Mogadishu, Somalia

Mogadishu, Somalia

According to abbreviationfinder, Mogadishu is the capital of Somalia, as well as the Benadir region. It is the largest and most important city in the country. It is located in the southeast of the Somali territory, it stands out at the national level for being the metropolis that houses the largest number of residents. It is also known under the names of Muqdiso (or Muqdisho) and Mogadishu. Both Mogadishu and the country are divided into clan-led zones of influence.

History

The capital of Somalia has a history of more than 1,000 years; It was founded in the 10th century by a group of Arab and Persian merchants and merchants. In this way, Mogadishu became one of the first Arab settlements on the eastern African coast and already in the thirteenth century it was emerging thanks to its port domain, responsible for a prosperous trade. The decline began in the 16th century when the port fell under the control of the Sultan of Zanzibar and, later, of Italy (19th century). In 1960, Mogadishu became the capital of independent Somalia. The complicated economic situation that plagued the entire country since the late 1980s, as well as the brutality of the dictatorial regime that subjected it provoked the revolt and the uprising of various guerrillas formed by different clans such as the USC (United Congress of Somalia), which ended in 1991 with the Government of Mohamed S. Barre. A civil war began then between the different factions that practically led to the disintegration of the country, and that in 1992 forced the intervention of the UN. The capital was practically desolate. In 1995, UN troops left the country after the failure of their operations and Mohammed Farah Aidid proclaimed himself President of the Republic., who passed away the following year. The conflict continued active until March 2000 when peace negotiations began in Arta, Djibouti, and in August of that same year a Transitional National Assembly was elected and a new Government was established.

Geography

Northern Somalia is traversed by a mountain range that runs parallel to the northern coast, and where the highest point in the country is, Surud Ad, at 2,408 m. The south and the interior are formed by a flat plateau that descends from the Ethiopian massif to the Somali coast, occupied for the most part by a coastal plain in which the only orographic reliefs are some dunes.

Location

Mogadishu is located southeast of the Somali territory, just north of the equator, on the coast of the Indian Ocean,

Climate

The climate of Somalia is usually very arid, with little rainfall and high temperatures, especially in the summer months where the maximum temperature values are reached, which are barely moderated by the sea, due to the action of the trade winds, that travel the Somali coast.

Flora

The predominant flora in the vicinity of Mogadishu is typical of steppe areas, with scattered bushes and grasses. The most abundant tree species are the acacia and the frankincense tree.

Economic development

Mogadishu’s economy is based on trade and the development of agricultural activities; the industry is scarce. It owns oil refineries and uranium mines, and produces prepared foods. It is the main port of the country

Social development

Activities and tourist attractions

Those travelers who are attracted to exotic destinations where landscapes are combined with historical treasures, will find in this town that was founded in the 10th century by a group of Arabs, an interesting site worth visiting. Before opting for a walk on the beach or a tour of the city center to visit its markets, it should not be forgotten that Mogadishu is picturesque but somewhat dangerous.

Transport

The international airport is 7 km from the center of Mogadishu. Bus services -when they exist- do not have a fixed schedule. Taxis are available at the exit of the different airports in the country.

Culture

Among the limited artistic heritage of Mogadishu are its 13th century mosques and a cathedral built between 1925 and 1928.

Crafts

Somali artisans are distinguished by their fine wood carving and leather work, especially in the production of certain types of lightweight footwear.

Languages

The two official languages are Somali and Arabic. Swahili and Italian are also spoken.

Religion

Almost the entire population (99%) is Muslim (Sunni). There is a Christian (especially Catholic) and animist minority. See population of Somalia.

Holidays and traditions

The only holidays celebrated in Somalia today are the religious holidays marked by Islam.

Illustrious people

Perhaps the most famous person in Somalia’s recent history is Muhammad Aidid, the leader of the Somali militia who held control of the capital for more than a year. The US deployed a considerable number of elite troops to capture it; Aidid kept them in check for several days and was responsible for the US military having to withdraw in one of its biggest military failures in recent years. Shortly after, the UN left Somalia and Aidid proclaimed himself president.

Mogadishu, Somalia