Iceland Country Information
The Republic of Iceland is an island nation located in the North Atlantic Ocean (northwest of Great Britain). The territory of the state consists of the island of Iceland and small islands around it. According to iTypeJob, Reykjavik is the capital city of Iceland.
There are more than 120 glaciers, a large number of lakes and rivers on the island. Iceland is also distinguished by a large number of volcanoes, craters and hot springs. Of the more than 100 volcanoes, 25 have erupted in the last thousand years. The most famous among them are Hekla (1491 m) and Laki, which have about 100 craters.
Subarctic marine, strongly softened by the warm current of the Gulf Stream. The average annual temperature on the southwestern coast in Reykjavik is 4°C, the average temperature in January is -1°C, in July 11°C. Coastal waters are free of ice throughout the year. The weather in this country changes dramatically, sometimes within a day, depending on the passage of cyclones eastward across the Atlantic Ocean. The average annual rainfall is 1300–2000 mm on the south coast, 500–750 mm on the north coast, and over 3800 mm on the slopes of Vatnajokull and Mýrdalsjokull open to the south.
Iceland is a republic with a presidential form of government. The executive power in the country is in the hands of the President and the government. Legislative power is vested in the President and a unicameral parliament, the Althingi.
Icelandic. English is spoken almost everywhere.
The state religion is Lutheranism (96% of believers), Catholics and other Christian communities make up about 3%. The influence of old pagan traditions is strong.
The Icelandic krone is equal to 100 auras. In circulation there are banknotes in denominations of 5000, 1000, 500 and 100 crowns, coins of 50, 10, 5 and 1 crown, as well as 50 and 10 aurars.
You can exchange cash currency freely at banks, offices of “The Change Group” and hotels. Traveler’s checks are accepted everywhere. Credit cards of the world’s leading payment systems are accepted everywhere. ATMs are located in all banks, large stores, hotels and on most central streets, and work with all types of credit cards.
Tipping is not accepted and is usually only given to porters in restaurants and hotels. In all other cases, service tips are included in the bill. In fashionable hotels, restaurants and nightclubs, the wardrobe is paid.
Banks are usually open from Monday to Friday from 09:15 to 16:00.
Shops are usually open from 10:00 to 18:00 from Monday to Friday, on Saturdays – from 10:00 to 14:00-16:00. Some large department stores are open until 22:00 on Fridays. On Sunday, and in the summer – and on Saturdays, all shops are closed.
Particular care should be taken when moving independently through unfamiliar terrain, especially in mountainous areas, since volcanic activity is quite high here even outside the volcanic fields. Therefore, it is quite possible to “run into” a sudden eruption of a geyser or fall into a mud pit.
The unified emergency telephone number is 112.
Iceland is an island state washed by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean. The main attraction of the country is its unique nature. Here you can see waterfalls of unimaginable beauty, geysers, bizarre volcanic landscapes, fjords, glaciers and much more. Iceland is ideal for lovers of outdoor activities and wildlife.
Reykjavik, the capital of Iceland, is the northernmost capital in the world. It is quite a young and modern city. There is not a single industrial facility here, and the houses are heated by hot water from thermal springs, so the city is famous for its truly clean and fresh air. Among the attractions of Reykjavik, the most interesting are the Althing (Parliament House), the Government Building, the Reykjavik Cathedral, the Hallgrímskirkja Church, the Reykjavik Free Church, the National Museum of Iceland, the National Gallery of Iceland, the Museum of Art, Perlan, Hövdi and the Arnie Magnusson Institute. The city also has many restaurants, bars, nightclubs and discos, as well as a very vibrant nightlife. Not far from Reykjavik is Iceland’s famous spa complex – the Blue Lagoon.
Geyser fields are considered one of the visiting cards of the country. There are over 250 separate groups of geysers in Iceland (approximately 7,000 hot springs). The most interesting is the Haukadalur valley, which is part of the popular Golden Ring tourist route. In the valley there are two of the most famous Icelandic geysers – Strokkur (eruption height up to 20 m) and Geysir or Great Geysir (eruption height up to 60 m), as well as the famous Gullfoss waterfall – one of the most picturesque places in Iceland. The same route includes the famous Thingvellir National Park (included in the UNESCO heritage list). Here is the so-called Silfra fissure (fault) – the only such place in the world where fans of extreme diving have the opportunity to swim between the junction of the North American and Eurasian tectonic plates.
Iceland is famous for its huge number of waterfalls. In addition to Gullfoss, the most beautiful waterfalls include the “waterfall of God” Goudafoss, the most powerful in Europe Dettifoss, the black Svartifoss waterfall, the lava waterfalls of Hroynfossar, Seljalandsfoss, as well as the waterfalls Joksaraurfoss, Glymur, Hauifoss and Tjoufafoss. There are also many volcanoes on the territory of Iceland, the most famous of them is Hekla, which is considered the most active volcano in the country and the largest in Europe.
One of the most famous attractions is the Vatnajökull National Park, which combines the Skaftafell and Jokulsargluvur parks. It is located at the foot of the eponymous glacier – the largest in Europe. The unique natural landscapes of the park create an indelible impression. There are mountains and plains, giant glaciers and volcanoes, active geysers and lava fields, as well as stunning ice caves with hot springs and amazing waterfalls.
Every year Iceland becomes more and more popular and attracts a huge number of tourists from all over the world.