Mauritania Population, Politics and Economy
Population in Mauritania
While most of the population used to live as nomads, the trend is now towards the cities. In 1957 90% of the population lived in tents. In 2005 it was over 40% in cities, of which 80% live on 15% of the country’s area. According to directoryaah, life expectancy in 2005 was only 54 years.
In Mauritania, Arab, Berber and black African ethnic groups come together who have mixed up with one another so that it is hardly possible to give percentages for individual ethnic groups. About 70% of the population speak Hassania. They belong to the Arab-Berber Moors. Almost 100 percent of the population are now Sunni Muslims.
Politics and economy in Mauritania
Islam is the state religion in Mauritania and Islamic law applies. According to the 2006 Constitution, Mauritania is a Presidential Islamic Republic. The head of state is elected directly by the people every 5 years. Men and women have the right to vote once they have reached the age of 18.
According to ebizdir, Mauritania is one of the poorest countries in the world. However, in addition to great poverty, there is also much greater wealth. The main industries are agriculture, fishing and ore mining. There are also isolated gold and copper mines. Oil has been drilled off the coast of Mauritania since 2006.
There is only one railway line that runs across the desert to the coastal town of Nouadhibou. It is used to transport iron ore. At up to 21,000 tons, the train is one of the longest and heaviest in the world. There are only international airports in the capital, as well as one in Atar and one in Nouadhibou. The road network is so extensive that there have been well-paved roads between all major cities since 2006. The entire road network covered around 10,628 km in 2010, of which 3,158 km are paved.
Cities and regions in Mauritania
Mauritania is divided into 15 regions, three of which form the capital Nouakchott.
The 11 biggest cities in Mauritania are: