Kansas is a US state. The state has 2.7 million residents (2005). The state capital is Topeka, while Wichita is the largest city. See directoryaah for museums in Kansas.
1541 – The first European to set foot in Kansas was Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, who was looking for gold.
1682 – French explorer LaSalle declares Kansas French territory.
1803 – The United States gets most of Kansas from France with the Louisiana Purchase.
1821 – Captain William Becknell establishes the Santa Fe Trail as a transportation route connecting Franklin, Missouri with Santa Fe, NM.
1827 – Fort Leavenworth is established.
1830s – Settlers arrive in the thousands.
1855-59 – Kansas-Nebraska Act leads to bloody battles over slavery. Kansas was nicknamed ” Bloody Kansas “.
1862 – Kansas is admitted as the 34th state of the United States on January 29.
1922-30 – Frederick Cook, who participated in Robert Peary’s expedition to the Arctic in 1891, was released after eight years in Fort Leavenworth for stock fraud. Cook claimed to have reached the North Pole on April 21, 1908, following a route north from Axel Heiberg’s country. Along the way, they survived on the animals they could hunt. The return trip from the North Pole went to Devon Island ; and further they crossed the Nares Strait to a small Eskimo settlement, Annoatok in Greenland which they reached in the spring of 1909, almost dying of starvation. His claim to have reached the North Pole many questions were raised. The claim was later rejected by a Danish commission.
1928 – The infamous gangster “Machine Gun” Kelly, who was involved in liquor smuggling during the Prohibition era, was jailed for smuggling liquor into a Native American reservation in Tulsa, OK. He was sentenced to three years, which he served from February 11, 1928, at Fort Leavenworth. After his brief stay, due to good behavior, he married Kathryn Thorne, who provided him with his first machine gun, the Thompson machine gun, which made him infamous.
1933-34 – “Machine Gun” Kelly, was imprisoned for the kidnapping in July 1933 by the oil magnate Charles F. Urschel where he and his gang received $ 200,000 in ransom. Urschel subsequently gathered evidence against the gang, and with the help of the FBI, they had enough to arrest Kelly in Memphis, TN, on September 26, 1933. He again served his sentence in Fort Leavenworth.
1951-54 – After spending 17 years at Alcatraz, Machine Gun Kelly was transferred back to Leavenworth again in 1951. He died of a heart attack on his birthday on July 18, 1954. He was portrayed in many films after his death.
1952 – Dwight David Eisenhower, Kansas ‘ adopted favorite son, is elected as the 34th President of the United States from January 20, 1953 – January 20, 1961; The U.S. Supreme Court declared segregation in school illegal, in Brown vs. Board of Education sagen in Topeka.
1976 – Kansas politician Bob Dole is nominated for Vice President. He had a number of experiences as a senator.
1996 – Bob Dole again tries his luck with the vice presidency against Bill Clinton, but loses. Had he won, he would have been the oldest president to win his first election in US history.
2002 – The first flight of the Boeing YAL-1 Airborne Laser Testbed, designed to destroy laser missiles, took off from McConnell Air Force Base in Wichita.
2003 – An outbreak of tornadoes from May 3-11 kills seven people on the central and eastern American continent and southern Ontario. About 401 tornadoes were counted in 19 states and 1 Canadian province, 1,587 reports of giant hail and 740 reports of wind damage.
2005 – American serial killer Dennis Lynn Rader is arrested in late February. He is known as the BTK killer (or BTK Strangler ), which stands for Bind, Torture and Kill, which describes his approach. He murdered 10 people in Sedgwick County, over a period from 1974-1991.
2011 – US soldier Bradley Manning, involved in the Wikileaks scandal, is transferred to Fort Leavenworth Military Prison. Manning has had a gender identity disorder since childhood and the day after her conviction she issued a statement identifying herself as a woman (during military service she had officially identified herself as a man), changing her name to Chelsea Manning and expressing a desire for hormone treatment. On August 21, 2013, she was sentenced to 35 years in prison and was fired in disgrace from the U.S. Army. It is expected that she will appeal the verdict, from which she would otherwise be able to obtain parole after serving a third.