Niamey, Niger

Niamey, Niger

According to abbreviationfinder, Niamey is the largest city and capital of Niger and the Department of Tilabery. It is located in the Southwest of the country, on the right bank of the Niger River. It is the main administrative, cultural and economic center of the country. The city has 707,951 residents according to the census carried out in 2001 at present the number of residents must have increased greatly.

The city has the Abdú Mumuni University of Niamey, as well as different institutes and research centers.


The city of Niamey was founded in the 18th century east of the Niger River, but it was not until after the 90s of the 19th century with the construction of a colonial fort by France that the same important tome quickly became a significant center of French West Africa.

In 1926 it became the capital of the Republic of Niger.


Niamey is located in the Southwest of the country, on the right bank of the Niger River specifically between the coordinates 13 ° 31′17 ″ N 2 ° 6′19 ″ W, covering an area of 670 km². A series of small islands originate from Niamey and extend south along the Niger River.

Climate Niamey has a dry tropical climate that borders on a semi-arid climate typical of this area of the Sahel. It presents an average rainfall with records between 500 mm and 750 mm per year, becoming very marked a short rainy season that runs from June to September and a very long dry season that covers the rest of the year. main reason why the city is framed in the category of dry tropical climate.

Niamey is a very hot city throughout the year with a monthly average of high temperatures of 38 ° C with records higher than this for six months of the year and never below 32 ° C throughout the year.

During the dry season the nights are generally very cold, mainly between the months of November to February. The average low temperatures during the night range between 14 ° C and 18 ° C.


The city has more than 707,951 residents according to the census carried out in 2001, this figure is a faithful reflection of the increase in its population in recent years, an increase that was stimulated in the first place by the conquest of independence, and in second place for the scourge produced by the droughts of the 70s and 80s of the last century and the economic crisis in the early 1980s, which brought with them large migrations of the rural population to the great city of Niamey.

In the stage that the country was under the command of the military government of General Seyni Kountché, strict controls were carried out in relation to residence and periodic expulsions were carried out, sending back to their respective villages anyone who did not have permission. of residence in the city.

In the decade from 1980 to 1990, a series of facilities and freedoms were given that, together with the Tuareg rebellion in the 1990s and the famine that affected the country in the 2000s, gave way to a migratory process to the city that brought I bring about the emergence of large informal settlements on the outskirts of the city and a notable increase in the poor, beggars and the disabled in the city center.

Over 90% of Niger’s population considers itself Muslim, which is why Niamey is home to the largest mosque in the country, The Great Mosque of Niamey. The city also has a Roman Catholic bishop. See population of Niger.


Niamey, is the most important city of Niger, in it the economic, political and social life of the country is decided because in addition to being the seat of the government and the three powers of the state, the city generates a large part of the derived wealth Of the national production, it contains the majority of the country’s industries and a large part of the Nigerian companies have their headquarters.

The city’s economy is based mainly on industry, specifically on building blocks, ceramics, cement, and administrative services.

The city also has an airport and the National School of Administration of Niger


The city is divided into communes and districts like many of the large French cities, it has five communes and forty-four different districts. It also has ninety-nine quartiers, including towns that were previously independent. The Urban Community of Niamey (CUN) covers a territory of 239.4 km², which represents 0.02% of the nation.


The city has several educational centers where all levels of education are taught, including university, among which the Abdú Mumuni University of Niamey stands out, as well as different institutes and research centers. The Niger National School of Administration is also based in the city.

Places of interest

Among the various sites of interest in the city is the National Museum of Niger, which includes a zoo, a museum of popular architecture, a craft center and various exhibitions, including those dedicated to paleontological remains of dinosaurs and the tree of the I will have. Also located in the city are two main markets, a traditional wrestling ring and the Nigerian, French and American cultural centers.

Niamey, Niger