We are providing a comprehensive directory of public libraries in ST. Louis City, MO. This list includes library formal name, street address, postal code, phone number and how many books are available. Check the following list to see all public libraries in Missouri ST. Louis City.
1. Bookmobile ADULT & YOUTH SERVICES OUTREACH
1301 Olive Street, ST. Louis, MO 63103
Phone Number: (314) 340-2400 ST. Louis City N/A N/A
2. Branch Library BADEN BRANCH
Street Address: 8448 Church Road, ST. Louis, MO 63147
Phone Number: (314) 388-2400 ST. Louis City N/A N/A
3. Branch Library BARR BRANCH
Street Address: 1701 S. Jefferson, ST. Louis, MO 63104
Phone Number: (314) 771-7040 ST. Louis City N/A N/A
4. Bookmobile BOOKMOBILE
1640 S. Lindbergh BLVD., ST. Louis, MO 63131
Phone Number: (314) 994-3300 ST. Louis N/A N/A
5. Library System BRENTWOOD PUBLIC LIBRARY
Street Address: 8765 Eulalie, Brentwood, MO 63144
Phone Number: (314) 963-8630 ST. Louis 84,932 32,448
6. Central Library BRENTWOOD PUBLIC LIBRARY
Street Address: 8765 Eulalie AVE., Brentwood, MO 63141
Phone Number: (314) 963-8630 Saint Louis N/A N/A
7. Branch Library BRIDGETON TRAILS BRANCH
Street Address: 3455 Mckelvey RD., Bridgeton, MO 63044
Phone Number: (314) 291-7570 ST. Louis N/A N/A
8. Branch Library BUDER BRANCH LIBRARY
Street Address: 4401 Hampton Avenue, ST. Louis, MO 63109
Phone Number: (314) 352-2900 ST. Louis City N/A N/A
9. Branch Library CABANNE BRANCH
Street Address: 1106 N. Union, ST. Louis, MO 63113
Phone Number: (314) 367-0717 ST. Louis City N/A N/A
10. Branch Library CARONDELET BRANCH
Street Address: 6800 Michigan Avenue, ST. Louis, MO 63111
Phone Number: (314) 752-9224 ST. Louis City N/A N/A
11. Branch Library CARPENTER BRANCH
Street Address: 3309 S. Grand Avenue, ST. Louis, MO 63118
Phone Number: (314) 772-6586 ST. Louis City N/A N/A
12. Central Library CENTRAL LIBRARY
Street Address: 1301 Olive Street, ST. Louis, MO 63103
Phone Number: (314) 241-2288 ST. Louis City N/A N/A
13. Branch Library CHARING CROSS BRANCH
Street Address: 356 N. Skinker, ST. Louis, MO 63130
Phone Number: (314) 726-2653 ST. Louis City N/A N/A
14. Library System CITY OF WEBSTER GROVES MUNICIPAL LIBRARY
Street Address: 301 E. Lockwood Avenue, Webster Groves, MO 63119
Phone Number: (314) 961-3784 ST. Louis 266,903 172,000
15. Branch Library CLIFF CAVE BRANCH
Street Address: 5430 Telegraph RD., ST. Louis, MO 63129
Phone Number: (314) 487-6003 ST. Louis N/A N/A
16. Branch Library DANIEL BOONE BRANCH
Street Address: 300 Clarkson Road, Ballwin, MO 63011
Phone Number: (636) 227-9630 ST. Louis N/A N/A
17. Branch Library DIVOLL BRANCH
Street Address: 4234 N. Grand Avenue, ST. Louis, MO 63107
Phone Number: (314) 534-0313 ST. Louis City N/A N/A
18. Branch Library EUREKA HILLS BRANCH
Street Address: 103 Hilltop Village Center, Eureka, MO 63025
Phone Number: (636) 938-4520 ST. Louis N/A N/A
19. Central Library FERGUSON MUNICIPAL LIBRARY
Street Address: 35 North Florissant Road, Ferguson, MO 63135
Phone Number: (314) 521-4820 Saint Louis N/A N/A
20. Library System FERGUSON MUNICIPAL PUBLIC LIBRARY DISTRICT
35 N. Florissant RD., Ferguson, MO 63135
Phone Number: (314) 521-4820 St Louis 70,421 141,531
21. Branch Library FILM LIBRARY
Street Address: 1624 Locust Street, ST. Louis, MO 63103
Phone Number: (314) 241-0478 ST. Louis City N/A N/A
22. Branch Library FLORISSANT VALLEY BRANCH
Street Address: 195 New Florissant RD. S., Florissant, MO 63031
Phone Number: (314) 921-7200 ST. Louis N/A N/A
23. Branch Library GRAND GLAIZE BRANCH
Street Address: 1010 Meramec Station RD., Manchester, MO 63021
Phone Number: (696) 225-6454 ST. Louis N/A N/A
24. Branch Library INDIAN TRAILS BRANCH
Street Address: 8400 Delport DR., Vinita Park, MO 63114
Phone Number: (314) 428-5424 ST. Louis N/A N/A
25. Branch Library JAMESTOWN BLUFFS BRANCH
Street Address: 4153 N. HWY. 67, Florissant, MO 63034
Phone Number: (314) 741-6800 ST. Louis N/A N/A
26. Branch Library JULIA DAVIS BRANCH
Street Address: 4415 Natural Bridge, ST. Louis, MO 63115
Phone Number: (314) 383-3021 ST. Louis City N/A N/A
27. Branch Library KINGSHIGHWAY BRANCH
Street Address: 2260 S. Vandeventer, ST. Louis, MO 63110
Phone Number: (314) 771-5450 ST. Louis City N/A N/A
28. Central Library KIRKWOOD PUBLIC LIBRARY
Street Address: 140 E. Jefferson AVE., Kirkwood, MO 63122
Phone Number: (314) 821-5770 Saint Louis N/A N/A
29. Library System KIRKWOOD PUBLIC LIBRARY
Street Address: 140 East Jefferson Ave, Kirkwood, MO 63122
Phone Number: (314) 821-5770 ST. Louis 316,526 303,080
30. Branch Library LEWIS AND CLARK BRANCH
Street Address: 9909 Lewis And Clark BLVD., ST. Louis, MO 63136
Phone Number: (314) 868-0331 ST. Louis N/A N/A
31. Branch Library MACHACEK BRANCH
Street Address: 6424 Scanlan Avenue, ST. Louis, MO 63139
Phone Number: (314) 781-2948 ST. Louis City N/A N/A
32. Central Library MAPLEWOOD PUBLIC LIBRARY
