Lomé, Togo

Lomé, Togo

According to abbreviationfinder, Lomé is the most important area of the Republic of Togo, it is a city located in the Gulf of Benin, in addition to being the most populated town in the nation, it is the main port of the country, as well as its capital and its industrial and administrative center.

History

In the past, this former metropolis developed from 1897 as the capital of the German colony of Togoland, and as a port for the export of raw materials. It was occupied by France and Great Britain between 1914 and 1922 and functioned as the capital of the French mandate that dominated the area until 1960, when it became the capital of independent Togo.

Geography

It is located in the southwest of the country, in the Gulf of Benin. It is an administrative, economic and transportation center as well as the most important port. Most of Togo’s international trade transits through the port of Lomé, which was expanded and deepened in 1968 so that transatlantic ships could make their entry.

Climate

The climate is equatorial, hot and humid, with temperatures always above 20 ºC and minimal seasonal variations. The rains, regulated by the southwest monsoon, are abundant.

Economic development

This city has a refinery of oil and exports coffee, coconut, cotton cocoa and palm hearts, among other products through its port. In Lomé there is also the manufacture of textile and food products and, in tourism, it stands out for its buildings, its technological development (which has allowed it to be the only Togolese site with Internet access) and its infrastructure in terms of transport.

Togo

Togolese agriculture contributed 34% of the Gross Domestic Product in 1988 and employed 70% of the labor capacity. The largest crops are cotton (14.7% of total 1986 exports), cocoa and coffee. In years without droughts, it is self-sufficient in subsistence crops: cassava, sweet potatoes, corn, millet and sorghum. Sheep, goats and poultry are raised for domestic consumption. Between 1980 – 1987 the sector increased by 0.8% per year. See population of Togo.

Industry (including mining, manufacturing, construction, and electricity) contributed 18% to GDP in 1987 and employed 9.2% of workers. Between 1980 – 1987 production declined 1.6% per year. Although only 0.3% of the working population worked in mining, in 1986 this sector contributed 12% of GDP.

Togo was one of the world’s largest producers of calcium phosphates until the mid-1980s, but global demand began to decline in the late decade and early 1990s due to the high cadmium content present in Togolese phosphates. At that time, the development of phosphates with low carbon content was being studied. Limestone and marble were also mined. The existence of iron ore, manganese, chromite and peat deposits has been verified. The manufacturing is dedicated especially to the agro-industry, steel rolling and production of cement.

Construction of a 65-mw hydroelectric plant at Nangbeto, on the Mono River, was completed in 1988 with the aim of reducing Togo’s dependence on imported electrical power from Ghana. In 1990 the construction of similar plants was planned. In 1987, fuel imports accounted for 6% of the total value.

In 1986, France was the main source of imports (manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, food products, textiles, chemicals, beverages and tobacco), followed by the Federal Republic of Germany, the Netherlands, Great Britain and Japan. That same year, the largest market for exports (calcium phosphates, cotton, cocoa and coffee) were the Netherlands, followed by the United States, France and the Federal Republic of Germany.

In 1987 Togo had 7,547 km of roads. The main ones connected Lomé with the borders of Ghana, Nigeria, Burkina Faso and Benin. The country’s largest port, Lomé, also handles freight traffic from countries further north (Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso). The port of Kpémé exports phosphates.

There are international airports in Tokoin, near Lomé, and in Niamtugu; and small airfields in Sokodé, Sansanné-Mango, Dapango and Atakpamé. In 1989,126,000 tourists visited Togo, which that year offered 2,080 hotel beds. Tourism contributed 6.53 billion CFA francs in 1986.

Togo is a member of the Council of the Alliance, the Economic Community of Western African States (Ecowas) and the Free Zone of West African States. In the early 1970s, Togo launched ambitious investment programs in industry and tourism, which were frustrated when, at the end of that decade, the international prices of its export products fell. Growing foreign debt forced the government to take austerity measures in 1983 (required by the IMF in exchange for assistance), including freezing wages and privatizing state-owned companies.

In 1989, Lomé was designated a free zone to attract local and foreign investment due to its tax advantages. A revision of the tax system made it possible to increase government revenues. Bilateral and multilateral creditors eased part of the external debt conditions. However, Togo continues to suffer from the severe social consequences caused by the economic adjustment measures, the success of which depends, to a large extent, on a strong and sustained rise in the international prices of its export products.

Social development

Education

It is educationally relevant because it houses the University of Togo and the National School of Administration on its surface.

Culture

The National Museum of Togo founded in 1975, the Great Market located in the vicinity of the cathedral, the artisan centers and the Independence Square are some of the places that should not be missed during the tour of the capital of the Togolese Republic..

Transportation

It is connected by railway lines with cities in the interior such as: Kpalimé, Atakpamé and Sokodé, and along the coast it connects with Anecho. Near Lomé is the Lomé-Tokoin Airport

Famous people of the city

  • Kossi Agassa, (1978) soccer player.
  • Moustapha Salifou, (1983) soccer player.
  • Emmanuel Adebayor, (1984) soccer player.
  • Razak Boukari, soccer player.
  • Abbe Ibrahim, soccer player.
  • Souleymane Mamam, soccer player.
  • Daré Nibombé, soccer player.
  • Kodjovi Obilalé, soccer goalkeeper.

Lomé, Togo