Tanzania Population, Politics and Economy

Tanzania Population, Politics and Economy

Population in Tanzania

According to directoryaah, the approximately 53 million residents of Tanzania are made up of around 120 ethnic groups. With around 95%, the Bantu group is the largest tribe. The general population growth is increasing, which is mainly due to the fact that Tanzanian women give birth to an average of 5.3 children. The consequences of this are that the country is quite young, the largest population group is the people under 20 years of age. The two main religions of Tanzania are Islam and Christianity. Islam is more likely to be found in the north and on the coastal areas, while Christianity is more likely to be found in the interior of Tanzania. All over the country you can also find many followers of traditional African natural religions. A total of around 130 languages are spoken in Tanzania, English and Swahili (KiSwahili) are the two official languages. Most residents have a perfect command of English, but communication in English is difficult in smaller and very remote areas.

Politics and economy in Tanzania

Tanzania has been a federal presidential republic since 1977. The head of state with extensive powers is the president, who is directly elected for a period of five years. A one-time re-election is possible. He appoints the cabinet headed by the prime minister. The legislature rests with the National Assembly with 324 members, 232 of whom are directly elected. The dominant party political force is the Tanzanian Revolutionary Party (Chama Cha Mapinduzi, CCM), the former Unity Party. The largely autonomous Zanzibar has its own state institutions.

Tanzania Politics

Despite strong development aid, Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. According to ebizdir, Tanzanian economy as a whole depends largely on the performance of the agricultural sector, which contributes a good 46 percent to the gross domestic product (GDP). More than 75% of the employees work in agriculture. A popular export good is cotton, for example, and Tanzania has a large amount of gold, diamonds and iron ore. The service sector has also grown rapidly in recent years and now has a share of around 39% of GDP. This is attributable to rapid growth in tourism, telecommunications and finance.

Transport network in Tanzania

The road network of Tanzania extends to around 85,000 km of which only around 4,000 km are asphalted. Some of the roads are not passable after heavy rainfall because they are partially washed under or washed away. In Tanzania people drive on the left!

The most popular travel method in Tanzania is certainly the bus ride. If you are traveling within a city, you can also use so-called Dalla-Dallas, small minibuses. There are also tuk-tuks, motorized tricycles. Basically, the traffic in Tanzania is a lot more chaotic than in Europe, so there are usually no official stops for buses or taxis.

As far as the railway network is concerned, a route from Dar es Salaam leads west through the whole country via Dodoma to Kigoma. Another large travel route runs from Dar es Salaam southwest to Zambia. Also known is the TAZARA Railway, which can be used to travel all over the country.

Cities and regions in Tanzania

Tanzania is divided into 30 administrative districts, five of which are in the state of Zanzibar. The most popular tourist activities in Tanzania are definitely visiting national parks and natural monuments, of which there are very many in Tanzania. Cities are largely uninteresting for longer stays, most tourists spend 1-2 days in the respective city and then travel on.

Dar es Salaam:

Dar es Salaam is a city with over 4 million residents and the largest city in Tanzania. The many historical monuments and buildings as well as the cathedrals and museums are particularly beautiful. Furthermore, you can visit some of the many markets in the city center and feast your way through the typical Tanzanian cuisine.


The archipelago off the mainland consists of two islands. One of the islands, Unguja, is particularly interesting. The capital of the island is called Zanzibar City and its old town is called Stone Town and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. There you will find numerous historical buildings and interesting places.


Moshi is a well-known city in the Kilimanjaro region in northeastern Tanzania. The most interesting sight of the city is of course the Kilimanjaro mountain range, which can be seen from parts of the city. There are also interesting markets to visit during the week in Moshi.


Arusha is a city in northeastern Tanzania. The region is considered to be the central port of call and gateway on a trip for safari tourism in Tanzania. In the vicinity of the city there are some national parks that are well worth seeing, as well as interesting natural sites such as the over 4000 meters high, extinct volcano Meru.


The city of Mbeja is located in the southern highlands of Tanzania, at the foot of the Mbeya Range.