Street Address: 7601 Manchester, Maplewood, MO 63143
Phone Number: (314) 781-2174 Saint Louis N/A N/A
33. Library System MAPLEWOOD PUBLIC LIBRARY
Street Address: 7601 Manchester AVE., Maplewood, MO 63143
Phone Number: (314) 781-2174 ST. Louis 76,173 39,674
34. Branch Library MARKETPLACE MINIBRANCH
Street Address: 6548 Manchester Avenue, ST. Louis, MO 63139
Phone Number: (314) 647-0939 ST. Louis City N/A N/A
35. Branch Library MERAMEC VALLEY BRANCH
Street Address: 645 New Smizer Mill RD., Fenton, MO 63026
Phone Number: (636) 349-4981 ST. Louis N/A N/A
36. Branch Library MID-COUNTY BRANCH
Street Address: 7821 Maryland AVE., Clayton, MO 63105
Phone Number: (314) 721-3008 ST. Louis N/A N/A
37. Branch Library NATURAL BRIDGE BRANCH
Street Address: 7606 Natural Bridge RD., ST. Louis, MO 63121
Phone Number: (314) 382-3116 ST. Louis N/A N/A
38. Branch Library OAK BEND BRANCH
Street Address: 842 S. Holmes AVE., ST. Louis, MO 63122
Phone Number: (314) 822-0051 ST. Louis N/A N/A
39. Branch Library PRAIRIE COMMONS BRANCH
Street Address: 915 Utz LN., Hazelwood, MO 63042
Phone Number: (314) 895-1023 ST. Louis N/A N/A
40. Library System RICHMOND HEIGHTS MEMORIAL LIBRARY
Street Address: 8001 Dale Avenue, Richmond Heights, MO 63117
Phone Number: (314) 645-6202 ST. Louis 184,729 150,483
41. Central Library RICHMOND HEIGHTS MEMORIAL LIBRARY
Street Address: 8001 Dale Avenue, Richmond Heights, MO 63117
Phone Number: (314) 645-6202 Saint Louis N/A N/A
42. Central Library ROCK HILL PUBLIC LIBRARY
Street Address: 9741 Manchester Road, Rock Hill, MO 63119
Phone Number: (314) 962-4723 Saint Louis N/A N/A
43. Library System ROCK HILL PUBLIC LIBRARY
Street Address: 9741 Manchester Road, Rock Hill, MO 63119
Phone Number: (314) 962-4723 ST. Louis 42,805 22,900
44. Branch Library ROCK ROAD BRANCH
Street Address: 10267 ST. Charles Rock RD., ST. Ann, MO 63074
Phone Number: (314) 439-5116 ST. Louis N/A N/A
45. Library System SAINT LOUIS COUNTY LIBRARY
Street Address: 1640 South Lindbergh Blvd, ST. Louis, MO 63131
Phone Number: (314) 994-3300 ST. Louis 9,096,309 4,389,539
46. Central Library SAINT LOUIS COUNTY LIBRARY
Street Address: 1640 S. Lindbergh BLVD., ST. Louis, MO 63131
Phone Number: (314) 994-3300 ST. Louis N/A N/A
47. Library System SAINT LOUIS PUBLIC LIBRARY
Street Address: 1301 Olive Street, ST. Louis, MO 63103
Phone Number: (314) 241-2288 ST. Louis City 2,501,285 2,224,323
48. Branch Library SAMUEL C. SACHS BRANCH
Street Address: 16400 Burkhardt Place, Chesterfield, MO 63017
Phone Number: (636) 728-0001 ST. Louis N/A N/A
49. Branch Library SCHLAFLY BRANCH
Street Address: 225 N. Euclid AVE., ST. Louis, MO 63108
Phone Number: (314) 367-4120 ST. Louis City N/A N/A
50. Branch Library TESSON FERRY BRANCH
Street Address: 9920 Lin-ferry DR., ST. Louis, MO 63123
Phone Number: (314) 843-0560 ST. Louis N/A N/A
51. Branch Library THORNHILL BRANCH
Street Address: 12863 Willowyck DR., ST. Louis, MO 63146
Phone Number: (314) 878-7730 ST. Louis N/A N/A
52. Library System UNIVERSITY CITY PUBLIC LIBRARY
Street Address: 6701 Delmar BLVD., University City, MO 63130
Phone Number: (314) 727-3150 ST. Louis 413,601 266,875
53. Central Library UNIVERSITY CITY PUBLIC LIBRARY
Street Address: 6701 Delmar Boulevard, University City, MO 63130
Phone Number: (314) 727-3150 Saint Louis N/A N/A
54. Central Library VALLEY PARK COMMUNITY LIBRARY
Street Address: 320 Benton Street, Valley Park, MO 63088
Phone Number: (314) 225-5608 ST. Louis N/A N/A
55. Library System VALLEY PARK COMMUNITY LIBRARY
Street Address: 320 Benton Street, Valley Park, MO 63088
Phone Number: (636) 225-5608 ST. Louis 16,050 15,166
56. Branch Library WALNUT PARK BRANCH
Street Address: 5760 W. Florissant, ST. Louis, MO 63120
Phone Number: (314) 383-1210 ST. Louis City N/A N/A
57. Branch Library WEBER ROAD BRANCH
Street Address: 4444 Weber RD., ST. Louis, MO 63123
Phone Number: (314) 638-2210 ST. Louis N/A N/A
58. Central Library WEBSTER GROVES PUBLIC LIBRARY
Street Address: 301 East Lockwood Avenue, Webster Groves, MO 63119
Phone Number: (314) 961-3784 Saint Louis N/A N/A
Overview of Saint Louis, Missouri
According to countryaah, Saint Louis encompasses an independent city in the American state of Missouri (the “City of Saint Louis”) and its metropolitan area (“Greater Saint Louis”). The city, which is named after Louis IX of France, borders, but is not a part of, Saint Louis County, Missouri. The Saint Louis metropolitan area, which includes counties in both Missouri and Illinois, is the 18th largest in the United States, with a total population of 2,603,607 as of the 2000 census. While the population of the metropolitan area has been increasing, the population of the City of Saint Louis (348,189) has been declining since the 1950s, as many have moved to the many suburbs in Saint Louis County, or to other parts of the metropolitan area.
