Nicaragua Population, Politics and Economy
Population in Nicaragua
According to directoryaah, about 5.47 million people live in the Republic of Nicaragua, with the fertile coastal plains in the west of the country being very densely populated, while only about a tenth of the population lives in the eastern half of the country (Caribbean lowlands). A little less than two thirds of the people live in cities; by far the largest city is the capital Managua on the banks of the lake of the same name, in whose metropolitan area around 1.37 million people live. Other larger cities are León (395,000 residents in the metropolitan area), Masaya (315,000 in the metropolitan area) and Chinandega (440,000 in the metropolitan area).
The official language and also the colloquial language is Spanish. Creole English and the various languages of the Indian tribes are also spoken (e.g. Rama, Misquito, Sumo). 85% of the population are Catholic Christians. Protestants (Moravian Church) form a religious minority.
The mean life expectancy is 70 years. Children are required to attend school for six years and the literacy rate is around 68%.
Politics and economics in Nicaragua
It is true that Columbus discovered the area of today’s Nicaragua as early as 1502. But it was not until 1524 that the country was conquered by the Spaniard Francesco de Hernández de Córdoba. He already founded the two cities of León and Granada – today the second and third largest in Nicaragua. The first Central American diocese was established in León. In 1821 Nicaragua became independent. The US occupied the country from 1912 to 1925 and then again until 1933. When they left, an heir was left, the “American” Anastasio Somoza Garcia. The Somoza clan ruled Nicaragua dictatorially for more than four decades. A civil war followed that lasted until 1990. Since then, the country called the “presidential republic” has been considerably quieter.
According to ebizdir, the economy suffered significantly during the long decades of dictatorship and civil war. The country’s mineral resources are only partially used. The main focus is on the mining of copper, silver, gold and semi-precious stones. However, it is not mining that is responsible for exports, but mainly agriculture, offering cotton and coffee, sugar cane and bananas, tobacco and cocoa. After coffee and cotton, meat is one of the country’s most important export goods. Corn and rice, millet and cassava, plus the ubiquitous beans, are grown for the domestic market. Cattle breeding has declined in recent years, but the aim is to push this sector more forward. This is also being considered in the fishing industry, which has so far been of little importance. However, lobsters and crabs are exported. Tourism hardly plays a role economically.