Nevada is a state in the United States that is made up of 90 percent desert. The cities of Las Vegas and Reno are located in Nevada. The capital is Carson City.
Nevada is located east of the Sierra Nevada mountain range, after which the state is also named. The landscape consists primarily of desert and mountains and is sparsely populated. Nevada borders Utah to the east, Arizona to the southeast, California to the west, and Oregon and Idaho to the north.
The area has been inhabited by Indians for over 20,000 years, and the first settlers from Europe arrived in the late 18th century. See directoryaah for museums in Nevada.
In the past, Nevada ( The Silver State ) was known for mining. Today, the state is best known for the salt drought, a liberal marriage law as well as legal gambling and prostitution. Tourism led to a sharp boom in the economy and the traditional industry gained momentum as it gained access to cheap electricity when the Hoover Dam on the Colorado River was built. This has led to the state being one of the more prosperous in the United States. The large, uninhabited areas of the state have been used for military purposes such as. test detonation of nuclear weapons. The US military has several bases in the state, including the legendary Area 51.
1846-48 – After the Mexican-American War, Nevada became part of the United States by the Gualdalupe-Hidalgo Treaty.
1858 – Carson City is founded, named after Kit Carson.
1860 – Nevada Territory is established.
1864 – Nevada is admitted as the 36th state of the United States on October 31st.
1868 – Reno is founded on May 9, named after Jesse Lee Reno. It was not until 1901 that it gained status as a city.
1870s – There were downturns in the silver industry and cattle farming was the focus. When earnings in both of these occupations later proved to be not good enough, many cities were abandoned and a number of ghost towns emerged.
On November 4, 1870, America’s first major train robbery took place, on the Central Pacific Railroad near Verdi-Mogul. Read more here.
1875 – Between 1859 and 1875, Virginia City experienced several severe fires. ” Great Fire ” caused $ 12 million in damage on October 26, 1875. In the following months, the city was rebuilt and most of the landmarks date back to this time.
1888-90 – Nearly 2.54 meters of snow fell in the northern state during the “White Winter”.
1890 – Elizabeth Potts becomes the first woman executed in Nevada.
1894 – A large meteor explodes in the sky near the town of Candelaria.
1902 – Wyatt Earp arrives in Tonopah, where gold has been discovered. He opened the Northern Saloon in the city, served as Deputy US Marshal under Marshal JF Emmitt.
1909 – Gold is discovered near Jarbridge, one of the last places of the gold rush in the Old West. It was also the site of the last diligence robbery that you can read about here.
1910 – Six years after heavyweight boxer James J. Jeffries – who was champion from 1899-1905, retired undefeated, he made a comeback against world champion Jack Johnson on July 4, in Reno. The match, which was watched by an audience of 20,000 spectators, became known as ” Fight of the Century ” and a symbol of the tensions between whites and blacks in the United States of that time. The match showed that Jeffries was far from the strength of the past. Johnson was superior throughout the match, and Tex Rickard, who served as match manager, stopped the match when Jeffries had been hit the floor three times in the 15th round of the match. See 27 min. of the fight here. Watch a documentary about Johnson here.
1911 – One of the last armed conflicts between the United States and the Native Americans is fought on February 25 near Winnemucca in an area called Kelley Creek. Read more here. See pictures here.
1930s – The state government passed laws that allowed prostitution and gambling. New laws were also introduced to facilitate marriage and divorce. This led to capital from other parts of the United States being invested in luxury hotels and casinos in the cities of Las Vegas and Reno. This happened at the same time as the Hoover Dam was built, which was completed on October 9, 1936.
1941 – The 6.4-mile-long Las Vegas Boulevard, better known as The Strip, was established with the first casino, the Pair-o-Dice Club, on Highway 91 in 1931, and the first 63-room casino on the current strip., El Rancho Vegas, April 3, 1941.
1946 – Bugsy Siegel opens The Flamingo Hotel in Las Vegas on December 26, a 105-room luxury hotel on The Strip.
1951 – US Atomic Energy Commission begins testing atomic bombs at the newly created Nevada Proving Grounds (Nevada Test Site).
1955 – In early 1955, Lockheed Corporation was handed over the U-2 project by the CIA with a short deadline, and the contract was initially for 20 aircraft. The development of the aircraft remained a deep secret, and the name – U-2 – covers the fact that the aircraft simply belonged to the utility category, which was used for smaller transport aircraft. Even the place in the Nevada desert, where the flights were to take place, was specially created for this project alone and later became known as Area 51. Groom Lake has since been closed to public access. Read more here. See gallery of American test explosions here.
On April 20, 1955, the Riviera Hotel opened, which today is one of the oldest and most famous casinos in Las Vegas.
1957 – The Tonopah Test Range military installation, owned by the United States Department of Energy (DOE), is established about 30 miles southeast of Tonopah. As with Area 51, this installation is also shrouded in mystery and conspiracy theories, mostly due to its need for experimental and classified aircraft.
1958 – The area around Watertown was officially closed to public access, although in practice it had been for three years, and the place was named Area 51, as the entire Nevada Test Site is divided into different areas (areas), and the area around the base happened to be number 51.
1966 – On August 5, Caesars Palace is inaugurated on The Strip in Las Vegas.
On November 24, 1966, Howard Hughes moved to Las Vegas and rented the Desert Inn. Because he refused to leave the hotel, and to avoid further conflicts with the owners, he bought the hotel in early 1967. The hotel’s 8th floor became the central nerve of his empire, and the 9-story penthouse became Hughes’ personal home for a period.
1982 – Professional boxer Duk Koo Kim goes 14 laps against Ray Mancini at Caesars Palace on November 17. After being beaten KO, he collapsed and died. After this tragic incident, one now only goes 12 rounds in professional boxing. Watch clips from the match here. Read a good article about looking back on the match here.
1995 – The Hard Rock Hotel & Casino is built by Peter Morton, co-owner of Hard Rock Cafe.
1996 – On the evening of September 7, just after the Mike Tyson-Bruce Seldon fight, 25-year-old rapper Tupac Shakur was shot at the MGM Grand Garden Arena in Paradise. He succumbed to the injuries on September 13, six days later.
1997 – A world record for speed on land was set by Andy Green in the supersonic car, ThrustSSC, in the Black Rock Desert.
2002 – A violent confrontation on April 24, between Hells Angels and Mongol members breaks out at Harrah’s Laughlin Casino during the annual Laughlin River motorcycle race. Three people were killed and 13 wounded during the fighting. This was the first time there was a mass murder in a casino in Nevada.
The Who, the 57-year-old rock bassist from The Who, John Entwistle, died on June 27, 2002, in one of the rooms of Hard Rock Hotel & Casino.
On August 9, 2002, a 54-year-old mystery was brought to life again. The modified Boing B-29 aircraft Superfortress that disappeared in Lake Mead in 1948, while the crew was rescued six hours later, subsequently put many gray hairs on the heads of the curious. The crew was required to maintain confidentiality regarding the incident and the mission. The mission was declassified 50 years later, which helped to better determine where the wreck was located. Gregg Mikosalek found the plane using sonar equipment, and diving instructor Melody Gritz, along with his father, war hero James Bo Gritz, documented the find. You can
2003 – A flood in the Las Vegas Valley causes millions of dollars in damage.
Siegfried & Roy’s show was stopped on October 3, 2003, when the otherwise tiger-accustomed artists shocked the audience (and themselves) when one of the tigers suddenly embarrassed Roy, who barely survived. See the incident analyzed here. You can watch clips from their last appearance in February 2009 here.
2006 – The Pine Middle School shooting took place in Reno, March 14, when 14-year-old student James Newman shot and wounded two random 14-year-old students at the school. He was stopped by a heroic athletics coach, Jencie Fagan, who persuaded him to stop and detained him until police arrived. Watch her tell about the episode here.
2006 – The cult leader of The Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Warren Jeffs, was arrested in August in Clark County, after being placed on the FBI ‘s 10 Most Wanted list since May. He was convicted in 2011 of two counts of child sexual abuse and is therefore serving a life sentence.
2007 – In March, a horseshoe-shaped tourist attraction called the Grand Canyon Skywalk Bridge was unveiled. It is owned by the Hualapai Native American tribe, and can only be visited via the Grand Canyon West Airport (190km from LV) and from Kingman, AZ. The attraction is located 1450m above the Colorado River. The controversy surrounding this attraction is, among other things, the tribe’s problems with unemployment, illness and alcoholism, and that the decision to make such an attraction is directly contrary to the tribe’s protection of the sacred area, which is ironic when one has now heard that the tribe should be the best manager of the place.
2008 – On February 5, American millionaire and adventurer Steve Fossett disappeared without a trace after crashing his plane after taking off from Flying-M Ranch in Smith Valley. Six hours later, the search began. After searching 52,000 km 2 with 14 pilots, they had found 8 previously unknown plane crashes, on September 10, but without finding Fossetts. Two days later, survival experts speculated, doubting he could be alive. On the 19th, the authorities declared that they stopped the search in the Nevada desert, but kept a plane ready in case it was needed. On October 2, Civil Air Patrol completely abandoned the hunt. On February 15, 2008, at his wife’s request, Fossett was finally declared officially dead. On September 29, his ID card was found in the Sierra Nevada Mountains, and the crash site on October 1, 100 miles from Flying-M Ranch. It was believed that his remains had been eaten by the animals that lived in the area. Bone remains found confirmed his identity.
2008 – OJ Simpson and his co-conspirator Clarende Stewart – who has also been sentenced to 15 years in prison – were found guilty of 12 charges including kidnapping and armed robbery against a shop that traded sports collectibles. Here, they tried to grab items that were linked to Simpson’s sports career and that Simpson believed belonged to him. In addition, the men detained two employees in the Las Vegas store. The sentence was 33 years in prison, which he is serving at the Lovelock Correctional Center in Lovelock, Nevada. See him in court here.
2011 – On September 16 at an aerial acrobatics show in Reno, a North American P-51D Mustang crashed into the crowd, killing the pilot and 10 people and injuring 69 others. Read more here.
On October 16, 2011, the double winner of the Indiana 500, Dan Wheldon, was killed in a major accident at the Las Vegas Motor Speedway.