Israel Country Information

Israel Country Information

Israel can boast of a well-deserved year-round popularity: some people come here to immerse themselves in ancient history, others to correct loosened nerves in the healing expanses of the Dead Sea (in which, by the way, you can’t really dive, the water is too dense due to salt), others – plunge into general anesthesia on the operating tables of the best doctors, the fourth – again dive, but already in the Red Sea, with scuba gear, the fifth – spend their holidays on the beach, as you probably guessed, plunging into blissful doing nothing. Yes, we almost forgot: young people often go to Israel also in order to have a good time at the carbon monoxide parties in the local nightclubs, plunging into the rhythms of fashionable music and clubs of fragrant smoke. According to, Jerusalem is the capital city of Israel.

The main resorts on the seas of Israel:

  • On the Mediterranean Sea – Tel Aviv, Herzliya, Caesarea, Netanya (Haifa is a port city, mainly used for excursions).
  • On the Red Sea – Eilat
  • Medical resorts: Dead Sea coast (Ein Gedi and Ein Bokek), Hamat Gader and Arad

Geographical position

The state of Israel is located in southwest Asia, on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Israel borders Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan to the east, and Egypt to the southwest.

The relief of the country is quite diverse – in the west, along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, the fertile Coastal Plain stretches, in the northeast – the Golan Heights, in the east – the mountain ranges of Galilee and Samaria, as well as the depressions of the Jordan Valley and the Dead Sea. The southern part of the country is occupied by the Negev and Arava deserts. The highest point of the state is Mount Hermon (2224 meters) in the north, the lowest is the Dead Sea (400 meters below sea level – the lowest land point on Earth).

Climate of Israel

The climate in Israel, despite its not too large territory, is very diverse – from temperate to tropical, with a lot of sunny days. The rainy winter season lasts from November to May, the rest of the time is a dry summer season. Heavy rains fall in the north and in the center of the country, much less in the northern Negev, and in the south they almost never happen. On the coast – wet summers and mild winters, in mountainous areas – dry summers and relatively cold winters. The Jordan Valley has hot, dry summers and mild winters, while the Negev has a semi-desert climate. The swimming season in Israel continues all year round: in the summer they swim in the Mediterranean Sea and the Galilee Lake (Kinneret), and in the winter – in the Dead and Red Seas. The hottest months in the Dead Sea and in Eilat (Red Sea) are June, July and August. The average air/water temperature at this time is +38°C/+30°C.

Cuisine and restaurants

Israel has a great variety of different restaurants: Chinese, Russian, French, Indian, Moroccan and the list goes on. The menu is usually printed in Hebrew and English. Portions are usually large, but they are decently priced. The local Macabi beer tastes quite good, but it costs about 80 rubles in Russian money, even in a store. Of the meat dishes, which traditionally contain a lot of spices and herbs, it is worth trying “Jewish meat” and “Meorav Yerushalmi” – a dish of four types of chicken meat. From vegetable dishes, you should try various salads, hummus, “falafel” (pea and bean balls fried in oil), cold beetroot soup, potato pancakes and fried zucchini. The most kosher desserts: eggnog, baked apples, pancakes, gingerbread with almonds. Menus in Israeli restaurants are usually in Hebrew and English.

Kosher cuisine

The main limitations of kosher cuisine are: pork and seafood dishes are not available as a class (although you can eat fish that has scales), and dairy and meat products are served strictly separately. Note that these restrictions do not at all make the local cuisine not diversified enough.

Transport Israel

It is very convenient to travel around Israel by trains: they run frequently, the schedule is strictly observed, and the speed is high. The only negative is that the country has only one main line with several branches, as well as the Tel Aviv suburban system. Haifa has one metro line.

In addition, you can travel around the country by bus. They run regularly in all directions, but during religious holidays, as well as from Friday evening to Saturday evening, they do not run. There are air conditioners everywhere.

The main public transport is again the bus. The trip costs a little over a dollar (about 5 ILS), tickets are sold by the driver. City buses in Jerusalem run from 6:00 am to midnight. True, most bus lines do not operate on Shabbat (from sunset on Friday to sunset on Saturday) and on Jewish holidays.

A taxi (the only mode of transport operating on Saturdays and public holidays) costs about ILS 3 per km, plus ILS 5 for landing. In Israel, there are special tourist taxis operated by guides registered with the Ministry of Tourism. On the doors of such cars is the emblem of the Ministry of Tourism (two people dragging a huge bunch of grapes somewhere).
Sherut fixed-route taxis are also very popular in the country (fare ~ 4.5 ILS).

Shopping and shops in Israel

Opening hours for shops and institutions: Sunday-Thursday 8:30-13:00 and 16:00-19:00, Friday and on the eve of holidays 9:00-13:00. The markets close at nightfall. Muslim-owned businesses are closed on Fridays, while Christian-owned businesses are closed on Sundays.

Israel is famous for its jewelry industry, especially diamonds and gold jewelry. You can also bring inexpensive and, moreover, very high-quality wines, oriental spices and spices, as well as cosmetic preparations based on Dead Sea minerals from the country. The most famous brands are Ahava, Sea of ​​Spa, Hlavin, Dead Sea Premier. In addition, local shops and pharmacies sell a lot of lesser known, but often very effective cosmetics. There is also a good selection of duty-free shops upon departure. In the boutiques at the Dead Sea clinics, you can buy serious medicines: creams and ointments for the treatment of eczema, lichen planus, etc. A popular pharmacy promotion for Dead Sea cosmetics is called “1 + 1”: buying one product for its full price,

Israeli visa

Citizens of the Republic of Latvia up to 90 days in half a year without a visa! Non-citizens of the Republic of Latvia need to apply for a visa before traveling! If the trip is not booked at AR-TOUR LLC, for a visa, contact the Israeli Embassy at st. Elizabetes 2.3. floor, Riga.
Phone number: +371 67635500.

Tourist safety

According to Jewish tradition, Sabbath (“Shabbat”) begins at sunset on Friday and ends at sunset on Saturday. During this time, shops, many restaurants, some cinemas and other public places are closed. Public transport does not work either: you can only go somewhere at this time by taxi. Recommend tourists to respect the religious traditions of this day and not to visit the religious quarters of Jerusalem and other cities during Shabbat. On this day, you should also refrain from smoking in public places – it can be perceived as an insult.

Israel Country Information