Major Cities in Croatia
According to ITYPEJOB, Zagreb is located in the Sava Valley on a vast plain near the Zagreb Upland. The city was first mentioned in history in 1093. Then the territory of present-day Zagreb was divided by two cities – Gradets (Upper Town) and Kaptol. Priests lived in Kaptol, and ordinary people and artisans lived in Hradec. These two cities constantly competed with each other, but in 1478 they nevertheless united. In 1991, when the new independent state of Croatia appeared on the world map, Zagrebbecame the political and administrative center of this republic.
The center of Kaptol is Capitol Hill. It houses the Cathedral of St. Stephen. The cathedral was built from the 13th to the 19th centuries and is made in the Gothic style. Its two towers and spire rise above the Old City. Opposite it stands a memorial pillar with the figure of the Virgin Mary. On the territory of Kaptol there is also the Archbishop’s Palace, the building of the National Theater, built in the 19th century, the Mimar Museum, which has about 3,700 works of art in its collection. Another hill of the city – Zahrada – is the center of Hradec. On it rises the Church of St. Mark. Nearby is the Parliament building. In Zagreb a lot of museums and galleries. The famous Egyptian collection is exhibited in the Archaeological Museum, finds from the places of the alleged Neanderthal settlement are collected in the Museum of Natural Sciences, interesting historical collections are presented in the Historical Museum, Museum of the City of Zagreb, in the Ethnographic Museum.
Worth a walk along the shopping street Ilica. Along it are many shops and cafes. Various festivals are held in the city every year. In April, the “Musical Biennale” opens, in the summer the International Festival of the New Theater “Evrokaz” takes place, in the fall you can get to the International Festival of Puppet Theaters and International Jazz Days.
The international airport is located 17 km from the city center.
Dubrovnik is located in southern Croatia on the Adriatic coast. It was founded in the 7th century and got its name from the oak forests that grow in the region. Initially, the city was under the rule of Byzantium. Its location on the seashore contributed to the rapid development of the merchant fleet, and by the 15th century it had become an independent republic. Dubrovnik later belonged to Turkey, Austria and Yugoslavia.
The image of the medieval city of Dubrovnik has been preserved to this day. Due to its cultural and historical values, it was recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site of Humanity. Old Dubrovnik it is surrounded by powerful 25-meter fortress walls, along the entire perimeter of which there are numerous towers (3 round and 12 square). The main street is Stradun. It separates a small “peninsula”, on which Old Dubrovnik is located, from the “main” part of the city. This is the only wide street lined with three-story houses with tiled roofs. It rests on a small square with the “Pillar of Orland”. Previously, this place was the center of the city, where decrees were announced and criminals were executed. Nearby is the church of St. Vlach, who is considered the patron saint of Dubrovnik. It is worth visiting the cathedral, the Franciscan and Dominican monasteries. The Franciscan monastery was built in the 14th century. Old manuscripts have been preserved here and there is also a pharmaceutical museum that will tell you about the main medicinal herbs that were used in the Middle Ages by local monks. The fountains of the Italian architect Onofrio de La Cavi are very beautiful. Of the museums, the Museum of Navigation and the Ethnographic Museum are interesting.
Despite its age, Dubrovnik is a modern European city. Burbon Street is full of bars and discos. In Dubrovnik, the International Summer Festival is held annually from July to September, and the local colorful Carnival starts in February.
But first of all, Dubrovnik is a resort. The season here starts in June and lasts until October. There are many beaches within the city. Almost every hotel has its own beach, but there are also municipal beaches. BANJE and St. JAKOV – pebble beaches. It has its own cafes and restaurants, sunbeds and umbrellas are issued to protect from the sun. The LAPAD beach is sandy, equipped with showers and changing cabins. The international airport is located
15 km from Dubrovnik.
Pula is a resort town in western Croatia. It is located in the southwest of the Istrian peninsula in a wide bay sheltered from the winds. There are no mountains in this area, but wonderful pine forests grow here. The beaches in the resort are concrete or rocky with large pebbles.
The history of Pula has more than one millennium. The first settlements in this area appeared about 1 million years BC. The foundation of the city is associated with the legend of the Argonauts, who founded the city of Polai during their journeyfor the Golden Fleece. Pula was a Roman colony for a long time, and after the fall of the Roman Empire, it first passed into the hands of the Venetians, and after them to the Austrians, becoming a major military port with them. Pula
todayis the largest city in Istria. It has become a well-known tourist center throughout Europe with a developed infrastructure. Every year it is visited by about 50 thousand tourists, who are attracted by both the favorable climate for a beach holiday and historical monuments.
Sights in Pula it is worth highlighting the perfectly preserved monuments of ancient Roman architecture – the Arc de Triomphe, the Gates of Hercules and the Colosseum, the Roman theater, the Arena amphitheater. The amphitheater stage is used as a venue for opera music festivals and performances of pop stars. Of the later architectural monuments, it is worth seeing the Church of St. Nicholas (VI century AD), the Mausoleum (VI century AD), the Town Hall (XIII century), the Franciscan Church, which presents a good collection of Roman mosaics, medieval frescoes and paintings. Finds from excavations on the territory of the peninsula are exhibited in the Archaeological Museum of Istria.
Split is the heart of Dalmatia. It is located in the central part of the Croatian coast between the cities of Zadar and Dubrovnik. It is the second most populous city in the country.
Split was founded 1700 years ago on the site of the palace of the Roman emperor Diocletian. Gradually, the palace turned into a walled city, which today is the main attraction of Split. Such masterpieces of the city as the Temple of Jupiter, the Cathedral of St. Inch, Venetian-style Procuration Square, the Silver and Golden Gates, which can rightly be considered one of the most interesting cultural monuments of the Adriatic. Split is entirely listed by UNESCO in the book of cultural monuments of world importance.
The city is famous not only for its unique architecture, which mixes several styles, but also for summer festivals, theaters, concert venues and sports facilities.
Split is not only history and architecture, but also a famous resort. The beaches in this area are good, small pebbles. From here you can get to the amazing Dalmatian islands of Brac and Hvar, and visit three national parks – Krka, Plitvice Lakes and Kornati.