Kenya Population, Politics and Economy
Population in Kenya
According to directoryaah, around 48 million people live in Kenya, around a quarter of whom live in large cities. Over 42% of the population is younger than 15 years. In the Kenyan population, around 40 different ethnic groups can be distinguished, who speak more than 50 different languages and dialects. More than half of them can be attributed to the Bantu-speaking peoples such as the Kikuyu (with around 22% of the population the largest ethnic group in Kenya), the Luhya (14%), the Kamba (11%), the Kisii (6%), the Mijikenda (5.1%) and the Meru (4.3%). In addition, there are Nilotic and Kushite-speaking ethnic groups as well as non-African population groups (Europeans, predominantly of British origin, Asians, Arabs), which, however, only make up 1% of the population.
In addition to the total of 43 peoples who are recognized by the Kenyan government as having citizenship (2017), there are a number of peoples and communities who presumably lived in Kenya before independence but are considered stateless – a total of almost 20,000 people. These include the Shona, the Shirazi, the Galja’el and the Pemba.
The official languages are Swahili and English, with around 30 other languages in daily use.
Politics and economics in Kenya
According to the new constitution of 2010, Kenya is a presidential republic with both democratic and authoritarian elements, in which the state president, who is subject to both the government and the armed forces, has extensive executive powers. With the entry into force of the new constitution, the office of prime minister was abolished. Kenya has had a decentralized state administration since 2013 with 47 so-called counties, in which governors and parliaments are elected at the district level.
According to ebizdir, Kenya has the best performing economy in East Africa, but over half of the population lives below the poverty line. With over 55% of the gross domestic product, services are the most important economic sector. Tourism is also an important source of income with around one and a half million visitors annually. 8% of the country is available as agricultural land and generates over a quarter of GDP. The most important crops are coffee, tea, cotton, sugar cane and vegetables. The fishery serves the self-sufficiency of the population. The industry focuses on processing local raw materials and has been growing continuously since the 1990s. Today it contributes 17% to Kenya’s GDP.
Cities and regions in Kenya
Since the implementation of the constitutional reform in 2013, Kenya has been divided into 47 counties (administrative districts), mostly named after their respective capitals, which replace the previously existing provinces of Central, Coast, Eastern, North-Eastern, Western, Nyanza, Rift Valley and Nairobi.
The biggest cities in Kenya are:
Around 3,200,000 people live in the capital of Kenya on an area of around 693 km². Located on the Nairobi River in southern Kenya at an average altitude of 1624 meters above sea level. NN located city is one of the highest capitals in Africa. Nairobi emerged from a railway warehouse and supply depot that the British administration of Uganda set up in 1896 in the swampy area in central Kenya. Nairobi emerged from a railway warehouse and supply depot that the British administration of Uganda set up in 1896 in the swampy area in central Kenya. Due to several universities, educational institutions and research institutes, Nairobi is considered the education capital of the country. Today the cityscape of Nairobi is characterized by modern skyscrapers and office buildings. The national museum with a comprehensive collection on African prehistory, the railway museum, the parliament building, the town hall, the court as well as the national theater and the national library are worth seeing. Tourist attractions include the nearby Nairobi National Park and Langatta Giraffe Center, as well as the Daphne Sheldrick’s Orphanage elephant orphanage.
Kenya’s second largest city with almost one million residents is also an important economic center of Kenya and the most important port city in East Africa. Worth seeing are the old town of Mombasa with the former market hall and the old post office, the Fort Jesus Museum from the 16th century, the wholesale market with spices, fruit, vegetables, etc., the Tusks (tusks as an archway) and Haller Park.
The port city of Kisumu is Kenya’s third largest city with around 323,000 residents and is located in the northeast of Lake Victoria on Winamgolf at an altitude of 1131 meters above sea level. Kisumu is the settlement center of the Luo, the third largest ethnic group in the country. The city, founded in 1901 under the name Port Florence as the terminus of the newly built Uganda Railway, is a trading center for the surrounding agricultural goods and their processed products, as well as the seat of the Catholic Archdiocese of Kisumu. From the port there are ferry connections across Lake Victoria to Uganda and Tanzania. In addition to historical exhibits from the region, the Kisumu Museum also presents biological exhibits. The Kisumu Impala Sanctuary is a small wildlife sanctuary on the city’s lakefront.
The city on Lake Nakuru in the eastern part of Kenya, located at around 1900 meters above sea level, is the fourth largest city in Kenya with around 310,000 residents. Lake Nakuru with the nearby Lake Nakuru National Park is world famous for its flocks of flamingos. Also worth seeing are the Menengai volcanic crater and the prehistoric Hyrax Hill, a Neolithic excavation site with settlement remains from around 1500 BC. Chr.
The city of Eldoret was founded in 1910 with the opening of a post office on the Sosiani River in eastern Kenya. Today Eldoret is the fastest growing city in Kenya with almost 300,000 residents and has an international airport with the Eldoret International Airport. The birthplace of many Kenyan runners is known among athletes for its regular running events such as the New KCC / Athletics Kenya weekend track and field, the Eldoret Discovery Half Marathon, the Family Bank Half Marathon or the national cross-country championships.