Maputo, Mozambique

Maputo, Mozambique

According to abbreviationfinder, Maputo is the capital of Mozambique and of the province of the same name. The city is located in southern Mozambique, at the mouth of the Maputo River, on the shores of the Indian Ocean, specifically between the coordinates 25 ° 58′S 32 ° 35′E, covering an area of 300 km² and a population of 1,087,692 residents according to the 2007 census.

History

In 1544 the bay where the current city of Maputo is located was explored by Portuguese merchants, headed by Lourenço Marques, which is why when the city was founded at the end of the 18th century it was named after his finding.

In 1895, the construction of a railway to the South African city of Pretoria, brought with it a notable increase in its population and its economy that by 1907 led it to become the capital of Portuguese East Africa, a territory that later took its current name. from Mozambique.

After gaining independence, the city continued to be the capital of Mozambique, but from there it began to be called Maputo, a name that comes from the leader of an ancient tribe that ruled the entire area before the arrival of the Portuguese, which was called Maputa.

In 1975, at the end of the Mozambican War of Independence, and despite the fact that it did not directly affect the city because it was considered neutral, a large number of Portuguese left the city, leading to a significant deterioration of the city due to lack of access to of qualified work and capital to continue with the projects already in the construction stage and those that were planned, which was aggravated with the arrival of the Civil War that did not directly affect the city but did bring a series of problems that they were clearly reflected in the deplorable and neglected state in which the city remained after the declaration of peace, to which was added a terrible administration that made the situation even worse.

After this difficult and violent stage due to the lack of investment, the recovery of the city was very slow and even many of the city’s services continue to be precarious and no work is being done to recover the old buildings of great urban and heritage value.

Geography

The city is located in southern Mozambique, at the mouth of the Maputo River, on the shores of the Indian Ocean, specifically between the coordinates 25 ° 58′S 32 ° 35′E at 44 meters above sea level and covering an area of 300 km².

Climate

The rainy season runs from January to March. The hottest and wettest season is between October and March. From April to September is when the highest temperatures are recorded.

Population

The population of the city according to the 2007 census is 1,087,692 residents. See population of Mozambique.

Economy

Maputo’s economy is underpinned by its modern port through which countless products are exported, among which coal, cotton, sugar, chrome, sisal, copra and wood predominate. The city also has an important industrial development which supplies considerable capital to the economy. Among the most important industries stand of the cement, ceramics, furniture, shoes and rubber, and a large plant smelting of aluminum.

The important commercial infrastructure and its geographical position make Maputo a center of vital importance both nationally and internationally, with a wide and constant network of air, land and sea transport.

Architecture

Maputo is a planned city, with blocks of rectangular houses and wide avenues, containing features of Portuguese architecture from the 1970s.

Culture

The Maputo culture has a strong South African influence but is also influenced to a great extent by other dominant cultures such as the Portuguese and the Bantu. There are other cultures with some influence such as Arab, Indian or Chinese.

The most important cultural and meeting center for artists in Maputo is the Asociación Núcleo de Arte, formed by the oldest collective of artists in Mozambique and in its long history has played an important role in the cultural life of the metropolitan area and in reconciliation. after the Civil War suffered by the country. Countless painters, sculptors and potters are part of this famous Nucleus that has become very famous for its project of transforming weapons into artistic tools and objects.

Among the centers of greatest cultural value within the city are the Mozambique Natural History Museum, the National Library, the military museum and the Catholic Cathedral of Our Lady of Fatima.

Maputo hosts screenings of international documentary festivals from around the world and is home to the important Dockanema Documentary Film Festival.

The cuisine in this city is very well prepared, with an important heritage of Muslim and Portuguese cuisine, and in which seafood is very abundant.

Education

The city is home to the Eduardo Mondlane University, founded in 1962 and which was the first university in the country, and a campus of the Pedagogical University, which also has offices in other cities in the country.

Maputo, Mozambique