Namibia Population, Politics and Economy
Population in Namibia
After Mongolia, Namibia is the most sparsely populated country in the world. Around 2.3 million people live here on a land area of 824,000 km², which corresponds to a population density of around 3 people per square kilometer. According to directoryaah, 300,000 people live in the capital Windhoek. The majority of the Namibians are spread over the more fertile provinces of Oshikoto, Ohangwena, Oshana and Omusati in northern Namibia, while the hostile desert areas are completely uninhabited.
Today’s Namibians are a mixture of different, but partly related, peoples who mostly resettled in the area through several migrations between the 16th and 18th centuries. Due to this population diversity, the range of languages spoken in Namibia is relatively large today. The official language in Namibia is English, but many languages such as Afrikaans (often a second language), Oshivambo, Otjiherero, RuKwangali, SiLozi and Setswana as well as the Khoisan and the San languages are widespread. The majority of Namibians (87%) belong to Christianity, which is due to proselytizing during the colonial period. A small minority are Muslims or Jews. In addition, different natural religions of the different tribes of Namibia are widespread (approx. 13%).
Politics and economy in Namibia
Namibia is a democratic state, consisting of a legislative, executive and judicial branch. Since the declaration of independence in March 1990, Namibia’s political system has been organized as a semi-presidential system. The constitution guarantees basic human and freedom rights, such as freedom of thought, speech, press, religion and assembly.
The head of state is the new president elected every five years, who appoints the prime minister together with the cabinet. The Parliament of Namibia consists of the National Council with 42 seats and the National Assembly with 104 seats, 96 of which are elected by general election and eight are elected by the President. The term of office is five years.
According to ebizdir, the main industries in Namibia include agriculture, mining, fishing and its processing industry, and tourism. While subsistent as well as exporting agriculture traditionally represents the main source of income for the population, the mining of the raw materials uranium and diamonds as well as large amounts of copper, gold, lead and tin make up 12% of Namibia’s gross domestic product. After independence, trade and services also increased in favor of economic power. Despite the fact that the country is one of the more prosperous countries in Africa, unemployment is high in Namibia.
Transport network in Namibia
In Namibia, as in all neighboring countries with the exception of Angola, there is left-hand traffic. The Namibian road network covers around 45,000 kilometers, is well developed and opens up all of the country’s inhabited areas. However, 80 percent of the road network consists only of slopes with a gravel base layer, which are maintained with a grader on a regular basis or as required. Only the national roads, some main roads and the most important inner-city roads (about 6,700 kilometers) are paved. With up to 700 road deaths per year, Namibia is one of the most accident-prone countries in the world.
The rail traffic on the 2600 km long route network in Namibia is primarily responsible for the transport of goods. Although the rail network in the south is connected to the South African railway line, passenger transport plays almost no role for the Namibian railway company TransNamib. Intercity buses run between the larger towns.
There are regular flight connections from Windhoek to the most important places in the country, such as Keetmanshoop, Katima Mulilo or Lüderitz, as well as to international destinations operated by the state airline Air Namibia, among others.
The two deep water ports of Namibia are in Walvis Bay and Lüderitz.
Culture and sights in Namibia
The sights of Namibia primarily include the numerous national parks and protected areas, which, in addition to the flora and fauna, also provide an excellent insight into the diversity of the Namibian landscapes.
A trip to the nature reserve of the Fish River Canyon is highly recommended. With a length of around 160 kilometers, a width of up to 27 kilometers and a depth of up to 550 meters, it is the largest canyon in Africa and the second largest in the world. The multi-day hikes through the canyon are popular here.
Twyfelfontein is a valley with a spring of the same name in the Kunene region, which was originally inhabited by the Damara.
Here you can marvel at the oldest evidence of Namibia’s past in hundreds of rock carvings and rock engravings, which originate from cultures of the Middle and Neolithic and are among the oldest underground representations in Africa. The site, which has been used for religious rituals for thousands of years, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2007.
In the capital and other important places during the German colonial era, there are still many interesting monuments from the Wilhelminian and emerging Art Nouveau that were widespread at the time.
The cultural diversity of Namibia, whose residents call their country as well as South Africa a rainbow nation, is based on the multicultural immigration dynamics that the country has experienced since human history and above all in the last centuries. In addition to the ancient traditions of the different African tribes, the German influence is unmistakable, especially in the style of many buildings, in the educational culture and, above all, in the gastronomy.