Singapore Country Information

Singapore Country Information

Singapore – a small country with a large concentration in one place of money, cultures, ancient prejudices and technical achievements. The idea (system) that made Singapore what it is is an authoritarian republic. Strange combination? Yes, there are a lot of strange things in Singapore. On the one hand, many English and Japanese businessmen (Japanese is the second language after English). On the other hand, obedience to the authorities in matters of childbearing. Since 1972, everyone obeyed the slogan “You can wait with the wedding! Two (that is, men and women) is enough” and stopped breeding. In 1986, the authorities realized it and put forward another slogan: “At least two children! And three is even better! Even four, if there are funds.” Singaporeans quickly began to multiply. True, it turned out that 10% simply do not know. According to itypemba.com, Singapore is the capital city of Singapore.

You can get a lot for money in Singapore. At the Raffles Hotel (rooms from $600), two footmen are assigned to each guest. Each room has Persian carpets. When the hotel was more modest, the writers Maugham, Conrad and Kipling could afford to live in it. In very expensive restaurants in Singapore, you can use jade sticks to eat shark fins and nests of sea swallows. For money in ultra-modern Singapore, you can even ride a rickshaw, but a Rolls-Royce will cost less.

The culture of Singapore is a fusion of Chinese, Indian and Malay. You may not notice the difference in churches (you can’t pray there, after all), but you will want to clarify the difference in kitchens endlessly and with great pleasure. In order not to be mistaken, you can do this directly in the habitats of each national group. In Chinatown, everything is like in old China. Street scribes help old women write news in China. Everywhere mirrors from the evil eye. They sell magic sayings that bring good luck and Chinese wines with a healing effect. The black flags on the houses are advertisements for sorcerers. The people here are especially friendly. Living in the Little India quarter, they try so hard to preserve their traditions that there is more Indian flavor here than in India itself. Intoxicating fragrances, beauties in saris, Hindu gods, astrologers, more jewelry stores than eateries.

The Arab and Malay quarters are dominated by Malays. It is relatively quiet here, many people read the Koran, batiks are sold, mosques rise. Singapore is not only a large island with a large free port and many electronics companies, but also 58 small islands. There are beaches, aquariums, parks and gardens. In one of the parks, a rare night safari is possible. The most expensive way to sail to any island is on a copy of the junk of the Chinese emperor of the Ming Dynasty. There are also many parks on the big island of Singapore. The zoo has the largest colony of orangutans in the world. And the reserve “Bukit Tima” – 70 hectares of untouched tropical forest. Pythons crawl from the paths without biting anyone, macaques sway on the trees. Naturally, in Singapore shops you can buy cheap the most modern electronic gadgets, and other gadgets for every taste. Singapore fairs are one of the best ways to get to know Asian manufacturers.

History

According to Malay legend, the prince of Sumatra met a lion, which was considered an auspicious sign, on Temasek and decided to found the city of Singapore, the city of the Lion, on this place. It doesn’t matter that there were never lions in Singapore (most likely the prince saw a tiger); what is important is that the city was built, which became the crossroads of the trade routes of the powerful Srivijaya empire (with its center in Sumatra), and later, in the middle of the 13th century, a colony of the Majapahit empire (with its center in Java).

Perhaps Singapore would have remained just a still pool if not for the invasion in 1819 by Sir Stamford Raffles. The British first made their presence known in the Straits of Malacca in the 18th century, when the East India Company made it their mission to protect their trade routes from China to the Indian colonies. Fearing the resumption of Dutch influence in trade, which had continued for the past 200 years, Raffles began to press for an expansion of the British presence in the region, which was done. As a result of his efforts, Singapore’s reputation as a backward, disease-ridden colony was soon forgotten. Thousands of immigrants began to come to the city, attracted by the possibility of duty-free trade, and a truly prosperous colony was created with military and naval bases.

Singapore’s growth and prosperity continued into the 20th century. Nevertheless, the outbreak of the Second World War grossly violated the power of the British: they were defeated under the onslaught of the Japanese, who captured the colony in 1941. The British, of course, were able to return after the fall of Japan in 1945, but their absolute power could no longer be restored.

By the 1950s, the development of bourgeois nationalism led to the formation of a number of political parties, and Singapore began to slowly move towards self-government. The People’s Activism Party, led by Cambridge graduate Lee Kuan Yew, won the 1959 election. Lee became prime minister and held that position for the next 30 years. In 1963, Singapore formed a union with Malaya (now Malaysia), but by 1965 the newly formed federation was in great difficulty. Soon, Singapore became independent again and began to personify the dream of successful economic development. Intelligent and pathologically pragmatic, Lee created a government that suppressed all opposition and rejected everything that was even the slightest degree socially undesirable, for example,

Lee Kuan Yeu stepped down as prime minister in 1990 and was replaced by Goh Chok Tong, who was more liberal and collegial. In August 1993, the first presidential elections were held in the country, before that the president was elected by members of parliament. The most recent elections were held in September 1999, and SR Nathan was elected to the presidency, which is largely symbolic.

The last economic crisis in Southeast Asia, which took place in the 1990s, affected the country’s economy to the same extent as the economy of all other countries in the region; in three months of 1998, unemployment in the country jumped to 45%. Recently, the city-state has regained its former stability and is as prosperous as ever, but the massive exodus of highly qualified specialists abroad is of great concern.

Singapore Country Information