Nickname: the “Gateway City” (“Gateway to the West”)
Former Nickname: “Mound City”
Unoffical Nicknames: “The Lou”, “The STL”, “STLMO”, “Saint Louie”, Baseball City USA
The settlement that would become the city of Saint Louis was founded by French explorers in 1763.
European exploration of the area had begun nearly a century earlier. Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette, both French, traveled through the Mississippi River valley in 1673, and five years later, La Salle claimed the entire valley for France. He called it “Louisiana” after King Louis XIV; the French also called their region “Illinois Country”. In 1699, a settlement was established across the river from what is now Saint Louis, at Cahokia. Other early settlements were downriver at Kaskaskia, Illinois, Prairie du Pont, Fort de Chartres, and Sainte Genevieve. In 1703, Catholic priests established a small mission at what is now St. Louis. The mission was later moved across the Mississippi, but the small river at the site (now a channelized drainage ditch near the southern boundary of the City of Saint Louis) still bears the name River Des Peres (River of the Fathers).
In 1763, Pierre Laclede, his 13-year-old stepson Auguste Chouteau, and a small band of men traveled up the Mississippi from New Orleans. In November, they landed a few miles downstream of the river’s confluence with the Missouri River at a site where wooded limestone bluffs rose 40 feet above the river. The men returned to Fort de Chartres for the winter, but in February, Laclede sent Chouteau and 30 men to begin construction. The settlement was established on February 15, 1764.
The settlement began to grow quickly after word arrived that the 1763 Treaty of Paris (1763) had given England all the land east of the Mississippi. Frenchmen who had settled to the river’s east moved across the water to “Laclede’s Village”. Other early settlements were established nearby at Saint Charles, Carondelet (now a part of the city of Saint Louis), Saint Ferdinand (now Florissant), and Portage des Sioux.
From 1766 to 1768, St. Louis was governed by the French lieutenant governor, Louis Saint Ange de Bellerive. After 1768, St. Louis was governed by a series of Spanish governors, whose administration continued even after Louisiana was secretly returned to France in 1800 by the Treaty of San Ildefonso. The town’s population was then about a thousand.
Saint Louis was acquired from France by the United States under President Thomas Jefferson in 1803, as part of the Louisiana Purchase. The transfer of power from Spain was made official in a ceremony called “Three Flags Day”. On March 8, 1804, the Spanish flag was lowered and the French one raised. On March 10, the French flag was replaced by the United States flag.
The Lewis and Clark Expedition left the Saint Louis area in May 1804, reached the Pacific Ocean in the summer of 1805, and returned on Sept. 23, 1806. Many other explorers, settlers, and trappers (such as Ashley’s Hundred) would later take a similar route to the West.
The steamboat era began in Saint Louis on July 27, 1817, with the arrival of the Zebulon M. Pike. Rapids north of the city made Saint Louis the northernmost navigable port for many large boats, and Pike and her sisters soon transformed St. Louis into a bustling boomtown, commercial center, and inland port. By the 1850s, Saint Louis had become the largest U.S. city west of Pittsburgh, and the second-largest port in the country, with a commercial tonnage exceeded only by New York.
Missouri became a state in 1820. Saint Louis was incorporated as a city on December 9, 1822. A U.S. arsenal was constructed at Saint Louis in 1827.
Immigrants flooded into Saint Louis after 1840, particularly from Germany, Bohemia and Ireland, the latter driven by an Old World potato famine. The population of Saint Louis grew from fewer than 20,000 in 1840, to 77,860 in 1850, to just over 160,000 by 1860.
Two disasters occurred in 1849: a cholera epidemic killed nearly one-tenth of the population, and a fire destroyed numerous steamboats and a large portion of the city.
In the first half of the 19th century, a second channel developed in the Mississippi River at Saint Louis. An island (“Bloody Island”) formed between the two channels, and a smaller island (“Duncan’s Island”) developed below Saint Louis. It was feared that the levee at St. Louis might be left high and dry, and federal assistance was sought and obtained. Under the supervision of Robert E. Lee, levees were constructed on the Illinois side to direct water toward the Missouri side and eliminate the second channel. Bloody Island was joined to the land on the Illinois side, and Duncan’s Island was washed away.
Militarily, the Civil War (1861-1865) barely touched St. Louis; the area saw only a few skirmishes in which Union forces prevailed. But the war shut down trade with the South, devastating the city’s economy. Missouri was nominally a slave state, but its economy did not depend on slavery, and it never seceded from the Union. The arsenal at Saint Louis was used during the war to construct ironclad ships for the Union.
On July 4, 1876 the City of Saint Louis voted to remove itself from Saint Louis County and become Saint Louis City and Saint Louis County. At that time the County was primarily rural and sparsely populated, and the fast-growing City did not want to spend their tax dollars on infastructure and services for the inefficent county. This decision would gravely come back to haunt the City as white flight with suburban development and population migration outside the City limits would cost the City millions of lost tax dollars and contribute to the City’s deterioration.
