city’s suburbs maintain their original European names, among which the following stand out:

Warren Park ‘D’, Borrowdale, Mount Pleasant, Tynwald, Rotten Row and Rietfontein.

Education

Harare has all levels of education and within it is located the headquarters of the University of Zimbabwe, which is the largest and most comprehensive institution of advanced education in Zimbabwe.

Economic development

Harare, the capital, located in the gold region, is an important commercial center and a large agricultural market. It is also the main administrative and university center in the country. Bulawayo is the second largest city in Zimbabwe. It is one of the main industrial and commercial centers of the country that, in recent years, has become a nerve center for the transport of products from South Africa.

Zimbabwe is fortunate in its agricultural production: tobacco, sugar, coffee, cotton and cornthey are products of which it exports in significant quantities. Furthermore, Zimbabwe is an exporter of high quality meat to the European Union. The mining industry is also important with gold and nickel as well as smaller amounts of other minerals. It has coal reserves and hydroelectric plants. Other minerals are processed before being exported: ferro-chromium and refined gold for example. The most important industries are: food processing, metals, chemicals and textiles. Zimbabwe remains highly dependent on trade with South Africa. Zimbabwe is a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADCC) and accepted in 1993 the formation of a Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa. South Africa Germany, Japan, the UK and the US are Zimbabwe’s main trading partners.

Gastronomy

The culinary art of Zimbabwe is primarily the mushy British heritage combined with the African dishes. The dietary base is sadza – the white corn porridge with which most local meals are made. The second component is nyama – the meat, usually chicken, but also the crocodile, kudu, and impala.

The fruit is not very varied but a pumpkin with a delicious type of marrow deserves to stand out. The national drink is chibuku, the palm beer. Served in cubes that are passed between customers, it has the appearance of hot cocoa, the consistency of a soft porridge and an exciting appearance of coconut punch. It is not at all tasty for European taste. Chibuku is drunk mainly in places such as breweries in a mainly masculine environment. Despite there being a not inconsiderable coffee production in the eastern mountainous regions, it is mainly for export and it is almost impossible to have a good coffee.

Zimbabwe is a cosmopolitan society and enjoys local and international culinary arts. Eating out is popular and quite cheap. A traditional dish is sadza (a stiff corn meal) eaten with meat and / or sauce and a condiment. Table service It is the norm in restaurants.

Beer is average and good. It is normally found, both national wines and those of the excellent South African wineries. Bars are almost always part of a hotel. The authorized hours are 10.30-15.00 and 16.30-23.00. Older hotels have 24-hour bar and room service.

Harare, Zimbabwe