Sights of Estonia
Despite the more than modest size of Estonia, which is slightly larger than the Odessa region, a lot of interesting historical and natural places are concentrated in it. Here are castles, and natural parks, churches, and even mystical zones. The most popular and central attraction, like the Red Square in Russia, in Estonia is the City Wall of Tallinn. According to itypejob, it was built to protect the city in the 13th century and reaches a height of about 20 meters. The city wall is equipped with more than 50 towers, which at one time were the shooters and observers. Only half of the towers of the City Wall have survived to this day, but this does not detract from its grandeur and beauty. Some of the towers are now museums. So, for example, in Fat Margarita, so boldly named because of its monumentality, there is the Maritime Museum, dedicated to the history of shipping in Estonia, and a cafe with a great view. The Military Museum functions in the largest tower of the Kik-in-de-Kek wall. The mysterious Lake Kali, located on the island of Saaremaa, is one of the most controversial sights in Estonia, which remains a mystery to this day. In fact, the lake is a crater with a diameter of about 60 meters, filled with water. The history of its origin is extremely blurred, the lake is mentioned only in local legends and fairy tales. According to some beliefs, Lake Kali is just a trace of the great giant Suuru Talu. Scientists also suggest that the lake was formed as a result of a meteorite fall 2400 or even 7500 years ago, but all attempts to prove this failed miserably. The island of ethnic settlers Kinhu is a great opportunity to get to know the traditions and customs of the Estonian people. The UNESCO International Organization recognized Kinkha as “a masterpiece of the oral cultural heritage of all mankind”. People here still wear self-woven folk clothes, celebrate pagan holidays, including Ivan Kupala Day, and sing old folk songs. They say that the locals hold the most beautiful wedding ceremonies, but since 1995 they have not been shown to tourists. The Bishop’s Castle, located in the capital of the island of Saaremaa in the city of Kuressaare, is truly the only surviving building of its kind in the entire Baltic. Nowhere else can you see such a large-scale structure, completely preserved from the time of construction in 1381. According to historical reports, the castle was created for Bishop Hermann III von Ocenbrugge. The Bishop’s Castle is a powerful medieval bastion located in a 42×42 square, 5m and surrounded by a wide moat. There is a popular story among locals about a knight immured in the castle and his preserved skeleton, which is shown only to the most daring visitors. In addition to the castle itself, you will be interested in visiting the Art Gallery and the Saaremaa Museum, which will tell the history of these lands, including the Soviet occupation. Extonia is also famous for its landscapes and rich nature. You can admire it in the largest national park in the country, the Lahemaa Nature Park, located 70 kilometers from Tallinn. On an area of 725 km², it contains rich forests, swamps and waterfalls with a lot of living creatures, which can be observed while walking along one of the park’s seven hiking trails. There are also ancient ethnic settlements here, including the village of Aitya fishermen and the settlement of Käsmu captains, as well as the estates of landowners. One of the most popular and well-preserved manors is the Baroque Palmse from 1763. Favorite of all travelers and the most famous attraction of the city of Rakvere and all of Estonia is the medieval castle. In 1226, a wooden castle was built on this site, later a stone one, but as a result of the Livonian War, it was also destroyed. What we see now is 70% reconstruction, but this does not prevent tourists from getting a lot of delight from visiting the castle in Rakveri. The fact is that it is completely open to guests who can look into the cellars, and into the “cloakroom” with knightly armor, and into the room of the local alchemist, and even into the torture room! Moreover, tourists can touch and try on all the details of the interiors, such immersion in the environment is rarely possible, and an overview of most of the preserved castles is possible only from the outside.
National cuisine of Estonia
Estonian cuisine was greatly influenced by Russia, Sweden and Germany. Compared to Latvia and Lithuania, Estonian cuisine includes more seafood and has a more “marine” feel. Among the traditional Estonian dishes, it is impossible not to mention jelly, roast pork with sauerkraut and black pudding with lingonberry sauce. In general, special attention is paid to “cold” dishes in Estonia, including various pickled vegetables and pickled herring with sour cream. Dairy products, cereals and soups also stand apart in the national cuisine of Estonia; they are an indispensable part of any table. Despite the variety of fish products, Baltic herring and sprat are the most favorite among Estonians. Estonian sweets will please any gourmet. Chocolates with original fillings like marzipan or mint syrup are popular here. The national drink is of course, beer. Light “Saku” and dark “Saare”. You can’t ignore the honey beer and the national liqueur Vanna Tallinn.