Monrovia, Liberia

Monrovia, Liberia

According to abbreviationfinder, Monrovia is the capital and largest city of Liberia. The city is a small African Venice settled on a series of lagoons that unite islands and peninsulas. It is located at the northern end of the Liberian coast, on the shores of the Atlantic Ocean, near the mouth of the Mesurado River. Its population is approximately 1,368,800 residents.

History

The history of Monrovia dates back to 1821, when the American Colonization Society purchased the land of what would later become the Republic of Liberia from King Peter, an indigenous leader. The first settlers to arrive were manumised American slaves, who landed on the African continent between 1830 and 1870. They and their descendants gradually made up the population of the city, along with a considerable number of immigrants from the interior of the country.

The original settlement was baptized as Cristópolis, but in 1824, three years after its founding, its name was changed to Monrovia in honor of American President James Monroe. The city grew fast. Its residents built their houses in the style of those of the southern United States, with columns and railings, in keeping with the origin of most of them. Over the years it became an important commercial and administrative center.

The capital was seriously damaged by the outbreak of a bloody civil war in the 90s of the 20th century. When the conflict broke out, Monrovia became the focus of attraction for refugees fleeing the violence unleashed in the interior. An estimated 100,000 Liberians moved from rural areas to the capital in the early 1990s, but the clash between rival rebel groups eventually spread to the capital as well, causing numerous civilian casualties. The transitional government that was established in Liberia in 1997, led by Ruth Perry, projected the return of all Liberian refugees to their places of origin in the interior of the country.

Geography

The territory adjacent to the coast is a plain, which continues in plateaus whose height does not exceed 300 meters and that give way in the interior to a more rugged area where the Wutivi peak is, the highest in the country, with its 1,483 meters. To the east are the Nimba Mountains, which extend through the territory of the Ivory Coast and the Republic of Guinea.

Location

Monrovia is located in the extreme north of the Liberian coast, in the northeast of the country, on the shores of the Atlantic Ocean, near the mouth of the River Mesurado, on the island of Bushrod and Cape Mesurado

Climate

The climate is typically subequatorial with high temperatures and heavy rainfall, especially on the coast, where it reaches 2,500 mm per year. In the interior, temperatures drop slightly and the climate is drier due to the influence of the northeast wind, coming from the Sahara.

Nature

The Liberian flora is made up of equatorial forests whose thickness increases in the proximity of the rivers, and which give way to the arboreal savanna in the interior areas. In Monrovia its beaches stand out, the most exotic and spectacular are those of Ellen, Kendeja or Marshall that combine the clarity and purity of its waters with postcard littoral vegetation.

Population

Monrovia has a population of 1,368,800, making it the largest city in the nation. See population of Liberia.

Economic development

As a national center for commerce and transportation, Monrovia is home to numerous companies and factories. Among its main resources is oil, as well as industries dedicated to the manufacture of paints, cement, pharmaceutical products and the processing of fish products, especially tuna. There is the Bong Mining Company specialized in the extraction of iron, one of the main engines of the country’s economy

Sightseeing

Liberia is rebuilding after several years of a bloody war. Tourism is still not recommended because the confrontations are still happening. It is difficult to reach the country, as there are few airports open to traffic and passenger transport by sea is also scarce. In times of peace Monrovia had a busy nightlife, with numerous bars and clubs to dance until the wee hours of the morning. At present, the traveler will be able to find some open places, but they are not frequent, since the country is under reconstruction.

Places of interest

A visit to the city zoo is recommended, which brings together a large number of wild species representative of the local tropical fauna. Another interesting place for visitors are the exotic beaches, the most spectacular are those of Ellen, Kendeja or Marshall with very clear and pure waters and also lush vegetation.

Culture

Crafts

Typical Liberian crafts are wooden sculptures, basketry, and batik weavings.

Gastronomy

The typical dishes of Liberia are fufu, made from fermented cassava ; the jala, made of rice with meat and vegetables, and the pela, made of rice with chicken. Peanut and pepper soup is also traditional from Liberia.

Holidays and traditions

In Liberia , July 26 is celebrated as Independence Day.

Transport

Public transport

Monrovia has a good intercity bus service that guarantees transport between the towns of the coastal area and the interior. There are also the so-called bush taxis as another alternative transport which are faster and safer although not as cheap.

Air Transport

It has an international airport “Roberts” located about 60 km from the capital, there are regular flight lines with Europe and the United States throughout the year

Illustrious people

The most recognized Liberian outside his country is George Weah, who in 1996 was elected the best footballer on the European continent

Sports

The visitor can practice all kinds of water sports in the lakes and the coast of the country, as well as mountain sports, such as mountaineering or climbing in the Bong Mountains.

The exotic beaches offer options for shore fishing, spear fishing, sailing, kayaking, surfing and diving.

Other sports such as tennis, soccer and golf are also practiced

Monrovia, Liberia