Saint Louis is one of several cities that claims to have the world’s first skyscraper. The Wainwright Building, a 10-story structure designed by Louis Sullivan and built in 1892, still stands at Chestnut and Seventh Streets and is today used by the State of Missouri as a government office building.
Nikola Tesla made the first public demonstration of radio communication here in 1893. Addressing the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and the National Electric Light Association, he described and demonstrated in detail the principles of radio communication. The apparatus that he used contained all the elements that were incorporated into radio systems before the development of the vacuum tube.
In 1904, the city hosted the World’s Fair and the Olympic Games, making the United States the first English-speaking country to host the Olympics.
The uranium used in the Manhattan Project to build the first atomic bomb was refined in Saint Louis by Mallinckrodt Chemical Co., starting in 1942.
The Pruitt-Igoe housing project, built in 1955 and demolished in 1972, is one of the most infamous failures of urban planning. (The buildings were the first major work by Minoru Yamasaki, who later designed the World Trade Center.)
The city of Saint Louis extends along the western banks of the Mississippi River, just south of the Missouri-Mississippi confluence. Much of the area is a gently rolling prairie with low hills and broad, shallow valleys. Both the Mississippi River and the Missouri River have cut large valleys with wide flood plains. Limestone underlies much of the area and there are some sinkholes and caves, although most of the caves have been sealed shut.
The western and northern boundaries of Saint Louis County are defined by the Missouri River. Near the southern boundary of Saint Louis County is the Meramec River.
At the southern boundary of the city of Saint Louis (separating it from the county) is the River des Peres, virtually the only river or stream within the city limits that is not entirely underground. Most of River des Peres was either channelized or put underground in the 1920s and early 1930s. The lower section is an open channel with a sewer at the bottom. Because of poor water quality, the River des Peres has acquired some uncomplimentary local nicknames, such the “River de Pew” and “River Despair”. The lower section of the river was the site of some of the worst flooding of the Great Flood of 1993.
Near the central, western boundary of the city is Forest Park, site of the 1904 World’s fair, the Louisiana Purchase Exposition of 1904 or, as it is commonly known, the Saint Louis World’s Fair, and the 1904 Summer Olympics, the first Olympic Games held in North America. At the time, Saint Louis was the fourth most populous city in the United States.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 171.3 km² (66.2 mi²). 160.4 km² (61.9 mi²) of it is land and 11.0 km² (4.2 mi² or 6.39%) of it is water.
The Saint Louis, MO, IL MSA
The Saint Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area
The Saint Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area, the 18th largest in the United States (population: 2,603,607), includes Saint Louis County (1,016,315), the independent City of Saint Louis (348,189), the Missouri counties of Saint Charles (283,883), Jefferson (198,099), Franklin (93,807), Lincoln (38,944) and Warren (24,525), and the Illinois counties of Madison (258,941), Saint Clair (256,082), Clinton (35,535), Monroe (27,619) and Jersey (21,668).
Cities in the Saint Louis MO-IL MSA include numerous municipalities (suburbs) in Saint Louis County, as well as St. Charles (population: 60,321) and Saint Peters (51,381) in Missouri, and Alton (30,496), Granite City (31,301), East Saint Louis (31,542) and Belleville (41,410) in Illinois.
As of the census of 2000, there are 348,189 people, 147,076 households, and 76,920 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,171.1/km² (5,622.9/mi²). There are 176,354 housing units at an average density of 1,099.7/km² (2,847.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 51.20% African American, 43.85% White, 1.98% Asian, 0.27% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.80% from other races, and 1.88% from two or more races. 2.02% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. Historically, North Saint Louis City has been primarily African American while South Saint Louis City has been primarily White. This has changed in recent years as large portions of North Saint Louis City have been depopulated, with African-American residents moving either south or to surrounding counties.
There are 147,076 households, out of which 25.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.2% are married couples living together, 21.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 47.7% are non-families. 40.3% of all households are made up of individuals and 12.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.30 and the average family size is 3.19.
In the city the population is spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34 years. For every 100 females there are 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 84.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $27,156, and the median income for a family is $32,585. Males have a median income of $30,106 versus $24,987 for females. The per capita income for the city is $16,108. 24.6% of the population and 20.8% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 36.4% of those under the age of 18 and 17.4% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
During the last half century, the city of Saint Louis, whose boundaries have been constrained since 1876, has suffered from population decline:
- 1950- 856,796
- 1960- 750,026
- 1970- 622,236
- 1980- 453,085
- 1990- 396,685
- 2000- 348,189
- 2002- 338,353
The City of St. Louis is divided into 81 neighborhoods–79 officially. These divisions have no legal standing, although some neighborhood associations administer grants or hold veto power over historic-district development. Nevertheless, the social and political influence of neighborhood identity is profound. Some hold avenues of massive stone edifices built as palaces for heads of state visiting the 1904 World’s Fair. Others offer tidy working-class bungalows, hip loft districts, or areas hard-hit by social problems and unemployment. Many of them have retained–quite consciously and deliberately–a camaraderie that is missing from many American towns today.
Among the best-known, architecturally significant, or well-visited neighborhoods are:
- Benton Park, placed on the National Register of Historic Places as Missouri’s largest Federal Register District in 1985
- Central West End
- Downtown St. Louis
- The Hill, Louis’ world-renowned Little Italy
- Lafayette Square
- Midtown St. Louis
- Shaw, home to the Missouri Botanical Gardenand named after the Garden’s founder, Henry Shaw
- Soulard, home of the second-largest Mardi Gras festival in the nation
- Tower Grove East, named for nearby Tower Grove Park
- Tower Grove South
Neighborhoods outside the city limits
- University City, whose popular “Loop” business district borders Louis
Saint Louis punches above its weight as a center for corporate headquarters. Beer commercials have made the city well known as the home of Anheuser-Busch Breweries. Two local brokerages, A.G. Edwards and Edward Jones, have grown into dominant players on America’s financial landscape. It is also the site for the headquarters of Energizer, the battery company. Neighboring suburbs host Monsanto, formerly a chemical company and now a leader in genetically modified crops, and Solutia, the former Monsanto chemical division that was spun off as a separate company in 1997. Hardee’s corporate headquarters lies in the metro area. Enterprise Rent-A-Car is headquartered in Clayton.
