Spain Children and School
School in Spain
In Spain, schooling is compulsory for all children between the ages of six and 16, i.e. up to the 10th grade. School fees are not charged in state schools. However, 30 percent of the children attend a private school, for which school fees have to be paid.
From elementary school to high school graduation
Primary school lasts six years. They are divided into three cycles of two years each. So the 1st and 2nd grade, the 3rd and 4th grade as well as the 5th and 6th grade are combined into one cycle. You cannot sit still in the first year of a cycle. A school year is called Curso in Spanish. English is usually the first foreign language from the 3rd grade, sometimes even from the 1st grade.
Primary school is followed by secondary school, which everyone has to attend for four years. This school is a comprehensive school. There is no breakdown into several school types. French or German are usually added as a second foreign language.
Those who then continue to school can do the Abitur after two years. This is called bachillerato in Spanish. This does not require a separate final examination as in Germany, you just have to pass the last certificate. Check mcat-test-centers to see schooling information in other European countries.
Who has a 10?
There are grades from 1 to 10. A 1 is the worst grade, a 10 the best! Classes start in the morning and end in the afternoon, with a lunch break in between. The Spanish children have long summer holidays, from late June to around mid-September. The school year is divided into three semesters. There are far fewer AGs or additional sports opportunities in Spain than here.
What language is the teaching in?
Classes are held in Spanish (Castilian), but in some regions also in the language spoken there, especially in Catalonia in Catalan, in the Basque Country in Basque and in Galicia in Galician. Which and how many subjects are then taught in this regional language differs, sometimes from school to school.
What subjects are there?
The subjects are otherwise similar to ours. Religion is always Catholic religion. If you don’t want to take part, you can get rid of it. Just as German is taught as a subject in Germany, it is Spanish in Spain. And then of course there is math, sports, art, music, geography and English as the first foreign language.
Names in Spain
Spaniards usually have two surnames. The first surname is the father’s name, the second the mother’s name. However, it is also possible to specify at birth that it should be the other way around. A change is also possible when you reach the age of majority. Pablo García Sánchez presumably has a father whose first surname is García and a mother whose first surname is Sánchez.
García is the most common surname in Spain. Other common names are Martínez, Rodríguez, Fernández, Sánchez, López, and Martín.
And the first names? At the moment, girls are particularly often named Lucía, María, Paula, Daniela, Martina, Carla, Sara, Sofía, Valeria or Julia. Boys are often called Hugo, Daniel, Pablo, Alejandro, Álvaro, Adrián, David, Mario, Diego and Javier.
That is true if you look at all of Spain. In the regions with their own language, i.e. the Basque Country, Galicia and Catalonia, names in their own language are also among the most frequently given baby names. Girls in Galicia are often called Uxia and boys are called Brais. In the Basque Country, many boys are called Markel, Ibai, Iker, Unai or Unax. Girls are often baptized Irati, Izaro or Uxue there.
Incidentally, among all the inhabitants of Spain, María and Antonio are the most common names. 28 percent of all girls and women are called María! 18 percent of women are called Carmen, making it the second most popular girl’s name. And of the boys and men, 32 percent are Antonio and 29 percent are José. Manuel and Francisco are almost as common. Boys can also be called Jesús in Spain.
The nickname of José Pepe, incidentally, that of Francisco Paco. And there we come to another specialty in Spain: there are such nicknames for many names. There are also names that are also available in German, but which sound completely different in Spanish. Can you guess who Juan would be with us, who would be Enrique and who would be Miguel? You can find the solution under everyday life in Spain !
What would you like to be called if you were born in Spain? Think of a first name and two surnames!
The day of the innocent children
Another tradition is Innocent Children’s Day on December 28th. You trick others with a made up story. Funny false reports are then also published in newspapers or on television. So it all reminds a bit of our April 1st and April Fools joke.