Saudi Arabia vs Oman vs Lebanon
Saudi Arabia is an important country for Islam, two of the most important sites if not the most important sites are located here. The resting place of the Prophet Mohammed is in Medina and the Kaaba is in Mecca.
The country is ruled by an absolute monarchy. King Abdullah Al Saud is the head of state and the head of government. But there is also a second head of government, Crown Prince Sultan Al Saud.
Saudi Arabia has an area of 2.24 million square kilometers, on which 27 million people live. Based on these numbers, there is a population density of 11.8 inhabitants per km². Saudi Arabia occupies most of the Arabian Peninsula and borders on Yemen, the border here is 1,458 kilometers long, on Oman, here we have a border of 676 kilometers in length.
The border with Qatar is 60 kilometers long and there are 457 kilometers with the United Arab Emirates. Another border with Kuwait is 222 kilometers long. The borders with Iraq are 814 kilometers long and Jordan is 744 kilometers. Saudi Arabia has coasts on the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea.
The Jabal Sauda, with a height of 3,133 meters, is the highest mountain in Saudi Arabia. There are no rivers or lakes in the country, so water supply can become a problem, but it is not too big due to the country’s wealth. You build plants to desalinate the sea water and deep wells.
The largest city in Saudi Arabia is the capital Riyadh. It has 4,100,000 inhabitants. Other large cities are Jeddah with 2.8 million inhabitants, Mecca with 1,300,000 inhabitants and Medina, 919,000 people live here.
Mecca, in the center of which is the most important sanctuary of Islam, is the destination of many Syria.
The Sultanate of Oman is an absolute monarchy. Only 8.2 people live here on one square kilometer. The country has a size of 309,500 square kilometers on which 2.5 million people live. The capital is Muscat.
Sultan Qabus ibn Said is the head of government and head of state. The Sultanate has a constitution. The ministers appointed by the sultan have only an advisory role. Oil and natural gas are the main export goods. Copper and chromite are also used.
The borders of Oman are in the northwest on the United Arab Emirates, in the west on Saudi Arabia, in the southwest on Yemen. The Rus al-Djibal peninsula at Cape Musandam also belongs to Oman.
Five percent of the population still live as nomads. The country is sparsely populated. 13 percent of men and 26 percent of women are illiterate. There is no compulsory school attendance, but over 90 percent of the children go to school. There are one state and four private universities in Oman. Colleges, which correspond to German vocational academies or universities of applied sciences, are twelve private and six state.
The agricultural center of Oman is the Batina plain in the north of the country. Limes, bananas, dates, pomegranates, mangoes, tomatoes, garlic, wheat, potatoes, onions, coffee and tobacco grow there. The area around Salalah can also be used for agriculture. Petroleum is primarily responsible for the country’s wealth. But there is also a lot of natural gas in Oman. At al-Ashkara there is still an undeveloped deposit of hard coal. Tourism has been strongly promoted in recent years.
Almost all places can be reached on paved roads. There are around 32,800 kilometers of road in Oman. Unfortunately there are no cross-connections so that one cannot yet speak of a road network. There are four-lane motorways on 779 kilometers. Intercity buses are becoming less and less important because many people have a private car. The country has a maximum legal speed of 120 km / h. Most of the cars are new and many cars are jeeps.
According to best-medical-schools, Lebanon has a 225 km long, narrow and steep coastline on the Mediterranean. Lebanon borders Israel in the south, Syria in the north and east. The capital is called Beirut.
The area of the Lebanon is 10,452 km², there live almost 4 million people, ie 380 inhabitants live here on one square kilometer. The Lebanon Mountains are very rugged and up to 3000 meters high. In the rain shadow lies the artificially irrigated Bekaa plain, which is very fertile. Grain, wine and fruit are grown there. Dairy farming is also carried out here. The border with Syria is formed by the Antilibanon mountain range and the Hermon. At 140 kilometers, the Litani is the longest river. It only flows within Lebanon.
Shi’ite Muslims and Maronite Christians are the largest of the 17 religious communities recognized in Lebanon. Others are Rum Orthodox Christians, Druze, Sunni Muslims, Melkite Greek Catholic Christians, Protestant Christians, Alawite Muslims, Armenian Apostolic Christians and Armenian Catholic Christians. Lebanon is divided into 6 governorates and 25 districts. The governorates are called Beirut, Mount Lebanon, Northern Lebanon, Bekaa, Nabataea and Southern Lebanon.
Beirut, as the capital, is the largest city with 2.1 million inhabitants. Tripoli is the second largest city with 500,000 inhabitants. Other cities are Zahlé with around 200,000 inhabitants, Sidon with around 100,000 inhabitants and Tire with 70,000 inhabitants. The information is only estimated since there has been no official census since 1932. In Lebanon you often eat vegetarian, but fish, lamb and chicken are also on the menu.
With a debt ratio of 209 percent, Lebanon is the country with the largest public debt. The country exports a great deal of goods, including jewelry, machinery and electrical appliances, metals and metal products. Precious and semi-precious stones, mineral raw materials, machines, means of transport and textiles are the goods that are imported into the country.
Lebanon used to be a popular tourist destination, but the civil war severely disrupted the tourist infrastructure. In 2010, several tour operators are trying to redevelop Lebanon for tourism.