However, in recent years, many longtime corporate pillars have left St. Louis. Saint Louis was the corporate headquarters of McDonnell-Douglas prior to its 1997 merger with Boeing. Upon the merger, the area became the headquarters for Boeing’s $27 billion-per-year Integrated Defense Systems division and its company-wide Phantom Works R&D operation. Locally, Boeing manufactures the F/A-18 Super Hornet and JDAM smart bombs, and has developed — at times secretly — several unmanned combat air vehicles (UCAVs). However, when Boeing relocated its corporate headquarters from Seattle, Washington in 2001, it moved to Chicago — Saint Louis was not one of the final candidates.
From 1994 until its acquisition in 2000 by Tyco International, another chemical company, Mallinckrodt, was headquartered in Saint Louis County. Many of the former Mallinckrodt facilities are still in operation by Tyco in the Saint Louis suburb of Hazelwood, Missouri.
Saint Louis has also been corporate headquarters for animal feed and human-food maker Ralston Purina (split up and acquired by out-of-town interests, although St. Louis-based Energizer is a former subsidiary), Trans World Airlines (acquired by American Airlines, which then dismantled TWA’s St. Louis hub), telecommunications company SBC (moved to San Antonio), and military contractor General Dynamics (moved to Washington, D.C.). All major St. Louis banks have been purchased by out-of-town banks. The city retains a Federal Reserve Bank.
Saint Louis remains home to railway car plants; two DaimlerChrysler plants in the nearby suburb of Fenton, where minivans and pickup trucks are built; a General Motors plant in suburban Wentzville; and a Ford Motor Company plant in Hazelwood, where SUVs are built.
The region has built up a formidable health care industry. This is dominated by BJC HealthCare, which operates Barnes-Jewish Hospital and St. Louis Children’s Hospital, plus eleven others. BJC benefits from a symbiotic relationship with Washington University’s School of Medicine, which is a major center of medical research. Other major players include SSM Health Care, St. John’s Mercy, and the Tenet Corporation chain.
Although local housing costs have risen in recent years, they are still significantly below the national average, and are a revelation to new arrivals from the coasts. From the mid-1990s onward, the City of St. Louis itself has seen a major surge in housing rehabilitation as well as new construction on cleared sites. As a rule, other costs of living also are at or below the national average. Wages tend to reflect these facts, likewise being at or slightly below the average.
- Forest Park, located on the western edge of the central corridor of the City of Louis, is one of the largest urban parks in the world. It offers many of Saint Louis’ most popular attractions: the free Saint Louis Zoological Park; the Municipal Theatre (“The Muny”), the largest and oldest outdoor musical theatre in the United States; the Saint Louis Science Center and Observatory, with its architecturally distinctive McDonnell Planetarium; the Saint Louis Art Museum (also free); the Missouri History Museum; and, of course, plenty of lakes and scenic, open areas. Forest Park completed a multimillion dollar renovation in 2004 for the centennial of the St. Louis World’s Fair.
- The Missouri Botanical Garden, also known as “Shaw’s Garden”, is one of the world’s leading botanical research It possesses a beautiful collection of flowery plants, shrubs, and trees: It includes the Japanese Garden, which features a lake filled with koiand lovely gravel designs; the woodsy English Garden; the Chinese Garden; the Home Gardening Center; a rose garden; the climate-controlled dome Climatron; and other scenic gardens. Immediately south of the Missouri Botanical Garden is Tower Grove Park, a gift to the City by Henry Shaw.
- The Gateway Arch, officially named the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, is located near the riverfront in downtown Saint Louis. It was designed by noted architectEero Saarinen. The Arch is the centerpiece of a national park that also includes the nearby Old Courthouse, where the famous Dred Scott case was tried.
- The Cathedral Basilica of Saint Louis, the New Cathedral is a large Roman Catholiccathedral designed in the Byzantine and Romanesque The interior is decorated with lovely mosaics, the largest mosaic collection in the world.
- The Basilica of St. Louis, King of France (1834), also known as the “Old Cathedral”, is the oldest Roman Catholic cathedral west of the Mississippi River. The Old Cathedral is located adjacent to the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial.
- The Fox Theatre, originally one of many movie theatres along Grand Boulevard, is now a newly restored theatre featuring Byzantine The Fox Theatre presents a Broadway Series in addition to concerts.
- The Hillis a historically Italian neighborhood where many of the area’s best Italian restaurants can be found. The Hill was the home of Yogi Berra and many other noted baseball players.
- Laclede’s Landing, located on the Mississippi Riverfrontdirectly north of the historic Eads Bridge, is popular for its restaurants and clubs.
- The InternationalBowling Museum and Hall of Fame is located by Busch Stadium in downtown Saint Louis.
- The Eugene FieldHouse, located in downtown Saint Louis, is a museum dedicated to the distinguished children’s author.
- The City Museumoffers a variety of fun exhibits. Including a several large caves, and a huge outdoor playground. It also serves as a meeting point for Saint Louis’ young arts scene. “Unlike any museum you’ve ever seen before”.
- The Saint Louis Symphony Orchestraplays at Powell Symphony Hall. Leonard Slatkin is one of the former conductors.
Saint Louis also possesses several extant examples of 18th and 19th century architecture, such as the Soulard Market district (1779-1842), the Chatillon-de Menil House (1848), the Bellefontaine Cemetery (1850), the Robert G. Campbell House (1852), the Old Courthouse (1845-62), the original Anheuser-Busch Brewery (1860), and two of Louis Sullivan’s early skyscrapers: the Wainwright Building (1890-1), and the Union Trust Building.
- The Delmar Loop, located in University Cityjust west of the Saint Louis city line, is a popular entertainment, cultural and restaurant district.
- The Butterfly House is located in western Louis County.
