Lesotho Population, Politics and Economy
According to directoryaah, Lesotho is one of the few African nation states that have a homogeneous nation with a common culture, identity and tradition. The more than two million people of the country are ethically almost completely (about 99%) to be attributed to the southern Bantu people of the Basotho. Small minorities in the country are groups of Zulu, Xhosa, Europeans and Asians.
Politics and economics in Lesotho
The Lesotho Constitution was passed on April 2nd, 1993. It defines the state’s form of government as a parliamentary monarchy with a bicameral parliament. The minimum age for elections to the National Assembly is 18 years. In terms of per capita income, Lesotho is one of the poorest countries in the world. In 2003, the proportion of the Lesotho population living on less than one US dollar a day was 43% worldwide. About 60% of the population are directly involved in agriculture. Mainly maize and sorghum are grown. Livestock farming plays an important role, especially with cattle.
The remaining part lives either from subsistence farming or as migrant workers, primarily in the mines of South Africa, where around 44,000 Basotho were employed in 2012. More recently, the textile industry in Lesotho has mainly been expanded by Asian companies. In addition, water and energy generation as well as tourism represent a viable economic potential in Lesotho, which is increasingly being promoted.
Transport network in Lesotho
In Lesotho, as in all of southern Africa, there is left-hand traffic. The geographic location and the economic framework of the country are the main reasons for a poorly developed transport system. The largely inhospitable and difficult to access terrain in the eastern plateaus and in the Drakensberg has hardly been developed in many places. Most of the roads in the Kingdom of Lesotho are similar to smaller country roads in Germany. The country’s entire road network is around 6,000 kilometers long, around 1,000 kilometers of which are paved and surprisingly or pleasantly few potholes. Lesotho has a well-developed and paved north-south main axis in the densely populated western part. Due to different vehicles,
In the capital of Lesotho there is a network of bus routes that are served by minibus taxis. However, it is almost impossible for an outsider to recognize which bus is going in which direction. There are no fixed stops. All buses start from a place near the cathedral called the Stoppo.
According to ebizdir, Lesotho does not have its own railway system. The only railway line in the country only leads from South Africa over the Caledon River to the capital Maseru.
The former international airport in Maseru is now almost exclusively used for transfer flights by the South African airline SAA to Johannesburg Airport.
Cities and regions in Lesotho
The state administration of Lesotho is divided into ten districts around the larger cities. The largest city of Lesotho is the state capital Maseru with around 330,000 residents. With around 55,000 residents, the city of Maputsoe in the Leribe district is in second place, followed by Mohale’s Hoek with around 40,000 residents. In the last few years there has been a strong shift in the number of residents in the larger cities.