History of Palestine Part I
Palestine, in modern times, has been forced to push its borders after the settlement between the victors of World War I. Roughly, the administrative boundaries set by the Turks during their rule in the area from 1517 to 1918 were followed, which were themselves based on even older traditions. Modern borders, therefore, are only slightly in conflict with the identification and self-perception that developed locally – unlike so many other Asian and African territories that have been ravaged by European colonialism.
From 1922, Palestine was under British rule according to a mandate from the League of Nations. However, a disputed UN decision of 1947 allowed the Zionist movement to establish its own state – the State of Israel – in parts of Palestine in 1948. In 1967, this regime occupied the rest of Palestine – the West Bank and the Gaza Strip – as well as parts of Egypt (Sinai) and Syria. (Golan Heights).
After the establishment of the State of Israel, it became common to use “Israel” as the name for Palestine, or for parts of the country. But since the state of Israel has no definitive boundaries, “Israel” – unlike “Palestine” – is not a clear geographical indication. Extreme Zionists claim that the Land of Israel – Eretz Israel – extends far beyond the 1967 war wars, while anti-Zionists do not recognize “Israel” as the geographical term for any part of the Middle East or Palestine. The United Nations and countries that recognize the State of Israel use the term “Israel” on the part of Palestine where the Zionist state exercises its full sovereignty – the 1949 ceasefire. It is a political question whether to use “Israel” as a geographical term, and given fall about which area. The battle for the name is symbolic for the battle for the land.
According to ALLCOUNTRYLIST, external political relations have always had a great impact on the social and political life in Palestine. The country’s location and history have made trade and crafts important and traditional professions. This has provided the basis for higher geographical mobility and social differentiation than in most other countries in the Middle East. But agriculture has been the most important profession and for thousands of years has ensured a stable settlement and culture. The world’s oldest urban community, Jericho, has for approx. 9,000 years based its existence on organized agriculture. In modern times – until the establishment of the State of Israel – the land was owned partly by private, partly by the public, and partly by the common property attached to each village or town. Rural property provided influence and access to leading religious positions. Large land belonged to landowners living in Beirut, Damascus or Constantinople. Thousands of Palestinian farmers cultivated this land on a daily basis and hardly knew who they were paying rent to. But when the Zionists began to buy this land (in the 1880s), they demanded the peasants be removed. This led to the first bloody clashes between the indigenous population and the Zionist settlers.
The Palestinians mainly cultivated (and grow) citrus fruits, wheat, olives and vegetables. Parts of production were oriented to the export markets early. In the mid-19th century, for example. exported large quantities of fruits and vegetables to Europe. Compared to neighboring countries, the Palestinians are engaged in advanced agriculture. This benefited the Zionists as they seized large parts of the indigenous population’s land and production equipment during and after the war in 1948-49. Today, the Arab population of the State of Israel per law excluded from owning, renting or otherwise utilizing 92.6% of the area which is under full Israeli sovereignty.
The story ahead of our time
The name Palestine derives from the Philistine – the ancient land of the Philistines – which was a federation of 5 cities in southwestern Palestine with Gaza as its capital. The covenant was dissolved around the year 1000 BCE after losing a battle against the Israelite King David. Both the Philistines and the Israelites were conquest tribes from the surrounding territories that had settled in Palestine several centuries before – in the land of the Canaanites (Canaan).
There is no historical continuity from the fighting between the Philistines and the Israelites 3,000 years ago and until today’s conflict between Palestinians and Israelis. Today’s Palestinian descendants are given equally by the Israelites and the Philistines. They are also descendants of a large number of other conquest tribes, traders and immigrants who have settled in the country for centuries. Today, Israeli Jews, for their part, derive largely from Turkish and European peoples and only to a small extent from the Israelites.
Under David and his successor Solomon (965-928 BCE), large parts of Palestine and parts of modern-day Jordan and Syria were gathered under Israeli rule. It is not known whether a common name was used for this area, but it was later called “United Kingdom”. After Solomon’s death, the kingdom was divided into two states; Israel, conquered by the Assyrians in 722 BCE and Judah, conquered by the Babylonians in 578 BCE Large parts of the population fled or were taken captive during these conquests.