- The Museum of Transportation is located in Kirkwood, a suburb in southwestern Louis County.
- Six Flags- Saint Louis, known as “Six Flags over Mid-America” when it opened in 1971, is an amusement park located in Eureka, Missouri, in the far west of Louis County.
- Saint Charles, seatof Charles County and first capital of the state of Missouri, is the location from which the Lewis and Clark Expedition began. It also has a downtown historic district with many small craft shops.
- Cahokia Mounds, located near Collinsville, Illinois, holds the ruins of a city of the ancient Mississippianaboriginal culture. Similar mounds within Saint Louis, used as construction fill in the 1800s, gave the city one of its nicknames.
Enthusiastic and knowledgable fans give the city a reputation as “a good sports town” or even “Baseball City USA.” In 2000 – 2001, The Sporting News rated St. Louis the nation’s “Best Sports City.” Although the city has or had professional football, hockey, basketball teams, it is baseball that is arguably the epicenter of the city’s sporting life. The St. Louis Cardinals, one of the oldest franchises in Major League Baseball, have accumulated nine World Series titles since 1892, second only to the New York Yankees. (The 2005 baseball season will be the last played at historic Busch Stadium; a new Busch Stadium is to be built, with views of the Saint Louis skyline and the Gateway Arch.)
|St. Louis Cardinals||Baseball||Major League Baseball: NL||Busch Stadium|
|St. Louis Rams||Football||National Football League: NFC||Edward Jones Dome|
|St. Louis Blues||Hockey||National Hockey League||Savvis Center|
|St. Louis Steamers||Soccer||Major Indoor Soccer League||Savvis Center|
|River City Rage||Arena Football||National Indoor Football League||Family Arena|
On April 4, 2005, North Carolina won the NCAA Men’s Division I Basketball Championship Final Four at Edward Jones Dome.
The Savvis Center will host the 2007 Frozen Four college ice hockey tournament on April 5 and April 7, 2007.
In April 2009 Edward Jones Dome will host the NCAA Women’s Division I Basketball Championship Final Four.
Gateway International Speedway host NASCAR event in nearby Madison, Illinois.
The Savvis Center hosts the annual “Braggin’ Rights” game, a men’s college basketball rivalry game between Illinois and Missouri. St. Louis is roughly equidistant from the two campuses.
Other Sports teams
Gateway Grizzlies- Minor League Baseball team and member of the Frontier League which, plays at GMC Stadium in Sauget, Illinois
River City Rascals – Minor League Baseball team and member of the Frontier League, which plays at T.R. Hughes Stadium in O’Fallon, Missouri
Missouri River Otters- Member of the United Hockey League, which plays at Family Arena in St. Charles, Missouri
- Fried-brain sandwiches
- Gooey butter cake
- Missouri wine
- Pork steaks
- Provel cheese
- Saint Louis-style pizza, exemplified by regional chain Imo’s Pizza
- Ted DrewesFrozen Custard
- Toasted ravioli
Colleges and universities
Saint Louis and its surrounding area are the home of several major universities, colleges, and higher education facilities:
- Saint Louis University, the oldest universitywest of the Mississippi River
- Parks College of Aviation and Aeronautical SciencesA division of SLU.
- Washington University in St. Louis
- Webster University
- University of Missouri – St. Louis
- Concordia Seminaryof The Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod
- Fontbonne University
- Eden Seminary
- Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, one of the two Southern Illinois University system schools
- Lindenwood University
- Maryville University
- Harris-Stowe State College
- Hickey College
- Missouri Baptist University
- Ranken Technical College
- University of Phoenix- Louis Campus
- Saint Louis College of Pharmacy
- Missouri Tech University
- Kenrick Glennon Seminary
- National Academy of Beauty Arts
- Missouri College
- Deaconess College of Nursing
- Aquinas Institute of Theology
- Covenant Theological Seminary
- Allied Medical College
- Patricia Stevens College
Because of its colleges, hospitals, and companies like Monsanto, Saint Louis is respected as a center of medicine and biotechnology. Barnes-Jewish hospital, in junction with Washington University in St. Louis’s School of Medicine, is the fifth largest in the world, while WashU’s Medicial School consistently ranks in the top 5 nationally.
The Saint Louis Post-Dispatch is the only daily newspaper in St. Louis. It was founded by Joseph Pulitzer in the 1800s. Pulitzer Publishing also owns the Suburban Journals, a collection of local newspapers. In 2005, Pulitzer Publishing was acquired by Davenport, Iowa based Lee Enterprises, which has acquired several newspaper chains throughout the Midwest. Other alternative weeklies include the Saint Louis American (the oldest African-American newspaper in America), The Saint Louis Argus (another respected African-American paper), The Evening Whirl (flamboyant and sensational) and the Riverfront Times,though its coverage is more focused on political and social commentary, and local entertainment than news. Several other neighborhood and suburban journals cover local news. A variety of glossy monthlies caters largely to social and lifestyle concerns. St. Louis had a second major newspaper, the St. Louis Globe-Democrat, which acted as an evening counterpart to the Post-Dispatch’s morning edition until it folded in the mid-1980’s. The Belleville (Illinois) News Democrat is published daily and serves many Illinois communities in the St. Louis Metro Area.
Radio station KMOX (1120 AM) pioneered the call-in talk radio format in the 1960s. With its 50,000-watt, clear-channel signal, sports lineup, and unusually active newsroom operation, it is influential. St. Louis also has the usual lineup of local network-affiliate television stations, of which KTVI-2 (Fox Broadcasting Company), KMOV-4 (CBS), KSDK-5 (NBC) and KPLR-11 (WB) have news operations. Public radio station KWMU (90.7 FM) and PBS station KETC-9 have extensive locally-produced programming on social issues, politics, and entertainment. In the City of St. Louis proper, the government-operated cable channel City 10 offers public affairs programming. It is also one of only a few US cites to have it’s very own community radio station, KDHX (88.1) features a wide range of music and talk from people in the community.
