Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
According to abbreviationfinder, the city of Kinshasa is located on the banks of the Congo River, directly opposite the city of Brazzaville, capital of the Republic of the Congo, specifically between the coordinates 4 ° 19′30 ″ S 15 ° 19′20 ″ E and covers an area of 9,965 km². Along with the case of Buenos Aires and Montevideo, it is the only place in the world where two national capitals face each other on the banks of a river, although in this case they are much closer and within sight of each other.
The great city-province presents a relief where plateaus like the Kwango), hills like the Ngaliema, Amba and Ngafula mountains) and plains are combined. The plain is the most populated and stretches in a crescent shape from the bay in the east to the Kwango Plateau. The city developed between the promontory of Gombe, the Pool Malebo and the bay of Ngaliema before the Livingstone falls and the southern hills located near the river.
- Maximum daily temperature 30.4 ° C
- Minimum daily temperature 20.7 ° C
- Total precipitation 1358 mm.
The city has grown considerably, from half a million residents at the end of the 1960s to 4,787,000 in 1998 and currently has more than 9,000,000 residents. According to estimates, the city could exceed 10 million residents in 2015, ranking among the 30 largest cities in the world. See population of Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The Port of Kinshasa has a prominent role in the economy of the city and the country, it is of great importance in the sending and receiving of export and import merchandise. It is often considered as the interior of the port of Matadi, and is in fact the starting point and the terminal of navigation on the Congo River between one part Kinshasa and Kisangani as well as on the other hand between Kinshasa and Ilebo, on the Kasai River..
The Great Market of Kinshasa, also called Central Market, was the largest market in the entire city until the opening of the Mercado de la Liberté in the commune of Messina. The latter was built under the presidency of Laurent-Désiré Kabila to reward the residents of the Tshangu district for having resisted the aggression of the rebels in August 1998. Other important markets are Gambela and Somba Zikita.
Kinshasa is considered an artistic capital and a training school that concentrates the different artistic groups that make life in the city. The heart of this movement is the Academy of Fine Arts, founded in 1943 and originally located in Gombe-Matadi, initially functioned as a sculpture class.
Among the main artistic and cultural institutions of Kinshasa are L’écolede Stanley Pool, L’école Alhadeff, l’école Saint-Luc, Le Grand Atelier, the Congolese section of the ‘Association Internationale des Critiques d’Art, Les Sablistes, and the so-called “The New Generation”.
Some famous Kinshasa painters are: Mongita, Domba, Nkusu Felelo, Maringa, Kamba Luesa, Konde Bila and Nduku a Nzambi.
The city-province of Kinshasa is divided into 4 districts and 24 communes or municipalities. The commercial and administrative center of the Congolese capital is La Gombe. The commune of Kinshasa lends its name to the entire city, but it is neither the commercial nor the administrative center of the metropolis.
Districts and their respective communes
- Funa: Bandalungwa, Bumbu, Kalamu, Kasa-Vubu, Makala, Ngiri-Ngiri, and Selembao.
- Lukunga: Barumbu, La Gombe, Kinshasa, Kintambo, Lingwala, Mont Ngafula and Ngaliema.
- Mont Amba: Kisenso, Lemba, Limete, Matete and Ngaba.
- Tshangu: Kimbanseke, Maluku, Masina, Ndjili and Nsele.
All levels of education are present in the city, including the university where the University of Kinshasa (acronym UNIKIN) stands out, a French-speaking institution of higher education in the city., Located in the commune of Lemba, it was founded in its beginnings as a University Lovanium (in Latin Louvain, evoking this important Belgian city) took its current name when it was nationalized by ordinance-law n ° 81-142 on October 3, 1891. This institution is the largest, oldest and most prestigious university in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is also a research center and teacher training center.
This headquarters of higher education has 10 faculties: Sciences, Law, Letters and Human Sciences, Economic and Management Sciences, Medicine, Pharmacy, Psychology and Education Sciences, Agronomy and Polytechnics.
There are six decentralized higher education units that depend on the University of Kinshasa, which are the following: The University Clinics, The Neuropsychopathological Center, the Monte Amba Hospital Center, the Medical Technical Institute, the Construction Academy and the Post-University School of planning and integrated management of forests and territories.
The preferred and most developed sport in the entire city is Soccer and its main center is located in the Lingwala commune where the Martyrs Stadium is located, inaugurated in 1994 and previously called “Kamanyola”, it is the second largest Africa stadium, with a capacity for 80,000 spectators. In this facility, the matches of the Democratic Republic of the Congo soccer team and the main matches of the local teams are held, as well as being used for other cultural events.
The city has two other large-capacity stadiums, the Tata Raphaël Stadium, renovated in 2006 (previously called “May 20”), this has a capacity for about 30,000 spectators and the Municipal Stadium of Kinshasa, with capacity for about 20,000 viewers.
The province-city of Kinshasa has a Football League that depends on the Football Federation of the Republic of the Congo. This league, the EPKIN, has 20 teams participating in the 2008 – 2009 season, which will be reduced to 18 from the 2009 – 2010 season. The champion and runner-up of each provincial league, in addition to other teams by merits contracted the previous season, go on to play the Linafoot, the highest category of Congolese football, Kinshasa also has a lower division than the EPKIN, the EUFKIN, which has with six groups (EUFKIN-Kilimani, EUFKIN-Lipopo, EUFKIN-Lukunga, EUFKIN-Malebo, EUFKIN-Plateau and EUFKIN-Tshangu). In the city it is also disputed, since 2001, the Kinshasa Super Cup.
The two clubs with the most league titles in the Democratic Republic of the Congo are from Kinshasa: the Daring Club Motema Pembe, which won an African Cup Winners’ Cup in 1994, and the Association Sportive Vita Club, a club that won the African Cup of Champions Clubs in 1973. and was runner-up in another edition. In addition, also from Kinshasa is the Amicale Sportive Bilima, now called Amicale Sportive Dragons, twice runner-up in the African Cup of Champion Clubs. Other clubs in the city are the Association Sportive Canon Buromeca and Athletic Club Sodigraf, runner-up in the Recopa.
Another long-established sport in the city is basketball, where the Kinshasa Provincial Basketball Entente (EPROBAKIN) and the Kinshasa Urban Basketball Entente (EUBAKIN) stand out.