New Zealand Population, Politics and Economy
New Zealand population
According to directoryaah, New Zealand has a population of around 4.5 million and therefore has a low population density of 15 people per square kilometer. Auckland is the largest city in the country with 1.29 million residents. The capital Wellington, named after the Duke of Wellington, is located on the North Island and is populated by 452,000 residents. About 1 million people live on the larger South Island and large parts of the country are virtually uninhabited. A total of over 3 million people live on the smaller North Island. With an urbanization rate of 86% in 2005, New Zealand is one of the countries with the highest percentage of urban populations on earth.
Since the 2001 census, New Zealand’s population has increased by 7.8%. 23% of the population were not born in New Zealand. About two thirds of the population growth in recent years is due to immigration. On average, the mean age of the New Zealand population was 35 years.
88% of residents have European, mostly British, ancestors. Only 9 percent are Maori. The ancestors of the Maori immigrated from what is now French Polynesia around 900 AD.
New Zealand has two official languages: Te Reo Māori and New Zealand Sign Language. English is not an official language, but it is spoken by around 96% of New Zealand’s population.
A comparatively large number of non-denominational people live in New Zealand. At the 2013 census, 55% of the total population claimed a religion – including 48.9% Christians – 42%, on the other hand, stated that they did not belong to any religion.
Politics and Economy in New Zealand
New Zealand is run as a constitutional monarchy. Although New Zealand has been independent from Great Britain since 1931, the British Queen is still also Queen of New Zealand and is represented there by a Governor General. Every four years the unicameral parliament is elected, which then elects the prime minister. The parliament consists of the “House of Representatives” with 120 members. A certain number of seats are reserved for Maori MPs.
New Zealand’s suffrage is called “Mixed Menber Proportional System” and is similar to German suffrage. Everyone over the age of 18 is entitled to vote. The most influential parties in the country are the Labor Party and the National Party. However, New Zealand does not have an established constitution. Constitutional law is based on the Bill of Rights, the British Habeas Corpus Act and many other laws specific to New Zealand.
According to ebizdir, the main industries in New Zealand are agriculture and tourism. In general, New Zealand’s economy is heavily dependent on exports. The most important trading partners are to be found in Australia and the EU. New Zealand has free trade agreements with Australia, Singapore, Brunei, Chile and China. The most important export goods are agricultural and forestry products such as fish, crustaceans, dairy and other animal products, fruit, vegetables and industrial products such as paper, wool and wood. These make up more than 50% of exports. With 16.4% of export earnings, tourism is the country’s second most important industry. The main imports are mineral products, chemicals, machines and vehicles, ships and aircraft.
New Zealand transport network
Road traffic is now the most important means of transport in New Zealand. The backbone of the approximately 93,870 km extensive road network are the New Zealand State Highways, through which the country is developed to a large extent. Aside from about 150 km of motorways, which are close to the three major cities of Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch, even the major highways consist of no more than two lanes. The state highways also have intersections and lead through towns, parts of the highways with little traffic are even only gravel roads, and single-lane sections can be found again and again, especially over bridges. Driving in New Zealand is left-hand traffic.
The main cities and the places in between are served by a network of inexpensive and modern bus lines, on some routes with special offers. The frequency depends on the route and time of year, prices may vary depending on the time of day of departure.
‘Intercity’ is the largest bus company and covers almost all corners of both islands.
For individual travelers, it is advisable to purchase the Intercity Coach Pass. As a holder of this pass, it is possible to get on and off the fixed intercity routes individually.
The services of the company ‘Northliner’ can only (as the name suggests) be used in the northernmost region of the North Island.
The main train lines run between Auckland and Wellington (The Overlander), between Picton and Christchurch (The TranzCoastal) and between Christchurch and Greymouth
(The TranzAlpine). The main train stations on these routes are Auckland (Britomart), Hamilton (Frankton Railway Station), National Park, Ohakune, Palmerston North, Wellington, Picton, Blenheim, Kaikoura, Christchurch, Arthurs Pass and Greymouth. There are also dozen of nostalgic and short train lines in New Zealand. Many train enthusiasts come to New Zealand to admire the old steam engines, which are often kept in perfect working order by volunteers.
Most major cities in New Zealand have domestic flights to either Auckland, Wellington or Christchurch. The prices vary widely, usually the earlier you book the cheaper the flights.
Almost every major airline flies to New Zealand’s larger cities from Germany (e.g. Frankfurt, Munich). Not all small airports are connected by public transport, and shuttles and taxis are sometimes unavoidable. You can rent a car at every stop on your trip and see very different parts of New Zealand in an uncomplicated and fast way.
Boat trips and ferry connections between North and South Island
Unfortunately there is no boat trip up and down the beautiful coast of New Zealand, but there are plenty of opportunities for excursions. New Zealand is famous for its scenery, but the sea is just as important to the myriad of Kiwis who spend every free minute in water activities. Many boat tours make it possible to observe dolphins, whales, seals, penguins or rare sea birds. You will not forget a day trip at sea, sometimes you can even take your car with you (e.g. on the Interislander ferry or on the Northland car ferries from Russell, Hokianga Harbor and Waiheke Island).
The connection between North and South Island takes place via ferry crossing from Wellington to Picton.
The ferries leave here several times a day. Interislander and Bluebridge are the two best known ferry companies.