Saint Louis is also home to the last remaining metropolitan journalism review, the Saint Louis Journalism Review, based at Webster University in the suburb of Webster Groves, Missouri.
Saint Louis has long been associated with ragtime, jazz and blues. More recently, the rise of Nelly, The Saint Lunatics, Murphy Lee, Chingy, and other musicians have made it one of the centers of rap and hip-hop, often mentioned side-by-side with New York City, Atlanta, Los Angeles, and Detroit.
Like most American cities, the main method of transportation is the automobile. Use of the automobile is supported by the existence of many limited-access interstate highways (I-70, I-55, I-44, I-64, I-255, I-170, and I-270), as well as numerous state and county highways. Also, located as an enclave in northern Saint Louis County, near the Missouri River, is the Lambert-Saint Louis International Airport, which is administered by the city of Saint Louis.
Mass transit is provided in two forms, both of which are controlled by one agency: the city bus system and Metrolink, a light-rail train system that mainly connects the airport to downtown and, recently, parts of the Metro East (extending as far east as Scott Air Force Base near Shiloh, Illinois). Metrolink is currently being expanded southward to Clayton, the county seat for Saint Louis County, and to south Saint Louis County. Passenger train service is also available through a “temporary” (since 1980) train station set up near downtown by Amtrak; smaller, yet permanent, train stations exist in the suburb of Kirkwood and nearby Alton, Illinois.
St. Louis once had a moderately extensive streetcar system, but service began to erode in the 1950s and ended for good in 1966. The Metrolink expansion mirrors the original pathways. A movement is afoot to reinstate limited trolley service.
Saint Louis was also the largest city between Chicago and Los Angeles on famous U.S. Highway 66.
Historically, Saint Louis has been a de facto segregated city. The City’s African-American population has been concentrated in North St. Louis. While some North St. Louis neighborhoods such as Baden, Penrose, and O’Fallon are stable and have a large number of middle-class residents, many northside neighborhoods suffer from poverty, unemployment, crime and dilapidated housing. Most white Saint Louisans, especially white males, who tend to hold the better jobs in the region and enjoy higher pay scales than women and minorities, have moved their families into the better-off suburbs. In an attempt to counter this problem, Saint Louis has implemented a school desegregation program: some inner city African-American students are bused into Saint Louis County schools, and, in exchange, some County students are bused into City magnet schools.
These historic patterns of segregation are starting to break down. For the past 25 years, St. Louis has a number of successful integrated neighborhoods in the “central corridor” stretching from Soulard and Lafayette Square near the Mississippi River to the Central West End near Forest Park. More recently, a number of near southside neighborhoods, especially around Tower Grove Park, have also successfully integrated. These areas have seen an influx of African-American residents, as well as Vietnamese residents and other immigrant groups. There has been a recent growth in the Bosnian population in South St. Louis. Many of the suburbs in North St. Louis County became more integrated during the 1990’s. Indeed, the 2000 Census revealed that more African-Americans live in St. Louis County than live in St. Louis City. Of the African-American residents in the City, less than half live north of Delmar Boulevard, the traditional boundary for “North St. Louis.”
The city of Saint Louis has one of the highest per-capita crime rates in the United States, with 111 murders and 7,059 burglaries in 2002, reported by CityData. However, statistical data for the city of Saint Louis is often skewed by its fixed boundary and status as an independent city.
The whole Saint Louis area has been trying to fix its pollution problem. Missouri requires gasoline stations in the metro area to serve a special, reformulated gasoline. Most cars owned by residents of Saint Louis and the counties of Saint Louis, Saint Charles, Jefferson, and Franklin must pass an automobile pollution test every other year.
Famous Residents, Past and Present
Note: Dates in parentheses indicate lifespan, not necessarily residence. Inclusion in this list is a function of fame only; it does not represent an endorsement of the views or actions of any member by the contributors
- Maya Angelou (1928-present): Poet/author, actor
- Eberhard Anheuser (?-?): Businessman
- Henry Armstrong (1912-1988): Athlete
- Josephine Baker (1906-1975): Entertainer, maquillard (Légion d’Honneur), civil rights activist
- Scott Bakula (1954-present): Actor
- Fontella Bass (1940-present): Musician
- Cool Papa Bell (1903-1991): Athlete
- Yogi Berra (1925-present): Athlete, folk wit
- Chuck Berry (1926-present): Musician
- Susan Blow (1843-?): Educator
- Daniel Boone (1734-1820): Explorer, soldier, politician, government administrator
- Lou Brock (1939-present): Athlete
- Isaac Bruce: Athlete
- Pat Buchanan: Writer, broadcaster, politician
- Jack Buck (1924-2002): Broadcaster
- Marc Bulger: Athlete
- Adolphus Busch (1839-1913): Businessman
- August A. Busch, Sr. (1865-1934): Businessman
- August A. Busch, Jr. (1899-1989): Businessman, civic leader, philanthropist
- August A. Busch III (1937-present): Businessman, civic leader
- Grace Bumbry (1937-present): Classical singer
- William S. Burroughs (1914-1997): Author
- Kate Capshaw (1953-present): Actor
- Harry Caray (1914-1998): Broadcaster
- Nell Carter (1948-2003): Singer, actor
- Chingy: Rapper
- Kate Chopin (1851-1904): Author
