Puebla is the fourth largest city in Mexico by area and population after Mexico City, Guadalajara and Monterrey, located in the state of the same name. Puebla was one of the first cities founded by the Spanish conquistadors in 1530. And in 1987 it was included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Check localcollegeexplorer for other cities and countries as well as education in North America.
Puebla is located in the valley known as Cuetlaxcoapan and is the only city in the world located between 4 volcanoes: Orizaba peak (5747 m), Popocatepetl (5500 m), Istaxiuatl (5220 m) and Malinche (4503 m). Locals consider Puebla the gastronomic capital of Mexico and the birthplace of many national dishes.
How to get to Puebla
Puebla Hermanos Serdán Airport is located 23 km from the city and is considered an alternate airport in Mexico City. A / k Aero California operates regular flights from Guadalajara and Tijuana, a / k Aeromar – from Mexico City (except Sunday) and Monterrey (except Saturday), a / k Continental – from Houston. There is also a connection with Acapulco and Tijuana by a/k Avolar.
Puebla is located 123 km east of Mexico City on the 150D highway (the toll will be about 120 MXN). Further east of Puebla, Highway 150D leads to Orizaba, Cordoba and Veracruz.
At the local El Parián market, you can look at beautiful products from “talavera” (talavera) – a type of “majolica” ceramics made from fired clay using a painted milky-white glaze. “Talavera” began to be made in Puebla almost from the day the city was founded in 1531. Due to the quality of the local clay and traditions dating back to the 16th century, authentic talavera products are only made in Puebla and the nearby towns of Atlisco, Cholula and Tecali. Thanks to skilled craftsmen, the products eventually reached such beauty that they began to be exported to other regions of Mexico. The market is located in Plaza Parián and in addition to “talavera” you can buy onyx and leather products, jewelry and textiles.
Unlike many conventional stores selling talavera, Talavera Uriarte has its own factory and a special room where you can see the production process with your own eyes. The factory is located on Av 4 Pte 911 and is open to visitors from Monday to Friday from 9:00 to 19:00, on Saturdays from 10:30 to 17:30 and on Sundays from 11:30 to 16:30. There are organized tours.
The Barrio de Analco market sells flowers, sweets and paintings, and on Sundays you can buy antiques in Plazuela de los Sapos Puebla.
One of the famous local delicacies is chiles en nogada, allegedly invented in Puebla. This dish is well illustrated by the Mexican flag: green – chili pepper, white – walnut sauce, red – pomegranate seeds. Another traditional dish is cemita with milanesa, which is stuffed sandwiches.
Weather in Puebla
The climate is subtropical alpine. The Cuetlaxcoapan valley belongs to the temperate climate zone, and it can be cool in the uplands. The dry season runs from November to April, and the rainy season runs from May to October. The greatest amount of precipitation occurs in summer and early autumn.
Entertainment and attractions of Puebla
The entire southern part of the main square of the city is occupied by an impressive cathedral, the architectural appearance of which is represented by a mixture of Renaissance and early Baroque styles. Construction of the cathedral began in 1550 and continued into the 1960s. The towers crowning the cathedral reach 69 meters and are considered the highest in Mexico. The cathedral draws attention with its dazzling interior, beautiful frescoes and ornate chapels.
The Dominican church Templo de Santo Domingo, dating from 1650-1690, is impressive with stone carvings, angels and cherubs. And under the altar of the Jesuit church Iglesia de la Compañía, built in 1767, is a tomb belonging to an Asian princess believed to have been sold into slavery in Mexico and then freed.
Museums of Puebla
There are many interesting museums in Puebla. Railway Transport Museum (Museo del Ferrocarril) with a collection of exhibits of ancient steam locomotives and more modern models of trains. The museum is open from Tuesday to Saturday from 9:00 to 17:00, the entrance fee is 20 MXN.
The Museo de Arte Popular Poblano is located in the building of the former 17th century monastery Ex-Convento de Santa Rosa and houses a collection of handicrafts – traditional costumes, onyx, glass and metalwork. It is said that one of the recipes for mole sauce (mole poblano) first appeared in the kitchen of this monastery. The museum is open from Tuesday to Saturday from 9:00 to 17:00, the entrance fee is 30 MXN.
Another museum, Museo Amparo, is housed in a building from the 16th-17th centuries. and is a must visit. The museum has a collection of artifacts from the pre-Hispanic period. Open: Wed-Mon. from 10:00 to 18:00. The entrance ticket will cost 35 MXN.
The Museo Bello exhibits the private collection of the Bello industrialist family, featuring fine French, English, Japanese and Chinese porcelain and an impressive collection of talavera pieces. Open: Tue-Sun. from 10:00 to 17:00, entrance fee – 40 MXN. The museum offers guided tours in Spanish and English.
From an architectural point of view, the building of the colonial period is of interest, which now houses the Museo Casa del Alfeñique. The building is a good example of the alfeñique decorative style, named after the candy made from sugar and egg white. The museum has a collection of drawings dedicated to the period of the conquest of Mexico by the Spaniards, as well as a collection of historical and religious paintings, some furniture and household paraphernalia. Open: Tue-Sun. from 10:00 to 17:00, entrance fee – 25 MXN.
Every year on May 5, Puebla celebrates the defeat of the French troops that invaded the city in 1862. The celebrations last for several days and include concerts and other cultural events, and on the last, 5th day, there is a grand parade and a re-enactment of the battle with the participation of soldiers from the Mexican army, navy and special forces. At this time, tanks, jeeps and armored personnel carriers can be seen in the city.