According to abbreviationfinder, Nairobi is the largest city and capital of Kenya, it is also the capital of the province and district of the same name. The city was founded in 1899 and is located in the south of the country on the banks of the Nairobi River, specifically between the coordinates: 1 ° 16′S 36 ° 48′E? At 1661 meters above sea level, covering an area of 684 km².
The city is the largest in East Africa and the fourth largest in all of Africa and despite being the youngest city in the region it is one of the most influential and important in the entire continent and home to numerous companies and organizations.
The name Nairobi comes from a nearby river related to which the Maasai phrase Enkare Nyorobi arose, which means “the place of fresh waters.” However, it is popularly known as the “Green City in the Sun.”
The now brand new city of Nairobi was founded in 1899 by the British in a marshy but very strategic place located at the foot of the first mountain ranges of the Great Rift Valley, through which the railway that would link the strategic port of Mombasa had to pass, in the Indian Ocean with Kampala, on Lake Victoria. There the operations center for the construction of said railway was established and as the years passed, the town grew to become a small city.
In 1905 the city received the status of capital of the [[British East African Protectorate], replacing the city of Mombasa. Around this date, the Indian immigrants created a bazaar, which later became the main agricultural market in the area. In 1954, due to its rapid growth, Nairobi reached the rank of a city.
After the Second World War, an independence movement called Mau Mau emerged and developed in Kenya, which had so much strength and popular support that it even organized a rebellion against British rule, which is why he was taken prisoner without having evidence in his against the leader Jomo Kenyatta ; but the pressure exerted by the local population grew so much that it did not culminate until the independence of Kenya in 1963, and Nairobi was chosen as the capital of the new republic.
The city is located in the south of the country on the banks of the Nairobi River, specifically between the coordinates: 1 ° 16′S 36 ° 48′E,? At 1661 meters above sea level, covering an area of 684 km². between the cities of Kampala and Mombasa.
Nairobi, being near the Great Rift Valley, is shaken from time to time by small earthquakes and tremors. To the west of the city are the Ngong Hills, which are the most representative landform of Nairobi.
On clear days, Mount Kenya which is located to the north of the city and Mount Kilimanjaro in the southeast are visible from Nairobi.
Despite being in the equatorial belt, the altitude at Nairobi and its geographical location greatly favor the climate, by moderating its temperatures providing mild summers and cold afternoons, especially in the winter months of June and July, when the temperature it stays around 10 ° C. In the summer season and especially between the hottest months of December and March, the maximum temperature recorded does not exceed 24 ° C and on average they oscillate around 20 ° C.
As Nairobi is close to Ecuador, the differences between the seasons of the year are minimal. Defining clearly a rainy season and a dry season. The rainy season presents two periods of moderate rains and runs from October to May with a predominance of rainfall in the months of April, May, November and December. July and August are the months with the least rainfall, coinciding with the winter season.
Nairobi has experienced one of the highest population growth rates in all of Africa, being in fact the most populous city in East Africa and the fourth largest in the entire continent despite being the youngest city in the region. Nairobi has an estimated urban population of between 3 and 4 million residents and according to the 2010 Census, in the Nairobi administrative area, 3,138,369 residents lived within 684 km².
Nairobi’s growth rate is currently 6.9%; Nairobi’s population is estimated to reach 5 million in 2015. See population of Kenya.
There is a great diversity of living standards in Nairobi, which has greatly influenced its distribution and the predominant type of construction in its districts according to the prevailing social class, it can be said that the majority of [[Kenyans considered as wealthy live in Nairobi but the vast majority of Nairobi’s people are poor. Half of the population lives in the slums that present poorly planned urbanism and cover only 5% of the city area. These neighborhoods grow without adequate planning as a result of the low salaries received by their residents. Among these neighborhoods stands out Kibera located west of Nairobi and considered one of the largest poor neighborhoods in Africa. Another large group of society lives in relatively good housing conditions. To the west of Nairobi, large houses can be found in many wealthier neighborhoods. Among the neighborhoods with middle and upper income residents, the following can be highlighted: Parklands, Westlands, Hurlingham, Milimani and Nairobi Hill. British immigrants have historically settled in the Langata and Karen neighborhoods.
Since its founding, Nairobi has maintained a strong British influence, with a legendary heritage of colonial rule very easy to perceive in daily life, in part of its traditions, in the large number of neighborhoods with English writing, as reflected in the neighborhoods Hurlingham and Parklands among many others. Over the years, countless immigrants from various parts of the world have also settled in the city, bringing with them their cultures, customs and traditions which have been inserted into the popular culture of Nairobi, among the largest arrivals of foreigners to the country, those that came from other British colonies of the time stand out, mainly from India and Pakistan that were arriving in the middle of the 20th century to work on the construction of the railway from Kampala to Mombasa and upon completion of the work they ended up settling in Nairobi. Later, other communities from neighboring countries such as Somalia and Sudan were established for various reasons, making Nairobi in fact a very cosmopolitan and multicultural city where churches, mosques, temples and gurdwaras are mixed. Nairobi is home to countless cultural centers of great importance, among which we can find several museums such as the National Museum of Kenya, which is the largest in the city and has a large collection of prehistoric utensils, including the complete remains of a homo erectus, the important Nairobi Railway Museum, where the history of the railway is reflected along with the emergence and expansion of the city, the Rahimtulla Museum of Modern Art (Ramoma). Another significant site is the house of Karen Blixen, author of Africa mine, transformed into a museum with colonial aesthetics from the beginning of the last century.
Other sites of great attraction include the Jomo Kenyatta Mausoleum, the National Theater of Kenya, the National Archives of Kenya and the art galleries in Nairobi.
Major sites of worship include the Holy Family Cathedral, All Saints Cathedral, Ismaili Jamat Khana Mosque, and Jamia Mosque.
Nairobi is a city with some development in terms of tourist attractions, although it is not the main tourist destination in the country. The site of greatest interest is the Nairobi National Park, considered the most famous in the city, it contains a wide variety of animals, including more than 400 species of birds. The city also has Uhuru Park, a recreational park near Nairobi’s business district.
Due to the extensive development in the world of safari Nairobi is dubbed as the ” safari capital of the world” and has countless hotels designed to cater to tourists attracted by this type of tourism.
The city has countless educational centers where all levels of education are taught, including university. Among the centers of higher studies that the city has, prestigious universities such as the University of Nairobi, which was founded in 1956 as part of the University of East Africa and is the oldest in Kenya, this center already in 1970 was established as a Independent university, another university of great relevance is Kenyatta established in 1985 after a long struggle for the state, which began in 1963.
Among other centers of higher studies located in the capital of Kenya are:
- Strathmore University. Founded in 1961, but at that time with a different profile or level of education.
- United States International University. Established in 1969.
- Daystar University. Liberal Christian University.
- Nazarene University of Africa. Private Christian university sponsored by the International Nazarene Church.