- Auguste Chouteau (1749-?): Urban planner (co-founder of Louis), businessman, civic leader
- William Clark (1770-1838): Explorer, government administrator
- Barry Commoner (1917-present): Virologist/cytologist, environmentalist
- Arthur Compton (1892-1962): Physicist (Nobel Prize)
- Jimmy Connors (1952-present): Athlete
- Carl Ferdinand Cori (1896-1984) & Gerty Cori (1896-1957): Biochemists (joint Nobel Prize)
- Bob Costas (1952-present): Broadcaster
- Bryan Cox: Athlete
- John Danforth (1936-present): Statesman, diplomat. attorney, civic leader
- Dwight F. Davis (1879-?): Athlete, government administrator
- Miles Davis (1926-1991): Musician
- Dizzy Dean (1910-1974): Athlete, broadcaster
- Dan Dierdorf (1949-present): Athlete, broadcaster
- Phyllis Diller (1917-present): Comedian, author, classical musician (seriously)
- Katherine Dunham (1909-present): Dancer
- James Eads (1820-1887): Engineer
- Thomas Eagleton (1929-present): Statesman, attorney, civic leader
- Charles Eames (1907-1978): Designer, filmmaker
- Buddy Ebsen (1908-2003): Actor
- Jim Edmonds: Athlete
- S. Eliot (1888-1965): Poet (Nobel Prize, Presidential Medal of Freedom), critic
- William Greenleaf Eliot (1811-1887): Educator, medical reformer, civil rights activist, grandfather of T.S. Eliot
- Stanley Elkin (1930-1995): Author
- Mary Engelbreit (1952-present): Artist
- Walker Evans (1903-1975): Photographer
- Marshall Faulk: Athlete
- Eugene Field (1850-1895): Author
- Ellen Foley (1951-present): Singer, actress
- Redd Foxx (1922-1991): Comedian, actor
- Joe Garagiola (1926-present): Athlete, broadcaster
- Judy Garland (1922-1969): Actress, singer
- Dave Garroway (1913-1982): Broadcaster
- William H. Gass (1924-present): Author, critic
- Bob Gibson (1935-present): Athlete
- John Goodman (1952-present): Actor
- Betty Grable (1916-1973): Actress
- Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885): Soldier (commander, S. Army), politician (President of the United States)
- Kevin Greene: Athlete
- Dick Gregory (1932-present): Comedian, civil rights activist
- Robert Guillaume (1927-present): Actor (Grammy, Emmys)
- Laurell K. Hamilton: Author
- John Hartford (1937-2001): Musician (Grammys)
- Julius Hemphill (1938-1995): Jazz saxophonist, composer
- Al Hirschfeld (1903-2003): Artist
- Torry Holt: Athlete
- Rogers Hornsby (1896-1963): Athlete
- E. Hotchner (1920-present): Author, editor, philanthropist
- William Inge (1913-1973): Author (Pulitzer Prize)
- Johnnie Johnson: Musician
- Scott Joplin: Songwriter (Pulitzer Prize), musician
- Jackie Joyner-Kersee: Athlete, educator
- Albert King: Musician
- Kevin Kline: Actor
- Oliver Lake (1942-) : Jazz saxophonist, composer
- Tony La Russa: Baseball manager
- Pierre Laclede: Urban planner (co-founder of Louis), businessman, government administrator, civic leader
- Charles Lindbergh: Adventurer, pilot, soldier, author
- Theodore Link: Architect
- Elijah Lovejoy: Civil rightsactivist, publisher, cleric
- Ed Macauley: Athlete
- Marsha Mason: Actress
- Masters and Johnson: Medical researchers and therapists, authors
- Bill Mauldin: Artist (Pulitzer Prizes)
- Virginia Mayo: Actor
- Michael McDonald: Singer (Grammys)
- Robert McFerrin, Sr.: Classical singer, father of Bobby McFerrin
- Mark McGwire: Athlete
- David Merrick: Theatrical producer (Tony Awards)
- Taylor Momsen: Actress
- Sloane Momsen: Actress
- Archie Moore: Athlete
- Marianne Moore: Poet (Pulitzer Prize), essayist, translator
- Agnes Moorehead: Actor
- Stan Musial: Athlete
- Howard Nemerov: Poet (Pulitzer Prize, Poet Laureate of the United States), author, critic
- Gyo Obata: Architect
- Charlie Parker: Musician
- Marlin Perkins: Broadcaster (Emmys), academic administrator
- Mike Peters: Artist (Pulitzer Prize)
- Vincent Price: Actor
- Albert Pujols: Athlete
- Joseph Pulitzer: Publisher, philanthropist, creator of Pulitzer Prize
- Harold Ramis: Author, director, actor
- Peter Raven: Botanist, academic administrator, civic leader
- Paul C. Reinert, S.J.: Cleric, academic administrator, author, educational reformer, civic leader
- Branch Rickey: Business executive
- Scott Rolen: Athlete
- Irma Rombauer: Author
- Charles M. Russell: Artist, storyteller
- Randy Orton: WWE Wrestler
- David Sanborn: Musician (Grammys)
- Red Schoendienst: Athlete
- Dred Scott& Harriet Scott: Civil rights activists
- Henry Shaw: Philanthropist, businessman, author
- William T. Sherman: Soldier (commander, S. Army)
- Leonard Slatkin: Conductor (Grammys)
- Jackie Smith: Athlete
- Lee Smith: Athlete
- Ozzie Smith: Athlete
- Willie Mae Ford Smith: Singer
- Sara Teasdale: Poet (Pulitzer Prize)
- Clark Terry: Musician
- Kay Thompson: Singer, songwriter, author
- Henry Townsend: Musician
- Helen Traubel: Classical and popular singer
- Ernest Trova: Artist
- Ike Turner: Singer, musician, music industry administrator (influential talent scout)
- Tina Turner: Singer (Grammys), actor
- Mark Twain: Author
- Mona Van Duyn: Poet (Pulitzer Prize, Poet Laureate of the United States), editor
- Kurt Warner: Athlete
- Dick Weber (1929-2005): Athlete
- Mary Wickes: Actor
- Tennessee Williams: Author (Pulitzer Prizes)
- Shelley Winters: Actress (Oscars, Emmy)
- Harriett Woods: Politician
An excellent source of information on famous St. Louisans is the St. Louis Walk of Fame’s website.
- Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
- Bogor, Indonesia
- Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
- Galway, County Galway, Ireland
- Georgetown, Guyana
- Lyon, France
- Nanjing, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of China
- Saint-Louis, Senegal
- Samara, Russia
- San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí, Mexico
- Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
- Suwa, Japan
- Szczecin, Poland
- Wuhan, Hubei, People’s Republic of China